UN Millennium Development Goals - Research Paper Example

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Goal One: Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger This is the first of the 8 millennium development goals. The goal had three targets. Target 1A was to halve the number of persons whose income is below a dollar a day between the year 1990 and the year 2015…
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UN Millennium Development Goals Research Paper
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Download file to see previous pages Before the crisis, poverty depth had diminished in almost every region. Target 1B was to achieve productive and full employment, as well as decent work for every one, including young people and women. The main indicators for this target were the employment-to-population ratio, growth rate of GDP per person employed, proportion of employed people living under one dollar a day, and the proportion of workers who own-account and contribute to family who are in employment. This target has also been hit by the economic crisis which has led to a decline in employment due to deterioration of the labor market. With loss of jobs, several workers were forced into vulnerable employment; hence many of them have found themselves and their families living in extreme poverty. Target 1C is to halve the number of persons who suffer from hunger between the year 1990 and the year 2015, (UN, 2007). Some of the indicators include the incidence of underweight kids who are under-5 years of age, and the number of people below minimum point of dietary energy consumption. Again, the global economic crisis may have contributed to a spike in hunger in 2009, with 1 in every 4 children in developing nations still underweight. Indications also point to a high prevalence of underweight children among the poor. ...
This translates to a GDP per capita of about $17000. The GDP growth was also put at 4.5%, with the inflation rate peaking at 12%. Among some of the world development indicators, there was a 113% gross primary school enrollment as of 2009, with the poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line standing at 45.9%. The country’s life expectancy is put at 57 years. Kenya is home to a host of ethnic communities, which are estimated to be about 42 in number. World Bank (2011) put the GNI per capita for the country to be $820. Kenya offers the 8-4-4 education system, with primary education being free, and secondary education being subsidized. The two main languages that are spoken are Kiswahili and English. The country is known for its game reserves and beaches, and is a favorite tourist destination. Though the country had enjoyed a significant economic growth since the year 2003, the growth was slowed down by the Post Election Violence that occurred after the 2007 general elections. However, Kenya remains a trade and financial hub in East Africa. Country Map Fig 1. The Map of Kenya (source: The CIA World Factbook) Progress to Goal The world as a whole has made tremendous gains toward the achievement of this goal. From the United Nations Summit (2010), the number of people living under the international poverty line of $1.25 a day reduced from 1.8 billion to 1.4 billion between 1990 and 2015. In developing regions, the number of people living in extreme poverty dropped from 46% to 27%, and this is on track to meet the global target. Despite the setbacks caused by the economic downturn in 2008 and 2009, the progress in many developing countries has been sustained, and if the positive trends continue, only about 920 million people ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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