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Modern society - Essay Example

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Sociology Theory Name Date Alienation is a situation when an individual detaches one’s self from the reality of human nature and while focusing on providing for one’s self. Exploitation is the using of something or someone in a cruel or unjust manner. The modern society is alienating and exploitative in the manner that; its people are no more concerned about human nature of helping others, but about providing for themselves…
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Download file to see previous pages At a similar time, he becomes alienated or estranged from his colleague man. Finally, he goes through alienation from his domain; the world which he lives. These three types of alienation—from self, from other individuals, and from the world—all interlink together. They are a presentation of three phases of a single process (Marx, Tucker, & Engels, 1978). Marx’s reason for revolutionary beliefs A revolution in the working class will help reduce and eliminate the alienation and exploitation problems through different ways. First, reason for alienation and exploitation is capitalism. In capitalism, the people hate their jobs and work. Alienation is a result of class society at large and mostly of capitalism, and a pervasive alienation society can be ended by organizing the economic system (Tucker, 2002). Alienation of works is the main source of alienation; the alienation of labor. The assumption is that people get the need to engage constantly in a free, creative job as a focal part of the human nature. This is specifically because capitalism methodically frustrates that need, making it an alienating scheme. A large number of people believe that alienation and exploitation of the people is an inevitable necessity, simply because work is fundamentally unpleasant. Marx tries to explain that work does not necessarily need to be frustrating and unpleasant, but meaningful, self-expressive and creative. He explains that if life were this at least most of the time if not all of the time, then, people live would be satisfying and fulfilling. The responses of Adam Smith and Alexis De Tocqueville In Adam Smith’s arguments, he kicks off with the individual; he defines the labor of a man as the basis of all other assets. From this point, it tracks that the nature of one’s labor, without damage to others, is a sacrosanct right, which the government needs to allow in all possible ways. Smith uses his theory in the economy to support his faith on how the restrictions on government actions generate the most general good for humanity (Marx, Tucker, & Engels, 1978). Smith ascertains three clusters of individuals who develop from capitalism: landlords, laborers, and capitalists. He states that each of these classes act out purely on self- interest, hence his reasoning why they might fail in ruling with the virtuous of humanity in mind. He concurs with Marx by stating that laborers and society have the same interest in mind (Tucker, 2002). In his theory, impartial of all are the landlords. Smith’s theory argues indirectly that the capitalist are the most suitable and capable of leadership. He stipulates that any law or regulation from this class needs to be listened to with immense precaution, but should never be adopted until a long and careful examination (Tucker, 2002). Smith pinpoints that because of the lack of class to head with humanity’s interest at bay and existence of a free market with selfishly motivated individual, the government needs to take over the tasks. These takes include management of justice and maintenance of given public works. Smith’s plan is to empower government contrary to Marx’s idea of working class revolution to curb society’s alienation and exploitation. Smith’s arguments state that the government’s responsibility is to protect the rich from the poor. He ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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