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Imagine you are at a bar with Adam Smith, Karl Marx, and Alexis De Tocqueville. After a few drinks, Marx throws out the follo - Essay Example

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Name Professor Subject 2 December 2012 Modern Society Debate: Marx, Smith and Tocqueville Marx: “Modern society is alienating and exploitative; it cannot be reformed; a working-class revolution is the only answer.” Smith: That is not true as “intervention (on a system) can often disrupt order and thereby promote chaos.” He adds, “Workmen stand in need of a master to advance them the materials of their work, and their wages and maintenance till it be completed…
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Imagine you are at a bar with Adam Smith, Karl Marx, and Alexis De Tocqueville. After a few drinks, Marx throws out the follo
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Download file to see previous pages Division was a comparatively easy achievement. We have furnished the world with a memorable illustration of the difficulty of the reverse process. When 60 years ago, the various classes into which French society was divided were suddenly brought together a after a separation of several centuries, their only point of contact were their old sores; they only met to tear each other to pieces. Their rival jealousies and hatreds survive to this day. (Old regime and the Revolution. Chapter X). "Among a democratic people, where there is no hereditary wealth, every man works to earn a living...Labor is held in honor; the prejudice is not against but in its favor.” (Book II. Chapter 18) Marx retorted: “But revolution is the best way to create society without class distinctions.” Karl Marx believes that capitalism exists as a system of virtual slavery and only serves the interests of capitalists who derive power and fortune from the exploitation of the working class. Marx posits that total change can only be achieved through revolution. David Noebel (2006) supports this analysis and states that “class struggle is not peaceful, just as the struggle for survival in nature is not peaceful”. Marx further states that workers “openly declare their ends can be attained only by the forcible throw of all existing social conditions” and that they “have an ethical duty to work towards the forcible overthrow of capitalism” (Noebel, 2006). As there is an ongoing struggle between the social classes (bourgeoisie and proletariat), Marx believes that there is a need to end this struggle and an new form of government, which he termed socialism, should be established (Brill, 2009). In his Communist Manifesto, Marx wrote that “The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggle. Freeman and slave, patrician and plebeian, lord and serf, guildmaster and journeyman, in a word, oppressor and oppressed, stood in constant opposition to one another, carried on an uninterrupted… that each time ended, either in a revolutionary reconstitution of society at large, or in the common ruin of the contending classes… The modern bourgeois society…has but established new classes, new conditions of oppression, new forms of struggle in place of the old ones” Marx points out that whatever form of capitalism is being practiced by society, oppression and abuse of the working class would always be prevalent among the rich capitalists. In his theory of history, Marx believes that if forces of production have reached a certain level, social revolution is inevitable. Marx wrote that when “productive forces are concentrated in…a few bourgeois whilst the mass of…proletarians (live in) conditions more wretched and unendurable (while) the riches of the bourgeois increase…and that productive forces have outgrown private property…they provoke the most violent disturbances in the social order.” He believes that while the ruling class, bourgeois, continue to generate riches at the expense of exploiting the working classes and subjecting them to miserable life conditions, there will naturally be a consensus among the masses to topple the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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