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De Tocqueville and Marx on Government - Essay Example

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This paper "De Tocqueville and Marx on Government" focuses on the fact that Alexis de Tocqueville and Karl Marx are influential political thinkers whose views have been pertinent in shaping the modern world. These individuals lived in the 19th century which saw changes in the political scene. …
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De Tocqueville and Marx on Government
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Download file to see previous pages De Tocqueville believes that government should not just be a guarantor of freedoms, but it should also be a means through which individuals in society gains some form of representation, which ensures that their opinions concerning how the state should be run are voiced. As a guarantor of freedoms, it is the responsibility of government to make sure that the state is secure enough as a means of safeguarding these freedoms and it should provide checks and balances which make possible an environment where the government does not slip into tyranny. However, there are often instances where societies develop a tendency to create an environment that encourages too much freedom within it that when they are faced with serious problems, it is difficult for such societies to tackle them. Therefore, a situation is created where in order to defend the interests of the nation, it is essential for individuals within it to work together; a circumstance which is not reasonable because human beings are creatures that are too independent to effectively defend the interests of their communities. A government has to act as a moderator for freedoms because too many freedoms make it difficult for states to function and might eventually lead to its collapse. By taking away some of the more extreme manifestations of equality from society, the government is able to maintain order and make possible the creation of a just society where personal and societal interests are balanced.

Karl Marx, on the other hand, believes that the current manifestation of government is one which is not based on equality, but a means of ensuring that the affluent in society retain power. Government is a tool that is used by those who control the means of production, namely the affluent or bourgeoisie, to retain power so that they can also be able to more effectively protect their economic interests.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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