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Government - Essay Example

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The most common include counties, townships, municipalities and special districts. These smaller units of local government serve most people in different capacities including education, water, sewage, sanitation, fire, and police…
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The Structure and Function of the County governments in US Local government in the US assumes many forms. The most common include counties, townships, municipalities and special districts. These smaller units of local government serve most people in different capacities including education, water, sewage, sanitation, fire, and police protection. The local governments are independent of the state that established them. The state has powers over them and can abolish them if the need arises (Paul 25).
In the US, the county is normally considered as the largest political subdivision of a state. The county government is found almost in all state except Connecticut and Rhode Island. The names given to these government forms might vary depending on the state. However, the number, size and population also vary from state to state (Steytler 386).
States do provide county governments with a various organizational structure. The county board has the power to govern most counties in a given state, although the name of this board varies from one state to another. Some of the commonly used names include county board of supervisors, the board of county commissioners, and the board of free commissioners. These members are popularly elected officials and that the state law strictly limits their legislative powers. However, their main responsibilities include deciding on the county budget, taxes, as well as zoning codes (Bowman and Kearney 107).
In most counties, the county board supervisor has both executive and legislative authorities. The board members usually share the executive authorities with each member responsible for a different county unit and officers who are elected. The officers may include attorney, clerks, coroner, auditors, sheriff, recorder of deeds, treasurer, superintendent of schools and others (Steytler 28)
County government further, issue licenses, supervise elections, keep records of vital statistics and over see many essential services including hospitals, sports facilities, as well as public welfare programs.
References
Bowman, Ann OM. and Richard C. Kearney. State and Local Government: the Essentials. Boston, MA: Wadsworth Publishing, 2012.
Paul, Malamud. How the United States Is Governed. Jason L. Stern, n.d.
Steytler, Nico. Local Government and Metropolitan Regions in Federal Systems. Montreal: Mcgill Queens Univ Pr, 2009. Read More
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