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Whereas the Capitalists believed on the private ownership of means of production, Communisms was for the public ownership of means of production. Secondly, these philosophers were against alienated labor and job specialization, which they viewed as betrayal to multiple human potential. Thirdly, they were against exploitation of workers, brought by capitalism. Here workers would be exploited in terms of payment. They claimed that Capitalism was primarily for making money rather than the common good for all. For instance, among the few rich, money would determine their relationship even in the institutions of marriage. Job instability is another factor that these scholars viewed as a brought by the industrial age. Here most workers would be rendered jobless as machines take up most jobs (Riggins 1).
Some of these arguments are still seen to be relevant to date. For instance, in some of the most industrialized nations, machines tend to do most jobs, which human beings would have done. For example, in Britain, cotton gene replaced human labor. Secondly, the idea of job specialization has transformed most human beings to a machine like creature, preventing them of being dynamic and innovative (Caldwell 3).
In conclusion, the ideologies of Marx and Engels can help in building economy that brings better relationship with nature and society. Moreover, there is no country in the world to date which practice communism or capitalism to the letter. In one ay or another, changes have been realized in countries that were first viewed as extremists. For instance, communist China now gives her citizens opportunity to keep some of their earnings. The same appears to have been adopted and adapted in USA that currently has social security systems and postal services owned by
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Marx believed that in every society the origin of the social order is the manufacturing of fiscal goods. He believed that what is produced, how it is produced, and how it is exchanged determine the diversity in people’s wealth, power, and social status (Elwell).
It is the basis for comprehending the theory of what a capitalist state was, written on the basis of English politics by Marx. The main objective of the writing composition was to help the world understand the kind of hardships that the various (lower) classes in France were undergoing, and the kind of trauma that they were subject to in their lies in order to survive with the rule that had been established by force under the Bonaparte dictatorship.
Table of Contents Introduction 3 Marx’s Basic Theory of Human History – Social Change 3 Species Being 5 ALIENATION 6 Commodity fetish 7 Conclusion 8 Works Cited 9 Introduction The origin of the sociological theories owes a great deal to Karl Marx; he exerted a philosophical impact on various basic theories of sociology.
Karl Marx Introduction: Far more than a philosopher, Karl Marx was a political leader and a revolutionary. He is the founder of modern “scientific” socialism, a view which presents the idea that in society no property should be held privately. Karl Hienrich Marx was born in Trier, Rhenish Prussia (modern day Germany) on May 5th 1818.
Such differentiation has usually taken form of the development of respective doctrinal literature generally specific for each given sect/school. Therefore it is necessary to try and analyze a specific text representative of a particular Buddhist scholastic doctrine in order to understand its inner development and the connection with the whole corpus of Buddhist texts and teachings.
Karl Marx believed that through this theory of class struggle he had explained the history of humanity. Karl Marx was convinced that without equal distribution of resources in a society, conflict is bound to arise. For Karl Marx material is the ultimate reality and the history of human beings can be explained as a constant and dialectic struggle for the material resources.
Karl Marx is one the historical theorist who developed the idea of commodity and the value attached to it. Karl Marx defined a commodity as a unique object that has properties that can satisfy specific human wants in the society. He draws a close relationship between the unique objects which he calls a commodity and the value that they possess as he believes that the only way to understand the commodity is by understanding the value property of these objects.
One of the most imperative reasons behind making an investigation into the topic afore-mentioned includes the evaluation of the political ideology articulated by Marxist perspective while seeking its association with Marx’s viewpoint on historical developments man has observed since the primitive times till the Marx’s era of Industrial Revolution.
Marx asserts that the human being has a natural productive capacity: that they are natural workers and have an innate ability to sustain an economy of profit. After exploring this idea in many of his essays, Marx elaborates upon it in the Communist Manifesto by identifying the conditions that are most conducive to the promotion of the natural productive capacity of workers.
And he time and again adhered to a thorough obligation to open experiential examination of the whole story. Marx individual goals were thus certainly framed by means of his ambition to make scientific investigation of the