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Hot topic Gender and Vocational opportunities For criminal Justice class - Essay Example

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Gender and vocational opportunities for criminal Justice class This hot topic asserts that women on prison have been denied a range of learning opportunities in order to enable them secure good jobs once they leave prison. When compared to 1970, today women have much greater vocational opportunities…
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Hot topic Gender and Vocational opportunities For criminal Justice class
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Download file to see previous pages These kind of jobs are easily available elsewhere and are better paying outside the prison walls such as the in service and sales job. The hot topic provided an example of women in Oklahoma prison. Among women who had entered prison without a GED or diploma, only 4- percent completed the vocational program that included four choices of business/computer technology, horticulture/landscape management, electronics and business management. A woman with a GED had a higher success rate. The reason behind this success rate could not be established by the researcher, he however had the notion that those who failed had no interest after being released. This led to the argument that since women shunned these programs, the men will have an upper hand in using them. The researcher also suggested that women didn’t seek better paying areas due to a lack of education about the choices that they may have. However, many prison administrators are opposed to this, stating that women have little interest in the male dominated world of vocational skills. Critics, on the other hand, claimed that this rationalization is an excuse for not spending money on opening up opportunities for women, since the women in the prison programs earn so little to support themselves. Until this is resolved, the prisons will always offer men an upper hand in opportunities. The Journal of Applied Business Research For comparison, an article from the journal of Applied Business Research will be discussed. This journal article investigated the gender differences in job quality preferences and job choice among a group of Chinese university students (Fisher & Yuan, 1998). Similarities between how men and women viewed the significance of advancement, learning, compensation as well as overseas opportunities, in employment by foreign plus national enterprises, were observed Gender roles have been widely explored in relation to occupational decision making. Most gender differences in job preference are due to the influence of normative social expectations. Children are socialized to behave in a manner that is gendered. They consequently develop their perceptions of suitable occupational choices to those connected with their own sex (Fisher & Yuan, 1998). In this article Irene and Hang-yue, pointed out that gender differences in values of work may comprise a significant aspect of occupational choice. This may affect the different career choices of women and men and ease their entry into male-dominated plus female-dominated occupations in their early on career stage. This case was likely to hold in China also since the 1980’s when its labor market was liberalized (Fisher & Yuan, 1998). According to the study, the top four attributes for job choice for young professionals in china are: opportunity for practicing the knowledge, personal interest, and training that one has learned, and starting salary that is consistent with one’s expectation. Several studies frequently rank pay at the top of the list. This reveals a primary instrumental course of the Chinese in the reform era. Both male and female employees constantly ranked lofty salary and good working conditions as the top priorities on the list. Another issue is that environmental of factor that can affect the development of an individual’s work values. The sole institutional environment in China has an important impact on one’s occupational deci ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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