Date: Lord of the Flies Part 1 There is a massive connection between the characters and their group dynamics in “Lord of the flies” and what was taking place in the film about the Stanford prison experiment by Philip Zimbardo…
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The same is true in “Lord of the flies,” where those assigned the positions of power like Jack and Ralph to play the role of leaders of the group really took this task seriously. Jack for example like the guards in the Stanford prison experiment started degrading those in a lower power position and made them follow him and act according to his instructions failure to which resulted in dehumanizing acts like the time they took Piggy’s glasses whereas they knew the importance of the glasses to Piggy. The group conformity in a bid to get social identity as resulted from Solomon Asch’s research also connects and explains the group behavior observed in the film “Lord of the flies.” When Jack decides to go on his own and become a hunter thus breaking away from the initial group who had survived the crash, many of the group members follow him. They do this not because they want to or because of the promises of meat made to them but because they are afraid of being outcasts which is considered a social punishment. Most of those who follow jack are his fellow choir group who want to identify with their intragroup in order to gain social identity. Obedience as observed in Milgram’s obedience research film where in spite of the participants being aware of the negative effects of their actions they still obeyed and administered the shocks is evident in the film “Lord of the flies.” Jack is an authority figure in his intragroup and the rest of the group members obey him and his commands no matter how atrocious they sound or the negative consequences it impacts on the intergroup members (who are in this case Ralph’s group). As a result of this obedience to the authority, Simon and Piggy are killed by the members of Jack’s group. Prior to that, Jack commands that they raid Ralph’s group and steal Piggy’s glasses which are used to light the fire and none of the group members refuses to go despite being aware of the fact that Piggy uses the glasses to see. Part 2 After the initial group forming (which is represented by the time when the boys were scared and had no alternative but to stick together) storming stage starts with disagreements about leadership and this is the beginning of the changes in group dynamics. Jack breaks away from the group to form his own group and this brings about issues of establishing group boundaries, group bonding and the in-group out-group rivalry begins with each group favoring their in-group members and seeing the out-group as nothing but outcasts. The rituals started by Jack and which are ultimately followed by his in-group members of hunting, applying mud on their faces and chanting songs like savages brings them closer together hence establishing group bonding. This lifestyle they chose is different from what Ralph’s group is doing (as they maintain civilization they initially had when they first landed in the island) and hence group boundaries are created by these differences (Golding, 77). Important symbols like Piggy’s glasses which represent life and power as they are the only ones that can light a fire lead to further cementing group boundaries and bonding. The fire which is created by the glasses brings the group together as one as they gather around it to warm and cook and keeps the other group further away. The concho which is also a symbol of intelligence and authority through advising
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Each boy has a particular quality, like leadership, intelligence, or spirituality, but lacks in other qualities. Among these children, all below their teen age, it is Jack who represents the real human nature, with his greed for power. Finally the novelist shows in Lord of the Flies that neither the intelligence of Piggy nor the intuition of Simon along with the leadership qualities of Ralph, the savage instinct of Jack cannot be kept under check to save the island from total ruin, a miniature space standing for the entire planet.
Lord of The Flies, the work by William Golding, was published in the year 1954. This work deals with the subject matter of human nature and survival instinct. To be specific, the author makes use of the characters to portray human nature and its characteristics.
William Golding’s Lord of the Flies presents human society and human nature in highly negative and pessimistic terms. Human nature, within the context of this particular story, is incontrovertibly savage. When social and legal controls are removed and humans are left to their own devices, they revert to their animalistic, bestial nature.
Almost immediately in the book, Piggy finds the conch shell - the symbol of civilization and society - and Ralph thereby becomes a leader. Jack Merridew enters as both a comrade and a competitor.Despite all the darkness revealed in his introduction, Jack cannot kill the first pig.Society still controls him at this point, allowing him to become friends with Ralph.Even so, he inspires a premonition that next time there will be no mercy.
According to to the author of the text, power is a major theme in many aspects of social life. Notably, power can be divided in many different ways that will determine the extent to which individuals have a say in how their lives are governed. Besides, who has the power often dictates the type of lifestyles that can be enjoyed by the rest of society.
The major themes of the novel are the opposition of civilization and brutality, reason and impulse, order and chaos, loss of innocence and desire for aggression and power. Golding himself believed that man is inherently evil, and the beast inside him cannot be permanently
Ego is the part of the personality that “checks the id until conditions allow for satisfaction of its impulses. Superego is seeks to control the satisfaction of id impulses—only when it is correct to do so as required by the
In this case, the shell is a symbol of civilization and a source of order. It is a crucial source of power and it is the boy who is in possession that has the right to command and speak to the others (Golding, 45). Over time, the shell loses its authority and when
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