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Social Theory and Social Welfare - Essay Example

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SOCIAL THEORY AND SOCIAL WELFARE [Name of of Instructor] Introduction: Liberalism, neo-liberalism, liberal government and social welfare measures are interlinked phenomena, which have been widely discussed and analyzed at the global level…
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Download file to see previous pages Concept of liberalism is almost twenty years old and it is one of the catchiest phrases of political discussions or debates. Liberalism based on political theory that highlights democracy and other related ideas. It forms a structure of political matters, bureaucracies, rights of citizens, and phenomenon of capitalism. Liberalism has given rise to its different forms such as economists’ liberalism, classical liberalism, neo-liberalism, and new liberalism, which is also called as social liberalism1. New Liberalism: Thomas hill Green was the first man who thought to consider a crucial issue of inequality after liberals lost several seats in the disastrous elections of 1895. At that point, Thomas Hill Green and other leaders deeply analyze the need of new direction for self-help and protect failure of the party. Initially, it was discovered by the practitioners that liberals are unable to resolve newer issues of industrialization. Consequently, in late 1890s discussions and viewpoints of Rainbow circle members and other reputable politicians have given considerable justification for new liberal concepts2. New or social liberalism can be defined as the belief, which emphasized social justice. This type of liberalism identifies a lawful performance for the country that is dealing with socio-economic and political issues. For instance, unemployment, education and health care. Followers of new liberalism tend to focus on civil rights and freedom of citizens. Most of the capitalist world states have adopted social liberal policies mainly after World War II3. Researchers have underpinned that social justice liberalism highly valued political freedom particularly in their speeches and beliefs. Further, it was also viewed in the light of new liberalism that states should be left alone to make their decisions for running their own governmental systems without external interference. Along with the freedom of living and handling social systems of live, opposed militarism and the international free trade that can contribute to preserve peace and harmony in the country4. In addition, followers of new liberalism highlighted that in order to run and maintain state system according to new liberal perceptions; it should be committed that fair distribution of wealth and power shall be maintained. John Rawls revived that fairness should be visible in conditions for legitimacy as well as in conditions for valuable freedom. On the other hand, critics claim about the shortcomings of social liberalism, for which they point out that a commitment to freedom in politics along with equality that will ultimately accounts for over-concentration of power and wealth that will impose challenging threats to political freedom. However, literature shows that democracy tends to promote equality and distribution of power, which it consider significant for protecting liberty, particularly in context of active democracy. It is because new liberalism emphasize on public participation’s in decision making processes of the state5. Central objective of new liberalist revolves around freedom of citizens, but unlike economic and classical liberal they specifically focus to eliminate poverty, hunger, bad health, disability, illiteracy and unemployment from the society as these problems are getting worst. Researchers have found that the British Liberal Democrats are studied as followers of new liberalism. Further, it has been observed that the developmental progress of new liberalism ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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