SOCIAL THEORY AND SOCIAL WELFARE [Name of of Instructor] Introduction: Liberalism, neo-liberalism, liberal government and social welfare measures are interlinked phenomena, which have been widely discussed and analyzed at the global level…
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Concept of liberalism is almost twenty years old and it is one of the catchiest phrases of political discussions or debates. Liberalism based on political theory that highlights democracy and other related ideas. It forms a structure of political matters, bureaucracies, rights of citizens, and phenomenon of capitalism. Liberalism has given rise to its different forms such as economists’ liberalism, classical liberalism, neo-liberalism, and new liberalism, which is also called as social liberalism1. New Liberalism: Thomas hill Green was the first man who thought to consider a crucial issue of inequality after liberals lost several seats in the disastrous elections of 1895. At that point, Thomas Hill Green and other leaders deeply analyze the need of new direction for self-help and protect failure of the party. Initially, it was discovered by the practitioners that liberals are unable to resolve newer issues of industrialization. Consequently, in late 1890s discussions and viewpoints of Rainbow circle members and other reputable politicians have given considerable justification for new liberal concepts2. New or social liberalism can be defined as the belief, which emphasized social justice. This type of liberalism identifies a lawful performance for the country that is dealing with socio-economic and political issues. For instance, unemployment, education and health care. Followers of new liberalism tend to focus on civil rights and freedom of citizens. Most of the capitalist world states have adopted social liberal policies mainly after World War II3. Researchers have underpinned that social justice liberalism highly valued political freedom particularly in their speeches and beliefs. Further, it was also viewed in the light of new liberalism that states should be left alone to make their decisions for running their own governmental systems without external interference. Along with the freedom of living and handling social systems of live, opposed militarism and the international free trade that can contribute to preserve peace and harmony in the country4. In addition, followers of new liberalism highlighted that in order to run and maintain state system according to new liberal perceptions; it should be committed that fair distribution of wealth and power shall be maintained. John Rawls revived that fairness should be visible in conditions for legitimacy as well as in conditions for valuable freedom. On the other hand, critics claim about the shortcomings of social liberalism, for which they point out that a commitment to freedom in politics along with equality that will ultimately accounts for over-concentration of power and wealth that will impose challenging threats to political freedom. However, literature shows that democracy tends to promote equality and distribution of power, which it consider significant for protecting liberty, particularly in context of active democracy. It is because new liberalism emphasize on public participation’s in decision making processes of the state5. Central objective of new liberalist revolves around freedom of citizens, but unlike economic and classical liberal they specifically focus to eliminate poverty, hunger, bad health, disability, illiteracy and unemployment from the society as these problems are getting worst. Researchers have found that the British Liberal Democrats are studied as followers of new liberalism. Further, it has been observed that the developmental progress of new liberalism
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Britain being a democratic country has a prolonged history of social welfare policies and strategies. The country has extensive social welfare policies to cater to the well being of its citizen and communities.
Democracy is defined as a government ruled by the people; it is a form of government where the supreme power is vested on the people and exercised directly by them or by a representative who is elected through the free electoral system (Dictionary.com, 2011).
In their German ideology, they argued that philosophy had a tendency of turning reality upside down hence distorting external reality. They argued peoples perceptions are filtered through economic and material lenses hence “ideas and beliefs symbolize our economic class relations and experiences that we have with others in society” (Morrison, 2006 p.
The fate of women was that they had to be always dependent on men to support them financially. Accordingly, the education provided to girls was aimed at making them good housewives. The exception was in the case of upper middle class girls who were provided education that made them fit for entering the professions (Dawtrey & Holland, 1995).
As more and more people live longer and the Baby Boomers enter their golden years, the number of elderly is on the increase. Indeed, the percentage of Americans over the age of 65 is quickly growing, accounting for over 22 percent of the population by 2030, with the majority of those in this age group being over 85.
The main analytical tools are based on the historical-institutionalist approach with an emphasis on both how the state controlled and regulated the voluntary sector through institutional adaptations, and how the voluntary sector opted to react through exit, loyalty and voice in response to state intervention.
Social policies directly or indirectly influence all sphere of one’s social life and moreover every individual being conscious or not, gets involved in some sorts of social welfare activities. Furthermore, as
The health care system of the United States of America is one of the most complicated and advanced systems in the world. It is made up of many organizations including physician offices, individual hospitals, medical centers, freestanding emergency care facilities, public health agencies, and others, which together comprise the health system.
It ensures that rather than having said amenities acquired at the national level its acquisition spreads on an international level so that sustainability is a more likely eventuality. In the event that policy issues are solved on a global basis,
The paper explores the efforts carried out by government agencies such as Department of Juvenile Justice to tackle the problem of indigenous youth over-representation in the juvenile justice system. The practice models employed to tackle the disproportionate contact of indigenous juvenile youth include community organizing and crisis intervention.
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