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(business)Minimum Wage - Essay Example

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Fundamental rights include what is basic to each individual i.e. the right to life, equality and freedom. The CANADA was primarily set up as a union of states to embrace a stronger region through economic integration, morals and principles; however the question of fundamental human rights has always escaped the equation and left to the domestic nations' adherence to international documents, such as the Canadian Bill of Rights and UNDHR…
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Download file to see previous pages Peter Jones in Rights contrasted the difference between natural and human rights1. The concept of natural rights is tied up in the idea where the citizens gave up to the governing body for the good of law and order and in return the governments protected and upheld within the law, i.e., Constitutions. Therefore the argument of natural rights has now become so diluted that it is no longer an effective model.
Human Rights as theory admits from the outset they are intangible and not from nature, therefore one cannot empirically observe or measure them, as Margaret MacDonald2 criticized the argument from nature. Human rights, as described by Jones, are prescribed by the fact of being human and part of humanity3. It picks up on the egalitarian theory of equality, whereby human beings are equal and therefore are afforded these basic rights. The arguments for these rights come from arguments, such as self-evidence, human worth and moral worth.
The basis of the core rights theorists is the work of Immanuel Kant. ...
How does Kant argue that this is an all-encompassing ethic outside of societal conventions, without the aid of a divine being Kant argues that it is the individual's ability to reason and autonomous will that is the basis of his a priori argument. Shestack5 describes the basis of Kant's argument as; 'rights then flow from the autonomy of the individual in choosing his and her ends, consistent with a similar freedom for all... In short, Kant's imperative is that the central focus of morality is 'personhood', namely the capacity to take responsibility as a free and rational agent for one's system of ends'.6 This ethic was one of the most influential arguments for universal human rights, in response to Nazism, eugenics and ethnic cleansing, which can be illustrated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights with words such as inherent, inalienable and equality applied to rights and the basis of these rights are the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in world. Kant's theory is the basis of the core theorists and has been very influential in the drafting of the 20th Century human rights treaties and legislation. However how do we measure what should be included in these universal rights The answer to this question is at the heart of this discussion for the international treaties and human rights legislation does not seem to be meeting the needs to fulfil Kant's ethic as Evans argued modern human rights law is too legalistic. This is a core rights theory, which purports these rights transcend statehood therefore automatically requiring the state to extend these rights to all individuals and arguably future generations.
Rawl's, on the other hand, in his thesis for engendering human rights states that justice7 is the prime basis of all ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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Minimum Wage

...also seems to be illogical. Part-time work and full time work should be separated from each other. Minimum wage for part time work need not be the same as that of the full time. Authorities can prescribe separate norms of minimum wage with respect to part time and full time work. Moreover, separate minimum wage norms can be enforced with respect to the qualification and experience of the employees. “Abolishing the minimum wage will allow businesses to achieve greater efficiency and lower prices. Anytime you give businesses more flexibility, you will increase efficiency...
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...for business owners to cut employee benefits in an effort to offset higher payroll costs. A current study discovered statistically that when minimum wage rates increase by 20 percent, business-sponsored health care offerings to employees also decrease by four percent (NEPPC, 8). Because many business owners do not like to carry the stigma that is usually associated with social judgment for non-compliance to corporate social responsibility, they will often reduce hours of existing employees rather than slashing health care benefits (NEPPC, 8). All of these efforts are intended to prevent significant capital losses that occur when the...
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1.Critically evaluate if the National Minimum Wage (NMW) have an effect on business performance and increase reward grades

...National Minimum Wage (NMW) and the effect on business performance and increase reward grades With the introduction ofthe National minimum wage (NMW), there have numerous been debates on the validity and implication of the wage on employment. Other analysts argue that with an increase in the National Minimum Wage (NMW) there is a great likelihood that the employers will reduce the number of employees in the workplace, the working hours are also likely to lessen in the workplace, with the demand for labour in the workplace increasing on a high rate. According to Ram, et al. (pp.55), the National...
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... operates at controlled budget. As such, she ought to consider looking for volunteers, and employees who will work in the minimum wage plan of $5.15 per hour. This will aid in reducing cost and provide funds necessary to fulfill other crucial activities (Hopkins & Middlebrook, 2008). In case of expansion, Larson will face the predicament of looking for more space. As such she must look for any available space, like existing space that was once used for other activities. This may be suitable for the daycare center, with careful renovations. However, the licensing officers ought to assess the site and approve it for accommodation. This will be more cost-effective in comparison to purchasing or renting a new place. Renovations ought...
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... to the economy and it is estimated that about 140000 new jobs will be created. Thus, it can be concluded that raising the minimum wage in America is sound economic decision, in the welfare of both workers as well as the business community. REFERENCES: Cooper and Hall. “RAISING THE FEDERAL MINIMUM WAGE TO $10.10 WOULD GIVE WORKING FAMILIES, AND THE OVERALL ECONOMY A BOOST.” Economic Policy Institute; Briefing Paper 357 13 March 2013. Mincer, Jacob. “Unemployment Effects of Minimum Wages.” NBER Working Paper No. 39 May 1974. Smith, Aaron. Ikea lifting minimum wage to nearly $11 an hour. 26 June 2014. 30 June 2014 minimum-wage/>. White House. RAISE the WAGE. 2014. 30 June 2014 wage>.... Minimum Wage During his of the Union...
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