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Unemployment and Recidivism - Essay Example

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Summary
This triple statement disturbs the minds of modern generation. Unfortunately, this is a difficult task to correct the mind of the criminal, but, on the other hand, an ordinary individual had once fallen down from the slippery slope and now he needs a hand of help…
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Unemployment and Recidivism
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Unemployment and Recidivism

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There is a thin border between unemployment and recidivism. No job-no money-no chance to survive…The costs and benefits of crimes can be reassessed by the ex-criminals in two different ways. On their release, ex offenders would have an opportunity to work and contribute much to their families and legitimate labor market. Moreover, this is the way to an ideal criminal justice system. In accordance with recent statistical data: “rates of recidivism necessarily rise thereafter, so that upwards of 75%–80% of released prisoners are likely to be re-arrested within a decade of release” (Gurmu, William, 2006). It cannot be argued that the modern society make ex-offenders to come full circle. It is hard to imagine that for the majority of men the doors of a prison are opening several times. To analyze why imprisonment happens and turns into recidivism, the concept of unemployment is often applied. It is appropriate to take into account theoretical and practical aspects of relationship between recidivism and unemployment. It will be argued that employment is a key decisive factor for the problem of unemployment. Background for the study Numerous researchers claim that ex-offenders have the only one decisive point for their inner release, which is employment. Why not to create a plenty of places for employment? Young adults, who do not have a constant job, are often arrested. Their actions are motivated, because these guys do not have any opportunity to feed their families and there is no doubt that these people are looking for different chances of providing their families with food. Employment and education are often correlated in a holistic unification, which reduces the number of recidivism cases. Employment quality is often compared with the levels of recidivism. Lockwood et al (2012) in their study found out that the level of employment in early adulthood is a perfect option to reduce criminal behavior afterwards. On the one hand, there is a clear connection between money and a potential criminal behavior. Nevertheless, social conditions of life of a potential offender cannot be denied too. For example, when a child leaves with his/her parents in the family, which has no money, then a child subconsciously wants to earn more in order to live the rest of his life in better conditions. Therefore, it is evident that a good job is one of the main interests in life for almost all members of the society. Job stability is important for crime desistance and we can see that social issues and the issues of criminology are perfectly correlated. It is obvious that ex-offenders should not be offered a job, they should be offered a stable job and there is no doubt about that. Employment opportunities and different programs, which are focused on effective employment, should not neglect the interests of ex-offenders. Scott (2010) in his research goes even further and underlines that “human capital development (jobs and job skills)” bring more positive results than mere punitive interventions” (Scott, 2010). We can suggest that employment programs with the core sociological issues are very important for current ex criminals. These people need not only money, but support and understanding. It is evident that their families are on the way of looking for better lives and there is no doubt that their help and support together with disposing employment programs, developed for the ex offenders, can create a stable basis for ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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