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Legalizing Marijuana - Essay Example

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Although marijuana happens to be one of the main growing industries, presently, it is only legal for specific medical purposes. Within the United States, there are a number of issues regarding the drug epidemic, which individuals engage in with the use of marijuana amongst other hard drugs being an all-time high (Morgan, 2010). …
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Download file to see previous pages Consequently, a large amount of actions intended in legalizing marijuana use has been gaining momentum in the recent past, with a huge number of people contending for its legalization. This is because, if the United States legalizes the use of marijuana, it will make an enormous sum of dollars in terms of taxes, while, at the same time, save billions of dollars in the legal system. However, there are others who have concerns with the issues of health, damages, as well as challenging effects caused by marijuana. The aim of attempting to legalize marijuana was to assist and express views, along with ideas of individuals; therefore, the Federal Government, together with other lawmakers must permit every individual to air their thoughts concerning the legalization of marijuana. Apparently, there are an enormous number of cancer patients, who can be beneficiaries of marijuana, while it could be harmful to other individuals coming in contact with it. Therefore, in order to decide whether it is necessary to legalize marijuana or not, it is essential to explore the following ethical theories, which will necessitate the decision making process. The majority of ethical theories get involved with what is right or opportune; in most cases, they attempt to establish this by applying rules, which seem to fit with results that we mostly find as being "good". Ethical theories, along with principles tend to be the basis of ethical analysis since they are the perceptions from which guidance is obtainable along the way to a decision (Banks, 2004). Although every theory emphasizes distinctive points like predicting the result and following one's responsibilities to others so as to arrive at an ethically correct decision, for any ethical theory to turn out to be significant, the theory should be directed to a common, established goal. Therefore, ethical principles are those common aims that every theory attempts to achieve so as to be successful. These aims include beneficence that steers the ethical theory to carrying out what is acceptable least harm whereby a person must choose to do that which has the least harm possible thereby harming the fewest people; respect for autonomy, whereby an ethical theory should permit people to control themselves, thereby being able to decide what is applicable to their lives; and finally, justice, whereby ethical theories must prescribe actions, which are fair to those included. Each ethical theory emphasizes on different facets of an ethical dilemma, thereby heading to the most ethically acceptable resolution in accordance to the guidelines in the ethical theory itself (Banks, 2004). There are numerous ethical theories, but in this essay, we shall look at deontology, utilitarianism and virtue, then go ahead to decide, which of these ethical theories supports the legalization of marijuana. 1. Utilitarianism: This theory has its foundation on the ability of predicting the outcomes of an action; therefore, to a utilitarian, the option yielding the greatest gain to the majority of people happens to be an option that is ethically correct. This ethical theory has a number of benefits; one of them is that the utilitarian is capable of comparing similar predicted solutions, while using a point system in determining which option happens to be more advantageous for more people. According to this point system, there is a logical, together with rationale argument for every decision, thereby permitting a person to utilize it on the context of a case-by-case perspective. Utilitarianism has two divisions: act utilitarianism, together with rule utilitarianism. When it comes to act utilitarianis ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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