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V Reality TV and Goffman - Essay Example

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V REALITY TV and GOFFMAN" Introduction Mass media has emerged as one of the biggest means to convey messages that reach wide range of audience across the world. During initial stages of human civilization, verbal messaging was the only means of communication but gradually written messaging came in existence and now the technology has advanced to the premier stages where communication across the globe is just seconds/ click away…
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V Reality TV and Goffman
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V Reality TV and Goffman

Download file to see previous pages... According to Gerbner, (1994) "People think of television as programs, but television is more than that; television is a mythology-highly connected, repeated every day so that the themes that run through all programming and news have the effect of cultivating conceptions of reality". Postman (1985) states television as "a specially constructed information system whose purpose is to influence, teach train or cultivate the mind and character of youth". In the present epoch, Reality TV has taken diverse features, from exploration, adventures, cooking, dating, performing, to sequence or sub-genres. In reality shows people are being observed by huge audience in their natural forms and they behave in their natural manner without being camera conscious. In such shows the camera is right in front of the performer but they behave as if they are not aware about the presence of camera. Considering the significance of cultivation theory, numerous viewers watch the show and individual perception and social interaction in general are being interpreted by the people (Gerbner, 1994). People watch TV without giving a thought what they are watching and therefore they are under a jeopardy of getting misinformation. Reality shows do not have any basis about the gain audience is deriving, how far such shows are supporting the audience in enhancing their knowledge, remains unclear. American culture is highly influenced by the Reality Shows but it is imperative to understand if it is worth watching? Such behaviour could be explained with the help of technological determinism and cultivation theory and this requires an understanding for social interaction theory. According to Littlejohn (1983), social interaction occurs when "one person is doing something in view of another, a social interaction is taking place" (Littlejohn, 1983). Social interaction, a highly complicated method, is a trend that is very complicated to explain, Erving Goffman's Dramaturgy explained social interaction theory as. "All the world's a stage, and all the men and women merely players. They have their exits and their entrances, and one man in his time plays many parts..." According to this theory, day-to-day interaction necessitates individuals to represent significance of the interaction and to generate an impression of self in minds of others, thereby developing curiosity in the mass to know what is going to be the next. People act in reality shows in context of frame. In order to study the interaction, one in the presence of audience and other at the backstage. Thus, two emerging concepts to understand were given by Dramaturgy: Impression management and stage settings. The concept of impression management is defined by Wood (2000) as - "...the process of managing setting, words, nonverbal communication, and dress in an effort to create a particular image of individuals and situations" and is quick to point out that "...our efforts to create and project certain impressions may be either highly calculated or unintentional". There is a difference between sincere and cynical performer. What is observed by the audience is recorded in camera as front stage while behind the camera is the backstage life. The camera influences the behavior of people in everyday situations and also when performing or interacting in ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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