Comparison of the Social Sciences: Name: Institution: Research shows that there are a considerable number of similarities within the social sciences sociology, psychology and anthropology with a few distinguishing factors. There are various ways to examine these similarities…
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Similarities of these sciences are evident right from description. For instance, Anthropology deals with mans groupings and doings in relation to past precedents. Studying the past of man involves studying pre-historic man and linguistics. Psychology examines mental processes to determine the behavior of man. This includes the study of genetics and socio-cultural settings. Sociology focuses on social institutions, social stratification and the resulting relationships of humans. As such, the similarities between psychology, sociology and anthropology emerge, in summary all three disciplines focus on studying human beings in their settings (Shepard, 2009). The main areas of study covered by all the three disciplines include, society and the way society affects human behaviour. This area also includes aspects of society such as religion, culture and social stratification. The environment in which man thrives provides a basis for establishing the various elements and theories of the social sciences. Environment refers to the socio-cultural setting of an individual which is a common area of study for these three disciplines. Cultural anthropology studies the material and non material culture of a people in the past and tries to link the results to the current life of man. In the same way, cross cultural psychology examines the perceived evolution of man through their behaviors such as grieving and expression of joy cutting across cultures in the past and modern times (Leonardo,2004). Religion determines many aspects of the human life. For anthropology, religious study emerges in the socio-cultural organization of a people. Sometimes anthropologists through archeology deduce a religion through physical aspects such as the architecture of a region. When one studies the architecture of Asia for instance, the influence of the Buddhist religion is evident in the structure of the buildings. Sociology deduces social stratification through religion For instance, some religions such as Islam emphasis the dominance of men over women. In light of this, men will take most of the leadership positions in the social settings (Billiet, 2001). These forms of bias play a dominant role in shaping the behavior of individuals. When it comes to deducing behavior, both sociology and psychology may utilize the suicide approach. This approach, suggested by sociologist Emile Durkheim, defines the harm that comes from adopting change in the form of religion. He studied the rates of suicide among Protestants and Catholics. He established that rates of suicide are higher among Protestants than Catholics. He supported his findings by claiming that since Catholicism was a social religion, people who belonged to it felt less distressed than those who conformed to other religions. On the other hand, Protestants were more individualistic, and this went against the social nature of man and hence the higher suicide rates. Psychologists, therefore, draw the conclusion that man is a social being. This study also reflects on the dangers of capitalism and communism. As such, sociologists deduce the negative results of adapting capitalism. All in all the result is that, through religion, these disciplines are able to deduce the behavior of humans from individual and social settings (Edles, 2008). Still on areas of study, there is the study of aspects of human anatomy cutting across these disciplines. Previously, this field belonged to medical sciences
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“Comparison of the Social Sciences Research Paper - 1”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1453287-comparison-of-the-social-sciences.
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