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Relevance of Tocqueville democracy in America - Essay Example

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Relevance of Tocqueville Democracy in America Though there are many definitions of democracy, democracy generally refers to an egalitarian mode of governance where unity in public policy and legislation calls for equality among the qualified citizens. Indeed, democracy is more of a practice than a belief…
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Relevance of Tocqueville democracy in America
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Download file to see previous pages In fact, it is already cropping up in the Middle East and Africa (Resnick, 1997, p. 1-3). Parliamentary democracy, which allows citizens to make national opinions through parliamentary elections and voting systems, is the most modern form of democracy. Many countries in the world practice parliamentary democracy with an exception of a few which have in recent times faced rampant revolutions as the world calls for democratic rights. The synonymous attributes of democracy are equality and freedom where all are equal in law and sovereignty is supreme in any nation. Many theories, studies, and research characterize the definitions and explanations to the history, existence, and development of democracy from the ancient times to the twenty first century. Theorists and sociologists like Max Webber, Karl Max, Joseph Schumpter, Vilfredo Pareto, and others explain the emergence, importance, and even the flaws of democracy. Ideally, democratic nations find value in developing their nation, educating their children, living in peace with their neighbors, deter aggression, and realize economic and social wealth. The United States of America is one of the most democratic nations in the world. Actually, the respects for human rights and democracy are the core values of U.S foreign policy. As such, America not only uses democracy for its national benefits but also seeks to instill democracy in other nations (U.S Department of State, 2012, p.1). In an effort to analyze democracy in America, Tocqueville ventured in a study, Democracy in America written from 1835 to 1840. In doing this study, he traced his experience from the failed attempts of democracy in his native France. He sought to establish the democratic language in U.S and his works were very significant in that the book contains topics that feature in modern democracy like religion, race, class, money, and governance. He aimed at analyzing the functioning of the American political system, civil societies, and their interrelations in comparison with the rest of society and the Europe. In his study, he concludes that American democracy entails Love of equality, individualism, absence of cultures, significance of free association, and tyranny of the majority. More fundamental, he made democratic predictions that have happened in the twenty first century as the divisions in United States over the abolition of slavery, which actually took place in the American Civil War. He also predicted the rise of U.S and Russia as rival superpowers, which actually took place after the Second World War. In addition, he predicted that an industrial aristocracy would rise from the ownership of labor, a fact that stands out in the recent times. He hoped to determine the merits and demerits of the American democracy for purposes of reinforcing the merits and addressing the demerits (Morgan, 2006, p.1). However, his study has faced a lot of criticism from fellow and modern academicians, theorists, and sociologists. All the critics lead to the conclusion that Tocqueville study on Democracy in America contains little relevance to the study of democracy in the twenty first century. To criticize his assertions, they have considerably pegged their arguments, observations, and assumptions on various factors including inconsistencies, lack of clarity, rhetoric, contradictions, and the ineffective democratic language characterized in his Democracy in Amer ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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