The Dynamics of the Material and Ideological Conditions in Society - Essay Example

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The thesis of this paper is that the materialist and ideological ways of interpreting society are both correct and inadequate. And in order to fill up the inadequacy, one has to take into consideration the point of view of the other side. This is the only way to see the whole. …
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The Dynamics of the Material and Ideological Conditions in Society
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Download file to see previous pages The second part will analyze society in terms of ideology using the classic work of Theodore Roszak “Where the Wasteland Ends”. After this, we would tie the two interpretations of social reality together to see how they complement. In the end we will come up with a fuller view and a larger perspective of social reality which is dynamic and continually in motion. II. The Materialist Interpretation of Jeremy Rifkin In his book, The End of Work, Jeremy Rifkin elaborates on the issues confronting modern society and the contradictions that society is heading towards (Rifkin, 1995). He articulates clearly how modern capitalist competition has developed as economic production pressured by cutthroat competition directed the corporations to invent technologies for wide-scale and intensive mass production. Driven by the compulsion to growth and by the fear of bankruptcy, technological development has been the name of the game. The one who wins in the battle for creating the best technology which can produce the most commodities becomes a monopoly while the rest are reduced to poverty. Rifkin demonstrates how high technology has replaced human labour at the cost and expense of increasing poverty, joblessness, social inequality and social violence. Machines multiply human labour from a thousand times to a million times and, thus, in the end, massive layoffs are being done all over the world as human labour becomes increasingly useless. Thus, we enter into a world where machines are more expensive and important than human lives. In the endless pursuit of profit, the goal of corporations is to invent better machines who can replace the work of people; so they can decrease the costs...
As the paper stresses in the physical sciences, as in the social sciences, we say that the whole is not equal to the sum of its parts. Analyzing society from a purely materialist point of view, starting with economic production, exchange and distribution, is only a partial way of analyzing society. In the same vein, analyzing society only from a purely ideological, cultural, inter-subjective and phenomenological perspective is enlightening but it will be lacking in the concrete institutional manifestations in the field of economy and politics. The way to give a more complete picture of society is to analyze society from both points of view and to see the dynamics of the whole. By looking at how the materialist and ideological perspectives intersect and mutually complement each other, we can have a picture of a living and dynamic society-not comparable to the mechanism of the clock but comparable to the dynamics of a living organism.
This paper declares that machines multiply human labour from a thousand times to a million times and, thus, in the end, massive layoffs are being done all over the world as human labour becomes increasingly useless. Thus, we enter into a world where machines are more expensive and important than human lives. In the endless pursuit of profit, the goal of corporations is to invent better machines who can replace the work of people; so they can decrease the costs of paying the workers while increasing productivity and, therefore, profits. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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