Nobody downloaded yet

The Internal and External and Factors That Shaped the Collapse of the Soviet Union - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The Soviet Union emerged out of the turbulent World War One as a revolutionary pariah state that soon evolved with rapid speed into a military giant with enormous influence beyond it boarders; an ideological model with conceivably secure and stable economy emulated by more than a third of the world’s population , at least for a time in history…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.7% of users find it useful
The Internal and External and Factors That Shaped the Collapse of the Soviet Union
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"The Internal and External and Factors That Shaped the Collapse of the Soviet Union"

Download file to see previous pages Instinctively, the swift collapse of the Soviet polity caught many by surprise. As it was then, the astonishing fragmentation divides scholars right in the middle with little consensus over the triggering bullets. The dominant perspective point fingers at the American massive spending and the moral clarity under Ronald Regan as economically and ideologically bankrupting to the communist planned economy. On the flip side, the deterministic view argues that the collapse of the Soviet Republic was an inevitable occurrence due to the intrinsic inbuilt contractions of its managerial economics. But, what exactly were the real causes of the USSR disintegration? This paper examines the long-standing structural dynamics as well as the short term political catalysts behind the deterioration and the subsequent collapse of the hitherto well regarded Soviet empire. The stunning disintegration of the Soviet Union in 1991 is often heralded by most academics from the West as a triumphant victory of democracy and capitalism, as though the occurrence was a direct outcome of the combined Reagan -Thatcher ideological missiles. While this analytical stance may look somewhat self-congratulatory relative to the measurable facts, circumstantial evidence of the internal political dynamics of the Soviet state itself and its relations with the outside world tend to heighten affirmation of the same. Valerie Bunce concurs “the collapse of communism was not only abrupt, but inevitably long in the making”, and that the short term factors only provided fodder to the long term structural factors (p.xi). To begin with, the collapse of the Soviet Union was much a consequential effect of poor managerial aspects of the political system. According to the Marxist-Leninist ideology, the Communist Party was the vanguard of the proletariat. As such, its control of the political system was supreme, unquestionable and more so totalitarian; the party monopolized management of the state resources as well as all the undertakings of the society on behalf of the “universal, working class”-a multi-faceted ideological, conditional decorum of the communist system, at least at the expectation level. In practice, however, the party was firmly under the stewardship of a unique socio-political stratum namely the ‘nomenklatura’; the privileged party bureaucrats with preferential access to the state resources (McCauley, 2001, p. 86). With political legitimacy hinging on the ideological principles of the Marxist-Leninist canon underpinned by the coercive terror engineered by Stalin and operated through the security forces, the system “manufactured” leaders appropriate to it. So buttressed by sweet fear and intimidation that the subsequent leadership, those who disliked Stalin’s commanding tone included, could not quite disassociate with the world Stalin had created; yet a tone that upheld the system. Before Gorbachev’s initiation of perestroika in 1985, successive leadership beginning with Nikita Khrushchev-the immediate Stalin’s successor, made numerous changes to the system. With gradual ‘abandonment of mass political terror’, the subsequent regimes basically lost the original Stalinist control grips on society (Dallin and Lapidise 1995, p. 675). The consequential effect was an individualistic retreat into long-term cultural transformations that further weakened the founding principles of the Soviet system. Despite of the upsurge ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“The Internal and External and Factors That Shaped the Collapse of the Essay”, n.d.)
The Internal and External and Factors That Shaped the Collapse of the Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1464720-what-were-the-causes-of-the-collapse-of-the-soviet
(The Internal and External and Factors That Shaped the Collapse of the Essay)
The Internal and External and Factors That Shaped the Collapse of the Essay. https://studentshare.org/history/1464720-what-were-the-causes-of-the-collapse-of-the-soviet.
“The Internal and External and Factors That Shaped the Collapse of the Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1464720-what-were-the-causes-of-the-collapse-of-the-soviet.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
External/Internal Factors
For AIG, internal factors of influence involve organizational culture and strategic decision-making, company’s vision and mission, staff relations and customer relations, etc. insurance industry is influenced by technological
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
When and why did the Sinatra Doctrine replace the Brezhnev Doctrine in Soviet policy towards East-Central Europe
Sinatra Doctrine came into effect with the demise of Brezhnev doctrine. This phase was used for the first time by foreign ministry spokesman Gennadi Gerasimov on 25th October 1989. (Los Angeles Times, 1989) The name came as a joke from the Frank Sinatra song "My way".
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Democratization in Russia after the collapse of Soviet Union
It also has a strong state control that affects the transitional process and affects present developments. Another factor that may have contributed to the difficulties experienced in transition was the
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Internal and External Factors
Effectiveness and efficiency of an organization are critical to the success of any given enterprise. In this respect, the primary functions of management include planning, organizing, leading, and
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Internal and External Factors
These functions are broadly categorized as forecasting, arranging, directing and scheming. Planning is the determination of courses of future actions and considerations of how best they can be done. Organizing is about arranging factors of operations and structures, in a manner that will bring about achievement of the goals that were set at the planning phase.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Why did the Soviet Union collapse
The Soviet Union underwent a rapid collapse in the late twentieth century which was inevitable due to the policies and conditions that Russia was undergoing in these times. After the World War II the Soviet Union turned out to be a super power which was becoming a threat for the United States
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Collapse of the Soviet Union
as the power ruling the world from the East was always at loggerheads with the United States, which was the power from the West and it was only the collapse of the Soviet Union that would make the US the only superpower in the world. This has made different countries to accuse
10 Pages(2500 words)Term Paper
End of Cold War and Collapse of Soviet Union
War it twice used force to repress popular political movements and maintain uniformity In what ways did the "New Political Thinking" of Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev mark a radical break from the past, and how did this departure influence events in Eastern Europe Why did the Soviet Union peacefully allow the members of the Warsaw Pact the right to choose their own future and sociopolitical system What was happening in CEE in the 1980s that had an impact on the thinking of Gorbachev and other key figures involved in Soviet policy formation, leading them to abandon CEE and, in so doing, facilitate the collapse of communism This research will examine the relevant events of the lat
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Corporate Social Responsibility External and Internal Factors
Zu, L.  mentions that corporate social responsibility is an integration of companies social and environmental concerns in their business operations and in their interaction with their stakeholders on a voluntary basis. It is further stated that CSR can result in wide range of stakeholder reactions including political action, purchase decisions, and investment decision.
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Tools of Managerial Economics

As a result, the economic analysis and appropriate managerial solutions are found to be quite similar.

One of the most distinctive features of the New Economy is the importance of the scale and scope of economies. A prime focus now is on the concept and viability of ‘scalability’ - the degree to which the total scale and scope of the business can be increased without a corresponding increase in costs (Mankiw, 2006).   

4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic The Internal and External and Factors That Shaped the Collapse of the Soviet Union for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us