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Position for Criminal Justice Class - Term Paper Example

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Name: Course: Date: Position paper for criminal justice class The definition of a victim is an essential aspect of the law. A victim is defined as a person or the party that suffers from a destructive or injurious action of others (Gary, 62). This definition however, is dependent on other factors, when it comes to law…
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Download file to see previous pages There is a greater degree of differing on the definition of the term victim in different aspects of the law. However, there are some basic factors that are essential to this definition. If the injury caused to the individual or the party offended is adequate, then the term victim can be used to refer to them. Proximate cause of the injury is a factor that needs to be observed when defining the affected individuals as either victims or not. There is an absence of victim definition in some laws. The absence of victim definition in law is a major flaw, more so in the administration of justice (Martha, 529). It is difficult to give any substantial judgment based on an undefined terminology. This is so because; it makes the judgments given lack consistency and adequate guidance. The issue of victim involvement in cases has been on the limelight since the 1970s. As to whether victims should be allowed to testify at sentencing and receive money or restitution from offenders is a controversial issue. Victims were not substantially considered in the justice system until the 1970s. The justice system only featured the judge, the prosecutor and the offender (Gary, 74). This aspect made the victims of crimes feel left out and have an attitude that the perpetrators of criminal activities against them were advantageous and more valued than did the victims. This fact made the victims distance themselves so much from the justice system, such that the prosecutors had a difficult time persuading the victims to testify in cases involving them (Andrew, 23). While the defendants or the offenders have several rights entrenched in the laws to safeguard against their exploitation by the justice system, not much has been done regarding the issues of the victim. A large percentage of the victims are dissatisfied with the justice system (Michael, 42). Therefore, the issue of allowing the victims to testify at sentencing of an offender is of paramount interest to the victims. This is because, they can get an opportunity to influence the direction that sentencing takes. Getting restitution or receiving money is another important aspect in the victims legal process, as they need to be compensated for the damages and injuries caused to them by the offenders. However, this is dependent on the nature of the injury and the extent of victim’s involvement in the injurious activity. In-court impact statement The involvement of the victim to testify at the sentencing of the offende ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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