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Crime - Research Paper Example

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(Name) (Professor) (Course) 15 June 2013 Policy Research on Crime: In the lights of Functionalism, Conflict Sociology, and Symbolic Interaction Theories Crime and criminal justice delivery had been a phenomenal problem in years affecting not only a particular country or particular society but every community globally…
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Download file to see previous pages... Different literature and academic materials will be gathered and evaluated for this study that will look into their relevance to the subject matter. This paper will examine crime as an issue with relevance to public policy making considering different theories, such as functionalism, conflict sociology, and symbolic interaction. Functionalism is the idea that for a society to survive, it must fulfill certain basic functions which include economic, political and social and that the parts and structures of society is interrelated and in harmony with one another while conflict sociology is based on the premise that society is ever changing in response to social inequality and conflict over resources, interest and values. Unlike previous two theories, symbolic interaction focus on the changes in social processes such as the participation of people in patterns of behavior and their judgments on their own and on other people’s behavior (“Criminology”). Different countries and societies worldwide adopt different polices on crime, its prevention and the criminal justice system. On the study of Goff, Esptein and Reddy on the impact of cross-deputization policy on crime prevention in which the policy enabled the local police officers to handle federal immigration issues and give the responsibility of verifying the citizenship of any civilian as well as taking the actions thereon such as to target undocumented immigrants for deportation. The premise is that undocumented immigrants represents unlawful group and that they significantly contributes to crime as compared with legal immigrants and locals. Results showed that enacting this policy will reduce the perception of residents to the legitimacy of law enforcement and the desire to report crime since they perceived the unfairness of the law enforcement through enactment of a biased policy (250 -252). Another study on the crime policies is evident in the street crime initiative policy that was launched in England and Wales which aimed at reducing robbery and other street crimes rising at that time. This policy was also delivered in other regions than England and Wales. Results showed that the policy is effective in some areas and not so effective in others. Factors affecting the effectiveness of the policy depend on who is delivering the policy and how they view the problem (Smith et al. 984-989). On the same paper, the issue of anti-social behavior and the use of the anti-social behavior orders (ASBOs) as a policy approach to address the issue, that anti-social persons would most like commit crimes or conceptualize it, was tackled. There is an evident difficulty in delivering this policy as it is much diffused and needed a greater involvement among government agencies (994). In general, the two policies relating to crime prevention, suggest that delivery and success of these policies depends on the community it was being implemented, the relationship of the agency to the central authority, and the perspective of the enforcers on the issue. In the study of tough on crime policies in Canada, results showed that there is no need for the implementation of these policies because the crime in the country is in fact ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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