Nobody downloaded yet

CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM - Term Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
America is comprised of people from different racial and ethnic backgrounds especially as a result of slavery and massive European immigration. The races consist of the Native Americans, whites, Hispanics, Latinos and African Americans. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.8% of users find it useful
CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM"

Download file to see previous pages The Latinos are of Spanish origin and are immigrants while the African Americans originated from slavery. As a result of the mixed races, there are a lot of allegations of racism in all aspects of the lives of the Americans. Racial discrimination in the criminal justice system is therefore apparent and has been blamed for the rising number of young black males in prison and jails as compared to their white counterparts. For example, by 2002 10.4% of black males ages 25-29 were in prison and more than one in every four black men are expected to be incarcerated in state or federal prison at some point in their life time (Rennison, 2003). The same report indicates that 45% of all inmates at the end of 2002 were black, 34% white and 18% Hispanic. According to Bonczar & Allen (1997), the likelihood of incarceration is related to race. The likelihood is higher for African Americans with 16.2% compared to the whites whose likelihood is 2.5%. This shows the extent of discrimination that exists in the American judicial system. However, it is difficult to proof the existence of racial discrimination as it may occur during police arrests or during judicial process. There are also various factors that determine who is involved in crime which affects the rate of crime for different racial and ethnic groups. Some may get involved in crime for personal gains and to reduce pain caused by inequalities and other factors, some engage in crime due to sociological, psychological and biological factors, substance abuse among others hence commit different offenses which are dealt with differently depending on severity of harm caused. However, since the colonial times during slavery, the blacks tend to be given stiffer penalties as compared to the whites due to laws in place such as Jim crow laws and laws to curb war on drugs which prescribe severe punishment for the blacks who are involved in crack drugs rather that powder drugs which are specialty of the whites (Siegel, 2009). The paper will explore the reasons why black men age 25-29 are so much likely in jail as compared to people of white or Latino descent. Factors Associated with who Gets Involved in Crime There are many theories that try to explain why people engage in criminal behavior and the kind of punishment they deserve for such acts. The strain theory indicates that people engage in crime to reduce or run away from stressful situations (Banks, 2004). The black people are associated with low socio- economic status; their standards of living are poor, lack employment, low income and poverty and lack social status or respect from the middle class and the rich whites. As a result, the black people especially the young who are unemployed engage in criminal behavior such as violence, assault, and robbery to ascertain their position in society. This helps them to accomplish their goal of gaining respect. They also desire to be rich so as to be equal with their white counterparts hence engage in crime. The young black men are also prone to childhood neglect and abuse hence turn to crime to cope with stressful situations. For example, they can engage in violent behavior to avert anger. The classical theorists on the other hand argue that people engage in criminal acts at free will. According to Siegel (2009), individuals are rational and always act to maximize pleasure and reduce pain. If the suspects perceive that the gains from crime are more than the cost or punishment, they would act rationally and hence commit crime. The black young men have more to gain from crime than their fellow whites. Due to racial disparities, the blacks are considered inferior and unintelligent hence lack respect from the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1422876-why-black-men-age
(CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words)
https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1422876-why-black-men-age.
“CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1422876-why-black-men-age.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM

Criminal justice system

...? Criminal Justice System Criminal Justice System Introduction Criminal justice system encompass a chain of events, activities, functions, and tasks constituting official measures taken by different governmental and non-governmental organizations in maintaining order and law. Crime justice systems ensure peaceful coexistence in a society. In most cases, criminal justice system includes various concepts such as preventing and reducing crime, arresting and prosecuting law breakers, the procedure of hearing...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Criminal Justice System

...? Research Design I.D. Number: Term and Year Criminal Justice System Introduction The criminal justice system is the cohort of processes, agencies, and codes established by the governing authorities to control transgressions of law and enforce penalties on the persons who breach laws. In USA, there is no solitary criminal justice framework but rather numerous similar but distinct systems work together. The working of the criminal justice systems in the different areas depends on the authority that is in control: metropolitan, district,...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Criminal Justice System Structure

... Topic: “Criminal Justice SystemCriminal Justice System in a Glance: The criminal justice system in a country is a combination of all the law enforcement agencies that supports all the criminal justice functions. The criminal justice departments are comprised of several governing bodies such as law enforcement bodies, law courts, correctional institutions and other departments that are linked with criminal justice functions (Friedman, 1993). The main aim behind establishing a...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Criminal Justice System

...? Criminal Justice System Criminal Justice System Media and Criminal Justice System Media plays a major role in the criminal justice system, sometimes it benefits the system and in several cases it has even affected the system in a negative manner. Media plays a role of being a sword that can hurt or benefit either the defendant or the victim or it can benefit both at the same time or impact negatively. Victim’s counselor should understand the weaknesses and the strengths of the media in order to help the victims understand the importance of using media in the criminal trial and they should even guide them while they interact with media about their case. Victims have been able to gain a lot of sympathy when they discuss their case... ...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

The Criminal Justice System

...? Criminal Justice System The Criminal Justice System College There is a vast difference between traditional policing that were followed some decades ago in U.S.A as that of community policing that is being practiced now . Further, American legal system is confronted with the diversity issues as America is a nation of immigrants and has a good chunk of minority population. Further , there arise legal confront between congressional power to legislate and the Supreme Court of U.S.A finding some legislation infringing the rights granted under the constitution, and this has resulted in legal issues. In this research essay, I...
10 Pages(2500 words)Term Paper

The Criminal Justice System

...The Criminal Justice System The four fundamental elements for a planned change include improving the means for the satisfaction of the members’ economic needs, increasing profitability, promoting human work for the human beings, and contributing to social welfare and individual satisfaction. The criminal justice system is just like a normal organization and is not exceptional to change. Example of changes that can be introduced in the criminal justice system is the introduction or adoption of modern technologies such as the Information Technology. The world has gone high-tech and almost...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Cubas' Criminal Justice System

...the notion that when an economic system relies heavily on tourism, it is prudent that the government take an active role in law enforcement and the facilitation of safety for its citizens and all who visit this nation (Traveling to Cuba, http://mediastudy.com/articles/bdcuba2.html). The Cuban criminal justice system The current day criminal justice system in Cuba represents an eclectic blend of elements from the key predominant influences throughout the course of the history of Cuba. These influences date back to the time when sovereignty of Cuba resided with the Spaniards, was later transferred to the Americans and...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

US Criminal Justice System

... US Criminal Justice System The US Criminal Justice System consists of two tiers- the state courts and the federal courts. States are free to provide their citizens with freedoms as long as they do not contradict any constitutional rights (Tarr, 1998). The founding fathers established this system of division of the two courts and had this system not existed, the state of the country and its criminal justice system would be much different today. Federal courts have control over matters like military, foreign affairs, and money. Other laws such as...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

The Criminal Justice System

...The Criminal Justice System What Crime Is Crime can be defined in different ways, its different s to great debate. Some quarters define crime as an unlawful act for which a party can be punished by the state (Farmer 2008). Other quarters noted that crime is an act that is harmful to an individual, community, or the state. Yet again, others define crime as anything that an applicable law defines to be criminal in nature (Farmer 2008). Considering the various definitions posted above, it is evident that crime is forbidden and attracts punishment as stipulated in the law. Some of the activities that are unacceptable throughout the world and therefore fall within the...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Criminal Justice System

... Criminal justice is the control of crime or its minimization through imposing criminal penalties and rehabilitation for the commission of crime. For crime to get controlled, a state puts up a criminal justice system to effectively cover all the different areas of crime; which may include: court system, prosecution, and police, among others. Those accused of committing a crime are regarded innocent, till proven guilty; they therefore are under protection of any form of mistreatment by the police or prosecution. In this essay, focus will be on various spheres of criminal justice and their effect on future professionals. I can describe criminal justice, generally as a collapse and disappointment from what we expect of it. In areas... is...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Term Paper on topic CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM for FREE!

Contact Us