Approaches to Qualitative and Quantitativethe Interview - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
APPROACHES TO QUALITATITIVE AND QUANTITATIVE INTERVIEWS By: Professor: University: City: Date: Introduction Social research is defined as an elaborate process that follows a clearly defined methodology to generate scientific knowledge (Gatrell, 2009, p. 110)…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.4% of users find it useful
Approaches to Qualitative and Quantitativethe Interview
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Approaches to Qualitative and Quantitativethe Interview"

Download file to see previous pages The two approaches are qualitative and quantitative interviewing. The widely defined distinction between quantitative and qualitative approaches is that quantitative approach is usually objective and uses statistics and figures while qualitative approach are subjective and relies on language and descriptions (Long, White, Friedman & Brazeal, 2000, p. 189). Although this differentiation is correct; they assert that it does not capture the different setting that the two operate. They observe that quantitative and qualitative research methods are usually based on varying epistemological and ontological assumptions shaping the research, the function of the researcher and the relationship between the researcher and the respondent. Yauch and Steudel (2003, p. 467) explains that the difference between qualitative and quantitative evident in two levels. The two are distinguished by first; the type of data collected where in quantitative data statistics are collected by use of surveys and experimentation among other techniques. On the other hand, qualitative data are words collected by use of interviews, participant observation, and focus groups discussion (Yauch and Steudel, 2003, p. 467). The second level of difference between the two methods postulates that the two are distinctive research paradigms. They argue that the focus of quantitative and qualitative research is usually different adding that the appropriateness in use of either relies on the fundamental assumption of the researcher and the characteristics of the trend being studied. In social research, interviewing is the main technique that is used to gain insights into the aspect being studied. This paper will evaluate the qualitative approaches to the interview and assess how these differ from quantitative approaches. Qualitative Research Interview There are various approaches that to qualitative research interview. Alvesson (2003, p. 13) outlined that neo-positivist, romantic and localist as some approaches used in qualitative interviews. A neo-positivist approach to qualitative research views an interview as a mission to search and discover and the basic objective of conducting the interview is to extracting accurate information from the interviewees (Welch and Piekkari, 2006, p. 418). To achieve their objectives, interviewers should carry out the interview in an impartial manner to reduce biasness and distortion of responses. In the neo-positivist approach, traditional measures of reliability, objectivity, repeatability and validity are the key indicators of the quality of the interview (Payne, & Wansink, 2011, p. 380). The approach views language instrumentally and mechanically as a medium to pass information between the interviewee and the interviewer (Welch and Piekkari, 2006, p. 418). The main challenge that faces the interviewer is usually on how to phrase the questions appropriately and precisely to eliminate potential misunderstanding between them and thereby ensure accurate retrieval of information from the respondent. The second approach to qualitative interviewing is the romantic approach. This approach contradicts the neo-positivist’s proposition that researchers must maintain a neutral and objective position when carrying out an interview (Welch and Piekkari, 2006, p. 418). This model recognizes the basic nature of interviews as a way of social interaction and therefore the proponents of this approach argue that interviewers should strive to engage their respondents at a personal level. They hold that ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Approaches to Qualitative and Quantitativethe Interview Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Approaches to Qualitative and Quantitativethe Interview Essay)
“Approaches to Qualitative and Quantitativethe Interview Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Approaches to Qualitative and Quantitativethe Interview

Quantitative and Qualitative Research Approaches

...Qualitative and Quantitative Research The first article is Dingley ’s ‘Substance Abuse and Addiction’. This article implements a qualitative approach to understanding the nature of substance abuse and the way individuals cope with mental health problems. The approach traces the nature of substance abuse and the extent that it can potentially become addictive. For instance, Dingley (2012) argues that substance abuse does not always lead to addiction. He points out that many tribal societies use hallucinogens in ceremonies, yet never become addicted to these substances. Dingley (2012)’s central argument is that addiction is caused more frequently by the individual’s unhealthy mental state, not by the specific physical components... of the...
1 Pages(250 words)Research Paper

Components of Qualitative Approaches

...Components of Qualitative Approaches Outline 1. Proposed research topic 2. Analysis of three qualitative researches 3. Challenges with interviewing people 4. Ways of dealing with the challenges 5. Three reasons for using qualitative 6. Advantages of using qualitative interview 7. Ethical issue involved in qualitative interview 8. Ten interview questions and reason for the questions 9. Ways of administering the interview, interpreting and reporting the data Proposed Research Topic This study being carried out should provide a detailed analysis of a...
4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment

Qualitative Research Approaches

...Qualitative Research Approaches Ethnography Ethnography is the study of the culture of a particular society. It is a descriptive account of a community or culture (Hammersly, M. and Atkinson, P., 2007). It is used when the researcher wants to understand the way of living of a particular group of people. In ethnography, the researcher gathers information through participating in or observing which he can either tape record or jot down as notes. Research Problem: HIV/AIDS and Homelessness According to the National Alliance to End Homelessness (2006), about 50% of people living with HIV/AIDS in developing countries are homeless. This poses a major risk to the current and future generations since it leads to...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Five Approaches for Qualitative Research

...Five Approaches for Qualitative Research Lecturer: Five Approaches for Qualitative Research Introduction Qualitativeresearch in the health care field has evolved overtime and the five approaches for qualitative research are widely utilized in nursing research field. Although these five approaches have become commonly used, the role of theory in the five approaches for qualitative research is often underplayed. The quality of the qualitative research design can be influenced by the way the researcher attends to theoretical concerns in varied stages of research. Both...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Additional Qualitative Approaches above Creswells Five Approaches

...Additional Qualitative Approaches above Creswell’s Five Approaches Additional Qualitative Approaches above Creswell’s Five Approaches Personal Contribution Creswell’s contribution to qualitative research approaches only considered Five Approaches; however, there are other additional qualitative approaches that can be applied in a research design. The Naturalistic and Interactionism qualitative research approaches are some of the additional qualitative research approaches that have not been addressed by Creswell. These two approaches are effective in understanding human behaviors and how such behaviors are being affected in an organized structure. In essence, the naturalistic qualitative approach tries to understand people... in their...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment

Qualitative Approaches To Researching Management And Organisation

...using charts and diagrams. After the sharing of the questionnaires, they would be sufficiently checked for clarifications and to guarantee that all the problems are answered. The data would then be analysed using both qualitative and quantitative techniques and the findings recorded by use of tables and figures. However, most of the data would be analysed using a descriptive analysis of the findings and a selection of the most relevant data to the study topic. Research approach This research will take a deductive approach in getting as much information as it can for the purposes of documentation. This approach will be convenient in achieving the goal of depicting the...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Proposal

Implementing Qualitative Approaches -Sheila

...). Therefore, some people may end up not accepting the results of this study. Funds needed for this activity to be conducted properly might pose a challenge to some extent. For example, if the interviews are to be conducted on different days more cash will be spent travelling to the institution where the healthcare professionals work (Berg,2012).Eventually, the strain will be too much to even have an efficient data collection process. Validation The triangulation method is going to be used to validate this research. In this approach, the problem of increased errors on records of patients is going to be analyzed using various statistics and information in areas that relate to it. The main reason of...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Implementing Qualitative Approaches to the Dissertation

...intervention measures depends on having a strong garsp of the challenges facing the instruction and learning of intermediate algebra. The secondary objective is formulating appropriate measures to deal with the problem. The last objective is to contribute towards the existing literature on the issue so that policy makers have a large body of work to use in creating policy measures. Design: What is the design model of your research? Why is this model most appropriate for your problem? The qualitative nature of the study will influence the design that will be adopted (Englander, 2012). For instance, the process will rely on interviews and surveys. The surveys provide an effective method for evaluating...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Implement qualitative approaches to the dissertation

...Implement Qualitative Approaches to the Dissertation Number May 18, Faculty Implement Qualitative Approaches to the Dissertation RESEARCH TOPIC: AN EXAMINATION OF THE SOCIAL CAUSES OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AMONG THE FAMILIES LIVING IN THE UNITED STATES. Outline of the Dissertation The proposed dissertation will comprise five chapters, references in the APA style of referencing and an appendix. Chapter one of the dissertations shall constitute the background information of the research, the problem statement, the research questions and objectives, the limitations of the study, and the justification of the study. Chapter two of the dissertation will present a detailed review of all relevant literature concerning the subject matter... are...
7 Pages(1750 words)Coursework

Five approaches to qualitative research

...Five Approaches to Qualitative Research Ethnography The ethnographic method is based on the field of anthropology, wherein a specific culture or subculture is examined by an outsider through observation, interview, collection and interpretation of cultural artifacts, and conducting secondary research. Ethnography involves an attempt to study different ways of life. Ethnographers do not formulate particular, concrete questions; instead, they go to communities, neighborhoods, or homes to observe in a nonintrusive, indirect manner. An example of a research question that an ethnographer could formulate is: what practices are unique to the skin bleaching community? This research problem...
5 Pages(1250 words)Coursework
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Approaches to Qualitative and Quantitativethe Interview for FREE!

Contact Us