Understanding Society 2: Transformations - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
When the concept of anomie is seen in the context of modernity and Durkheim’s approach to the modernity it becomes clear that Durkheim held a negative view on modernity. For Durkheim the emerging social order was unacceptable and provided a negative projection on society and social living…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.5% of users find it useful
Understanding Society 2: Transformations
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Understanding Society 2: Transformations"

The concept of anomie is used to describe the lack of social norms that tends to produce normlessnes (Gerber & Macionis, p.97). Anomie portrays the failure of social bonds between the individual and society. This occurs through the fragmentation of social identity along with a rejection of self-regulatory values. The concept was made popular by the French sociologist Emile Durkheim in his acclaimed work Suicide (1897). The term was borrowed from the French philosopher Jean-Marie Guyau. Durkheim himself did not use the term “normlessness”, instead, he has explained the term anomie by stating “a rule that is a lack of rule”, “derangement” and “an insatiable will” (Mestrovic, 1994). Durkheim views anomie arising in general because of a mismatch between group standards or individual standards and wider social standards. He attributes such happening due to the lack of a social ethic that tends to produce moral deregulation as well as an absence of justifiable ambitions. The concept derives itself from Durkheim’s attempt at delineation of the social causes of suicide that occur due to the absence or reduction of standards or values. A feeling of alienation and purposelessness follows this development which leads to tendency for suicide. Durkheim held that anomie was common when surrounding society underwent momentous changes in terms of its economic structure and stratification. He also explained that when there is a remarkable difference between the ideology of a society, its professed value and its actual daily practices then the probability of anomie is high. The ideas presented by Durkheim lay in opposition to previous agreements on the issue of suicide. Previously it was held that a person committed suicide only due to negative events in a person’s life that led him to anxiety and depression. Once depression overpowered the person’s ability to think and act rationally then suicide was imminent. Durkheim also expounded that traditional religions provided the organised basis for various shared values that were absent in anomic individuals. In addition, he argued that the concept of division of labour that had been dominating since the Industrial Revolution had managed to do more social harm than good (Star et al., 1997). Individuals had begun to pursue personal motives and objectives in place of pursuing social objectives and goals. Consequently, the development of an egotistic approach to living eclipsed the welfare of the social order leading to anomic behaviour in people in society. When the concept of anomie is seen in the context of modernity and Durkheim’s approach to the modernity it becomes clear that Durkheim held a negative view on modernity. For Durkheim the emerging social order was unacceptable and provided a negative projection on society and social living. The Industrial Revolution demanded a mechanised approach to the workplace that promoted efficacy and thus competitive advantage. The mechanisation of people’s lives and the need for devoting greater time to the workplace meant that social bonds became weaker over time. Furthermore, there was social and income disparity in society that was accelerating and creating deeply noticeable chasms. The working class saw the emergence of a new order of traders and industrialists who became rich in a few short years. When members of the working class tried to cross this barrier they found it very hard given that the movement to these new classes had begun to decelerate in the face of competition. Consequently, it became hard for a large part of society to accept that no matter how hard they worked, they would still not be able to make it to the very top. The realisation of this helplessness is what Durkheim has labelled as anomie and he has furthered this concept to delineate causes behind suicide (though this is not the only cause delineated by Durkheim). Additionally it must be noted that Durkheim was markedly influenced by religion and his views on anomie state that religion provides for organised basis to deal with anomie and anomic behaviour. He felt that modernity was reducing the influence of religion on the individual’s life leading to anomic behaviour. Works Cited Gerber, J.J. & Macionis, L.M., 2010. Sociology. Toronto: Canada. Mestrovic, S., 1994. Emile Durkheim and The Reformation of Sociology. London: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. Star, S.L., Bowker, G.C. & Neumann, L.J., 1997. Transparency At Different Levels of Scale: Convergence between Information Artifacts and Social Worlds. University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Understanding Society 2: Transformations Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Understanding Society 2: Transformations Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
“Understanding Society 2: Transformations Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Understanding Society 2: Transformations

Transformations of Thailand

...? Transformations of Thailand Table of Contents The Background Report 4 Social 4 Cultural 5 Political 5 Economic 6 Historiography 7 Personalities 8 Regional 9 Global trends 10 2. The Case Study Analytical Report 12 Introduction 12 Context 13 Aspects/Functions of the Transformation 15 Lessons 15 Reference 17 Bibliography 19 1. The Background Report Social The civil society in Thailand has undergone rapid change. For a long time the traditional and bureaucratic structure was predominant while the democracy took a backseat. The demands of the civil society remained unmet for a long time. However, this has undergone change. The civil society...
13 Pages(3250 words)Research Paper

Ethan Frome : Transformations toward Death

...September 7, Ethan and Mattie: Transformations toward Death Edith Wharton describes the excruciating possibility of living and dying at the same time in her novel “Ethan Frome.” This essay explores how Ethan and Mattie change as individuals because of a sudden twist in their lives. The “smash-up” is supposed to solve their “dilemma,” but it only sank them further to the palpable misery they are destined for. Instead of being liberated, they find themselves ironically trapped. Ethan and Mattie change from being sure of their “selves” to losing their “selves” to a figurative death, because of their isolation, helplessness, and hopelessness. Ethan and Mattie have had misfortune tarnishing their happiness many times over,...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Sports in society part 2

...Sports in the Society One of the most interesting and undeniable facets of sports is the level and extent to which it is defined by the society in which it is integrated. As a function of this, sports invariably represents many of the societal relationships and dynamics of a given era. Within such a construct, sports both represents some of the very best aspects of the current society as well as some of the worst and darker aspects of the present-day society that are in most need of improvement. In such a way, the reader can and should understand that sports serves as something of a microcosm and means of understanding nuanced aspects of...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Society 2

...of what it was in the February of 2011 stating that the adoption toward the technology is increasing enormously. With the rise in smart electronic devices and the smart and catchy internet deals and the revival of Internet IPO it is believed that 2011 was the most transformative year in terms of technology (Schwartz, 2011). Impacts on Society and Culture: Talking about the societal trends regarding NFC and mobile marketing then according to an article published by CNN 2012 has been claimed as the year of NFC and mobile marketing (Cashmore, 2011). It was also claimed that the mobile payments and NFC will expand and blossom more in 2013. This defines that the adoption of the trend is growing largely in the...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

Transformations of the Radio

...and broadcasting systems. This has been the main reason as to why Fornatale, Mills and Hilmes tried to create a descriptive written creation that could guide individuals towards actually being able to understand how the separate transformation of radio has actually contributed to the developing sense of communication in the field of modern technology. Fornatale and Mills naturally points out that radio have created a new sense of industry in the field of music and news.2 Way before, only news anchors were paid for their professional service; this goes for the AM stations that air news broadcasts. 3However, on the part of the FM radio stations, the dj’s only received “favor” costs from...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Reflections on Transformations

...Reflections on Transformations Two of the topics that I wrote about during this semester are individuality and the transforming power of seeing art. In looking at art, I believe that I am transformed through every experience, even when the art is not appealing. The same has happened during the course of the semester as I have worked towards finding a way to express myself and my thoughts through clear, focused work. This has not been an easy process, and finding clear focus is far more difficult than one might imagine. Still, in discussing individuality in my first paper, I believe that I found a clarity about my own identity. In focusing on the experience of seeing art in an art museum, I came to understand how I am influenced... by the...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Technological Transformations of Society

... Dictionary, 2011. Random House, February 25th, 2011 Ellison, N. B., Steinfield, C., & Lampe, C. “The benefits of Facebook friends: Social capital and college students use of online social network sites”. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 12(4), article 1. . Farah, V. “Ways the internet has transformed peoples’ social lives”. Helium. 8 March, 2010.<>. Findlay, L. H. “Five reasons for the popularity of face book”. Ezine articles. 2 March, 2009.
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay


...CHARACTER TRANSFORMATION: THE LONG KISS GOODNIGHT by [Insert Here] [Insert and Number Here] [Insert Here] [Insert Institution’s Name Here] [Insert City and State of Institution Here] December 10, 2011 Character Transformation: The Long Kiss Goodnight Over the years, many films have been produced centring on character transformations. Generally, the character is overly nerdy, unattractive, or some other undesirable trait. As the film progresses, the character transforms into what is considered to be his or her “true identity” (‘Transformation movies 2002). Geena Davis’ character in The Long Kiss Goodnight (1996) falls directly into this genre. In the...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay


...Lucius to return to his human form. After complying with instructions of the heaven queen, Lucius is returned to Rome and is promoted to the prestigious Pastophori College (Relihan 254). Question 2: Lucius’ actual transformation eliminates being credulous and not easily duped. Lucius is now transformed. His transformation removes his prior personality. His prior personality is being credulous and being easily duped. In Book 11, Lucius prioritizes religious activities. He devotes most of his new human life to prayer. Lucius is no longer focusing on many earthly worries. The earthly worries include finding a woman to love, including returning to the arms of his former...
5 Pages(1250 words)Book Report/Review

Understanding developments 2- international relation

...COMPARISON OF MICROFINANCE AND SOCIAL PROTECTION IN POVERTY ALLEVIATION Introduction Microfinance is those institutions that offer small loans which can either be secured or unsecured. Their aim is to target small income earners and people living below the poverty line. Conversely social protection can be defined as policies that prevent, manage and overcome negative situations. In general both microfinance and social protection policies aim at reducing or alleviating poverty especially in the global south. Global south countries include Latin America, Africa, Asia and middles east which are countries that are referred to as third world countries or developing countries. This means that these countries are poor countries... OF MICROFINANCE...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Understanding Society 2: Transformations for FREE!

Contact Us