There are numerous drugs that are utilized within our society today, some found predominately within the legitimate framework of medical practices and others designed solely for recreational and experimental purposes. …
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There are numerous drugs under legal and illegal consumption and businesses. Hence, misuse of drugs which are legally produced and sold are very common among people. Also misuse and abuse of drugs which are illegally produced and sold are increasing at rapid speed among consumers of numerous drugs (Murguia et al., 2007, pp. 122-123). This paper is aimed at describing the misuse and abuse of the drug called Adderall. History and epidemiology of the drug Adderall: Adderall is a salt-based medicine which is used for the curing hyperactivity disorder. This disorder is caused by deficit of attention. The drug is used is for another important medical condition, the narcolepsy. The drug is legally usable in Canada and in United States of America only. The drug is the brand-name of a psychostimulant medication. The drug is “composed of racemic amphetamine aspartate monohydrate, racemic amphetamine sulfate, dextroamphetamine saccharide, and dextroamphetamine sulfate” (Verderber et al., 2011, p. 16). These are all amphetamine salts. The drug is used by the people who suffer from deficit of attention created by hyperactivity disorder and to treat obesity. The drug was first introduced in United States to reduce problems associated with greater work-pressure and greater pressures at schools and at home. Eventually, the popularity of the drug has increased to a significant level and people from every social group and community. People from every profession started to use the drug to reduce the intensity of tension created by hyperactivity disorder. The drug is available in almost all medical stores in the United States of America inspite of the fact that The American Society of Health-System Pharmacists did not recommend the drug to be legally used (Verderber et al., 2011, pp. 15-18). The pharmacology of Adderall: Adderall works in the system of human body as a process to increase the volume of dopamine and norepinephrine. This works in between synapses in the human brain. The drug affects directly the mesolimbic reward pathway located in the human brain. The drug increases the amount of amphetamine salts in human body which is considered as the high abuse potential to reduce the intensity of the attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy. The most important benefit acquired from the drug is that the drug helps to reduce symptoms of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy. The drug has been found to create minimal side-effects among patients. The main medical effect of the drug is that the effect of drug remains active for several hours and the person who consumes the drug can do works for longer hours throughout the day. However, these effects depend upon the degree of doses taken of the drug. If the drug is taken without prescribed dose or above the normal prescribed dose of 30-40mg., then it can create negative effects on human brains by reducing the thinking power of the brain (only in the case where the drug is used in a regular basis). The drug helps to manage the treatment-resistant depression, obesity (mainly of exogenous type), prevalence of rotate sleep cycle disorder etc. The drug is available in two alternative forms as tablets and as capsules (Abadinsky, 2010, pp. 155-157). The drug is available in only two formulations. One is the IR, also called the Instant Release and the other is the XR, also known as the Extended Release. The extended release system of delivery which is also known as the Microtrol is utilized by XR with the process of incorporation of two categories of drops. The first category of drop immediately dissolves into the
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Julien et al. (2010) and Selye (1978) consider introduction of a foreign material to the body as one cause of deviation from this normalness. Exposing systems of an individual to a foreign material over a long period results to addiction. That is, addicts of a particular substance develop the behavior after being exposed to the substance over some time.
Addiction Behavior Introduction Drug addiction is not a regional or national problem; rather it is a global problem. A successful treatment program for drug addiction needs to revolve around cultural realties. In the drug addiction society, the twelve-step fellowships need to be adopted.
In fact, most of the societies believe that most of the drug addicts lack the motivation and will power to change their behavior. They believe that it is an easy thing to stop using drugs. However, to most of the drug addict, quitting is a problem as this problem affects their brain. Despite this enormous challenge, drug addiction can be overcome through myriad ways of treatment. This will help in stopping of drug abuse and such individuals will be able to lead productive lives.
This is regarding the point that adolescents today may not be able to draw the line between love and lust, implying that the need to have more knowledge about both love and sex must be a requirement. Potential Risks of Porn Addiction Young people today are susceptible to engaging in pornographic activity.
In other instances, the drug is also applicable in the treatment of obesity, sleep related disorders, and at times severe depression. In recent years, college students have adopted the use of this drug as a way of enhancing their productivity levels in their classes.
Lets discuss some of these major addiction related models in a slight detail now (DiClemente, 2003).
According to the moral model of addiction, substance and drug abuse is viewed as breaking of the society based values and rules by the abuser or the
therapy is a provisional, focused restorative approach to assist drug-dependent people leave addiction, with the help of similar learning processes they used to develop the addictive behavior initially. Cognitive therapy emphasizes the fact that people develop addictive
This is portrayed in a person pursuing reward or relief by using substances or representing certain behaviors. Features of addiction involve inability to abstain constantly, impairment in control of actions, longing for, reduced recognition of evident problems with
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