Every person genetically inherits body physical features like height, skin and hair color from their parents. As is the common nature with people, most are not comfortable with these features, and there is a widespread desire to alter them…
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People inherit physical appearance at birth, and it depends on the genetic makeup of one’s parents. The environment is another contributing factor to a person’s appearance with aspects like diet and weather conditions among others determining how an individual grows and takes shape. These changes are natural and occur without conscious help from the individual involved. However, many people are unhappy with the natural look of their bodies; they want to change their bodies to become what they believe is the ideal body. The ideal body is an image fed into people’s minds by many factors in the society including religion and culture. Sociologists know the phenomenon whereby things that occur naturally take a social turn as socialization of nature (Shilling 765; Turner 104).
There are many methods of body modification, ranging from subtle ones to extreme ones, all for the simple reason that one can do it. However, people who modify their bodies cite different reasons including spiritual, cultural, aesthetic, religious, medical and social reasons. Body modification involves common activities like reducing or gaining weight, surgery, genetic modification, piercings, and altering facial features using colors among others. The general perception is that people attempt to change their bodies to suit what they perceive to be the ideal body. However, since psychosocial factors influence the desire for body change, a person may not know when to stop because though the body is changing physically, they may not notice, and some of the attempts to change bodies have had tragic ends (Crossley 20). Statement of the Problem: People are born with particular physical characteristics, but it is largely in their control how they experience, use, interpret, deploy and present their bodies. BACKGROUND INFORMATION Most people are not comfortable with their bodies as they would want to become slimmer, more muscular, taller, lighter, and any other characteristic their social life has taught them as desirable. For instance, the fashion world would want women to believe that the true definition of beauty is a sickly thin body, with long hair among other tricks they use to sell their products. To maintain this body size people go to the extremes and even end up risking their lives. Many factors limit the freedom to change one’s body as wished, which is favorable because several body modification methods like plastic surgery, if not done well, are extremely dangerous. The ability to alter one’s body brings in ethical questions, especially since one does not usually know the psychological effect of body change, or since some individuals undergo these procedures without carefully thinking about them (Gimlin 711). Spiritual Reasons: Traditional religions like the DreamTime of Australia promoted body piercing and branding as a sign of devotion to their gods. As a member of the religion then one had to perform these rituals; in any case, they did not have a choice since traditional elders initiated them into the religion as toddlers. Some of these religions have survived to date and are in the same category with the Opus Dei who practices mortification. Mortification includes, among other practices, wearing ornaments that cause continuous pain on the body for the wearer to suffer as Christ did. Examples of other religions that encourage devotees to modify their bodies include Buddhism, and Hinduism that promote body part contorting among devotees as part of their meditation rituals. Though one is free to change their body as they feel fit, society through religion forces its will on people, forcing them to alter the natural state of their bodies for reasons they do not fully understand (Varga 220). Aesthetic Reasons: This is the most widespread of all reasons for body modifications; looking around one sees plucked eyelashes, some unnatural hair, pierced ears, and painted real or artificial nails. That is the description of beauty, and nobody has it all as they all
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The reliability as well as validity of life is to be recognized in the social living of human beings. It is fundamental to realize where one can find valid and reliable elements in life, because it helps in the transformation of one’s life. Significantly, reliability and validity in life is all about finding truths and using them for transforming the life.
Beyond such constructs, it is difficult to shift society towards other thought processes and constructs. One such notion is that the body is a social construction – an object – as it were. This paper shall critically evaluate this notion based on the ideas and ideals of gender and sexuality – on masculinity and femininity constructs.
The difficulties in defining social phenomena replicate differences within the field over the basic nature of the organization themselves, many of this becomes indefinite (Riley 15). Rational theories improve the initial definition of the definition they see organizations as instruments which are designed to accomplish objectives using the logical plans, rational division and impersonal rules.
Susan Haack has a hard-line stand on the epistemological nature of science, which is named founderherentism and works towards putting as much distance as possible between her and sociological pursuits of science. As such, she argues against metaphysical and sociological subjects, which she cites as having sceptical views and obsessive approaches towards science by being extremely positivist on a logical point of view.
It is the same thing happening in New Zealand until this day, but aside from that, it remains an important issue to know whether Christmas in this country still have religious significance. Concerning this point, illustrating the research question “Does Christmas in New Zealand have religious significance?
ous movements also play an important role to instill the right social valued among the citizens to accept their fellow obese neighbors and to fight against discrimination against obese patients. However, social institutions today including the government, family, business
interaction, status refers to the different positions that individuals hold in the society and role denotes the expected behaviour of an individual in an interaction. Social interaction also helps sociologists understand how individuals construct reality. The reality of
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