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Criminology: Youth Gangs and Crime - Essay Example

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CRIMINOLOGY: YOUTH GANGS AND CRIME Instructor Institution Date Crime is one factor that deteriorates and scuttles the development of societies as well as delineating peace in the contemporary communities. The rise in criminal activities within various communities and societies has been linked to the growing numbers of criminal youth gangs…
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Download file to see previous pages In addition, youth gangs in the views of Howell (1997, p. 1) have a particular geographical territory that they cover and dominate, have certain set regular meetings and can at times decide to participate in illegal activities. Independently, Public Safety Canada (2007, p.1) defines youth gangs as organized groups of young adults or adolescents who practice intimidation, crime and violence acts just to accumulate power and gain group recognition from the society in order to control the specific regions. In the reports of Public Safety Canada (2007, p.1), youths who join or participate in the gangs activities are likely to have suffered from effects of social inequalities and disadvantages. Public Safety Canada (2007, p.2) highlights the following reasons as ones that pull youths into gang criminal activities. The first reason is that some join to get excitement while others join for prestige, others as ways of earning income while others may also join to get protection. Youth gangs have been very serious and problematic with consideration to high membership and increasing popularity across different genders and age groups. Initially, youth gangs were assumed as organizations only meant for male adults. Today, youth gangs have increasing number of girls and adolescents who are very brutal and dangerous to the communities. Youth gangs have been the main law breakers in various societies as they mostly participate in unlawful activities (Spergel & Susan 1995, 456). For instance, the increasing unrest in the community caused by rise in drug and substance abuse are all results of youth gangs. Astonishingly, Public Safety Canada (2007, p.2) discloses that the effects of youth gangs have involved sneaking of drug into learning institutions, thereby interfering with the learning progress of students. Increased use of drugs among students participating in youth gangs have led to massive school drop outs thus leading to rise in the number of unlearned and unproductive members of the society. Worse still, youth gangs have been attributed to the sneaking of guns into learning institutions alongside rise in gun violence in the same schools (Spergel & Susan 1995, p.469). As mentioned there before, youth groups gain popularity among girls who in most cases get involved in serious group assaults while in possession of guns and knives among other lethal weapons. Female members of youth gangs have also been involved in illegal drug trafficking and serious communal violence. This fact has led to the erosion of morality from communities that perceived girl child as one who should express respect and be submissive to the other members of the society. It has also been a common occurrence that teachers have been facing verbal and physical assaults as well destruction of property and school facilities by the students who engage in youth gangs. Incidents of theft in schools have also been on the rise due to the existence of youth gang members in schools (Scheidlinger 1994, p.3). It is a sad disclosure that young students in the elementary and secondary schools have been joining youth gangs in large numbers due to fear of aggression from the particular youth groups and thus the need for protection. The problem of youth gangs in schools has also been gaining support from the failure of the victimized students to report the incidences due to fear of intimidation and retaliation. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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