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Viral Hepatitis - Research Paper Example

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Viral Hepatitis: Social Programs & Community Intervention Name: Course: Instructor: Date: Table of Contents Table of Contents 1 Introduction 2 Viral Hepatitis – Medical Background 3 Viral Hepatitis – U.S. Statistics 5 Viral Hepatitis – Research Projects 6 Viral Hepatitis – Community Programs 7 Viral Hepatitis – Interventions 8 Conclusion 10 References 11 Introduction Hepatitis is a general medical term that indicates “inflammation of the liver” in patients and can be caused by a number of factors, including alcohol and drug abuse, viral diseases, environmental toxins, or problems with the body’s immune system…
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Viral Hepatitis
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Download file to see previous pages In this manner, Hepatitis A, B, C, D, E, F, & G have all been identified by researchers in medicine, though the Hepatitis F virus has not fully been confirmed. (Lee & Marks, 2011) The varieties of Hepatitis viruses have different means of transmission in human communities, as well as promoting a variety of negative symptoms and destructive effects over time in the body. There are immunizations available for some of these viruses on the market currently, though these are not generally accorded a mandatory status for children and adults in the United States. The statistics on Hepatitis infections vary greatly, from 80,000 to 700,000 new cases per year reported in the United States. (CDC, 2011 & Hunt, 2011) The Hepatitis B Foundation reports that 2 billion people worldwide, or 1 out of every 3 people, have been infected with this virus. (HBF, 2009) In recognition of the seriousness of this disease, the United Nations for the first time in 2011 inaugurated the “World Hepatitis Day” in order to build awareness, understanding, and treatment programs to eradicate this disease. (WHA, 2011) Viral Hepatitis – Medical Background Medical research has recognized as many as 7 main and distinct types of the Hepatitis virus and classified these strains with an alphabetical notation that the study and diagnosis of this disease can be fully understood in healthcare facilities around the world. The symptoms, transmission, and long-term effects of each strain of the Hepatitis virus can be classified according to the following taxonomy: Hepatitis A Virus (HAV) – Hepatitis A is known as the most common and least severe of the Hepatitis viruses. This form is typically spread through contaminated food products, though it may also be transmitted by the “fecal-oral” route or through direct contact between people sexually. (Avert, 2011) The symptoms of this disease are similar to the other forms of Hepatitis and include dark urine, fever, jaundice, fatigue, joint pain, and digestive problems. (WebMD, 2011) This form of the Hepatitis virus does not produce a chronic condition, and there is an available vaccine that will prevent it. (WebMD, 2011) Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) – Hepatitis B is also common worldwide and typically spread through the exchange of bodily fluids in IV drug users, tattoo and piercing equipment, sexual activity, or blood transfusions. (Avert, 2011) Hepatitis B shares most of the same symptoms as other forms of the disease. “Most adults infected with the hepatitis B virus fully recover and develop life-long immunity. Between 2% and 10% of individuals infected as adults will become chronic carriers, which means they will be infectious to others and can develop chronic liver damage.” (Avert, 2011) There is also a vaccine available that will prevent the disease. (WebMD, 2011) Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) – Hepatitis C is one of the most serious varieties of the virus found in humans, and “ ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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