It was claimed to be a disease in 1970s but established as a disease in 1989. It is an infectious disease caused by the virus called the hepatitis C virus (HCV) which affects human species. The human defense…
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It exists in six genotypes, of these genotype I is most prevalent form of HCV. Since the virus exists in different genotypes and sub-genotypes, it becomes very challenging for the development of its vaccines. HCV is not related to other hepatitis viz. hepatitis A or hepatitis B. It is grouped in the family Flaviviridae along with yellow fever virus and dengue virus. As soon as virus gains entry in the liver, it elicits immune response resulting in inflammation; protracted inflammation lays the foundation of scarring which further takes the form of cirrhosis and thus preventing liver to perform its normal functions. Such condition paves the way for liver cancer (Alter, 2000).
It is transmitted through blood especially through blood transfusion, use of unsterile injections and rarely through sexual transmission (in cases where an individual is suffering with Sexually Transmitted Disease and has open sores).
7. Sporadic transmission: in this case the source of the infection cannot be found out, it results due to community-acquired infections where virus gets entry in body through cuts or injuries or an abrasion (Alter, 2000).
Use of sterile needles, safe hygiene conditions and routine blood examination, taking complete history of the patient, thorough screening of the blood for HCV when blood is donated by a donor or when given to the patient, use of self-capped needles, no sharing of personal belongings like razor, towels, toothbrushes,
Acute: it is the initial 6 months when the patient contacts the infection of Hepatitis C. as the disease is asymptomatic no initial signs appear in majority of the population. Only 30-40% of the infected cases develop symptoms like reduced appetite, tiredness, aching abdomen, jaundice, itch, burning sensation and flu.
When blood is examined through PCR, HCV can be seen in 1-3 weeks after getting the infection, moreover antibodies against the HCV could
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(“Hepatitis c Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words”, n.d.)
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(Hepatitis C Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words)
“Hepatitis C Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1562803-hepatitis-c.
Hepatitis is categorized as acute or chronic hepatitis. Acute hepatitis is when it lasts less then 6 months and chronic hepatitis is when it persists longer than 6 months ("Hepatitis"). The most common causes of viral hepatitis are the hepatitis A, hepatitis B and hepatitis C viruses (Frymoyer).
With the increased awareness and advancement in research, involving human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic, clinical expertise exists for the prevention and management of chronic viral disease like HCV among injection drug users, since mode of infection and behaviour of vulnerable population for both HIV and HCV contagion are identical.
108). In fact, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that approximately 170 million people around the globe are infected with HCV and roughly 3.4 million of these cases occur in the US alone (Alter et al., 1999, p. 558). According to the study conducted
HCV is a RNA virus that does not integrate into chromosomal DNA and does not establish latency per se. The virus is highly replicative and generates billions of its replicas every few days in an infected individuals. Theoretically,
The originality of this research article is quite commendable, and stands above average. This study is the first to be conducted in the National Hospital in Abuja, Nigeria. Previously, evidence that HBV/HIV and HCV/HIV co-infection prevalence was at an increase,
Other factors that contribute to its spread and rate of prevention will also be considered.
Hepatitis C is one of the communicable diseases that are part of the neoplastic or chronic disease. Together with Hepatitis B and Human Immunodeficiency virus,
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