Nobody downloaded yet

Hepatitis c - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
It was claimed to be a disease in 1970s but established as a disease in 1989. It is an infectious disease caused by the virus called the hepatitis C virus (HCV) which affects human species. The human defense…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.7% of users find it useful
Hepatitis c
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Hepatitis c"

Download file to see previous pages It exists in six genotypes, of these genotype I is most prevalent form of HCV. Since the virus exists in different genotypes and sub-genotypes, it becomes very challenging for the development of its vaccines. HCV is not related to other hepatitis viz. hepatitis A or hepatitis B. It is grouped in the family Flaviviridae along with yellow fever virus and dengue virus. As soon as virus gains entry in the liver, it elicits immune response resulting in inflammation; protracted inflammation lays the foundation of scarring which further takes the form of cirrhosis and thus preventing liver to perform its normal functions. Such condition paves the way for liver cancer (Alter, 2000).
It is transmitted through blood especially through blood transfusion, use of unsterile injections and rarely through sexual transmission (in cases where an individual is suffering with Sexually Transmitted Disease and has open sores).
7. Sporadic transmission: in this case the source of the infection cannot be found out, it results due to community-acquired infections where virus gets entry in body through cuts or injuries or an abrasion (Alter, 2000).
Use of sterile needles, safe hygiene conditions and routine blood examination, taking complete history of the patient, thorough screening of the blood for HCV when blood is donated by a donor or when given to the patient, use of self-capped needles, no sharing of personal belongings like razor, towels, toothbrushes,
Acute: it is the initial 6 months when the patient contacts the infection of Hepatitis C. as the disease is asymptomatic no initial signs appear in majority of the population. Only 30-40% of the infected cases develop symptoms like reduced appetite, tiredness, aching abdomen, jaundice, itch, burning sensation and flu.
When blood is examined through PCR, HCV can be seen in 1-3 weeks after getting the infection, moreover antibodies against the HCV could ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Hepatitis c Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1562803-hepatitis-c
(Hepatitis C Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words)
https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1562803-hepatitis-c.
“Hepatitis C Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1562803-hepatitis-c.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Hepatitis C
...?Hepatitis C Introduction: Hepatitis C is a viral disease caused by hepatitis C virus which leads to the inflammation of liver and cirrhosis and eventually liver cancer. Cirrhosis is chronic diseased condition in which the tissues of liver are destroyed, forming scars and thus making the liver nonfunctional. Hepatitis C virus is the most dangerous of all the hepatitis viruses. Hepatitis C virus spreads by blood to blood contact or blood products. Repetitive use of infected needles transmits the hepatitis C virus....
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
Hepatitis
...HEPATITIS Hepatitis is an injury found in the liver characterised by presence of inflammatory cells in the liver tissue. The word hepatitis came from the Greek word hepato- meaning ' liver' and -itis meaning 'inflammation'. This condition can be self limiting which means healing on its own or can progress to scarring of liver. Hepatitis is categorized as acute or chronic hepatitis. Acute hepatitis is when it lasts less then 6 months and chronic hepatitis is when it persists longer than 6 months ("Hepatitis"). The most common causes of viral hepatitis are the hepatitis A, hepatitis B and hepatitis C viruses (Frymoyer). This group of viruses known as the hepatitis viruses are responsible to most liver damages worldwide ("Hepatitis... ...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay
Treatment and Prevention of Hepatitis C in Adult Population
...Community Assessment for Treatment and Prevention of Hepatitis C in Adult Population Inserts His/Her Inserts Grade Course Customer Inserts Tutor's Name 14 July 2008 Community Assessment for Treatment and Prevention of Hepatitis C in Adult Population Hepatitis C is the most common blood-borne viral illness in the United States and Hepatitis C virus (HCV), first identified in 1989, is a leading cause of chronic liver disease, and ultimately death from cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. It is most prevalent among injection drug users, particularly homeless adults, and further spread of infection occurs...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Hepatitis
...Hepatitis Introduction Hepatitis and its variants are common ailments which affect the liver of the individuals who contract this virus. Depending on the type of Hepatitis that a person has, the condition can heal of its own accord or can become the cause of death for the person. As a condition which causes liver damage, Hepatitis is the most common form of liver disease around the world. While there are several variants of the condition, i.e. A, B, C, D and E, there are two broad categories of Hepatitis which are Chronic and Acute (CDC, 2007). The disease manifests itself as either Chronic or Acute but the symptoms, diagnosis as well as...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Hepatitis C
...HEPATITIS C Nancy Western Biology (Honors) November 24, 2008 Introduction Hepatitis C, also known as Non-A, Non-B hepatitis, is a liver disease caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV). There are 170 million people worldwide with the disease (Hu, 2006, Hall, 1995); however, many are unaware that they have the virus. In 1989, researchers in Chiron Corporation, a biotechnology company, identified hepatitis C virus (Biotech Patent News, 2000). Mainly transmitted through the blood, the discovery and characterization of the hepatitis C virus lead to testing of...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Does the research evidence support using caesarean section for reducing mother to baby transmission of hepatitis C during labour and birth
...Introduction Hepatitis C, an infectious liver disease caused by exposure to Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) is considered as the most common chronic blood infection and primary indication for liver transplant in the United States (England et al., 2006, p. 83; Maheshwari et al., 2008, p. 321; Webster et al., 2009 ,p. 108). In fact, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that approximately 170 million people around the globe are infected with HCV and roughly 3.4 million of these cases occur in the US alone (Alter et al., 1999, p. 558). According to the study conducted by Armstrong and his colleagues, the incidence of Hepatitis C infection in...
14 Pages(3500 words)Essay
Drugs that treat Hepatitis C
...Drugs for Hepatitis C" Introduction Hepatitis C is one of the most common infections in the developed world and is related with considerable morbidity and mortality. If untreated, virus is capable of causing progressive hepatocellular injury with fibrosis and subsequent cirrhosis. Chronic HCV is also the chief risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma. HCV is a RNA virus that does not integrate into chromosomal DNA and does not establish latency per se. The virus is highly replicative and generates billions of its replicas every few days in an infected individuals. Theoretically, infection is curable in all affected patients. The current modality of care for treatment is...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Critical Appraisal of a Paper (Hepatitis B and C virus co-infection in Nigerian patients with HIV infection)
...Adewole Olufemi et al. Hepatitis B and C virus co-infection in Nigerian patients with HIV infection. 2009. – A Critical Appraisal Recommended decision about the article Acceptance subject to minor revision - This research article is quite valid and reliable. However, it will only need minor revision, as a few aspects in the methodology, presentation and formating will need to be adjusted. This will ensure more clarity and authenticity of the article.     General Assessment Rankings from HIGH (5) to LOW (1): Originality (4) The originality of this research article is quite commendable, and stands above average. This study is the first to be conducted in the National Hospital in Abuja, Nigeria....
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Hepatitis C virus in Africa (focus on Ethiopia)
...The Hepatitis C Virus in Africa Introduction A discovery made in the mid 70s by the Chief of the Infectious Disease Section in the National Institutes of Health, Harvey J. Alter that some cases of hepatitis was in fact not caused by the Hepatitis A or B virus led to the first significant step in identifying the existence of Hepatitis C (Halliday, Klenerman & Barnes 661). However, the identification took up to a decade before it could be properly singled out and was initially referred to as non a, non b hepatitis (NANBH). The existence of the virus was finally confirmed in the year 1988 by DR. Alter after a series of...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
Hepatitis C-write on a surgery related to a disorder or condition liver transplant chronic hepatitis C can cause liver failure, which would result in liver transplant
..., 2010). Liver also makes components of bile, which is essential for fat digestion and absorption of fat-soluble vitamins from the gastrointestinal tract. This dominating organ is a hub of all detoxification processes and it is a reservoir for glucose storage, which can be utilized by the human body even many hours after a meal. Considering all these roles of the liver, the devastating consequences can be easily predicted if liver does not work efficiently. Diseases having pathologies, which disrupt the architecture and physiological functional tendency of the liver are those that lead to cirrhosis of the liver. They include Hepatitis B and C, excessive intake of alcohol for several years, deposition of...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic Hepatitis c for FREE!
Contact Us