We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

ADC program in 1939 and PRWORA of 1996 - Essay Example

Comments (0)
Aid to Dependent Children or ADC was a social security act of 1935. It first functioned to provide federal grant on order to help the state maintain their mothers aid laws that had being passed in forty states between the year 1910 -1920…
Download full paper
ADC program in 1939 and PRWORA of 1996
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
ADC program in 1939 and PRWORA of 1996

Download file to see previous pages... The main aim of this program was to provide help to all children whose mothers didn’t have work or lacked a breadwinner, not considering how they had gotten to that position. For the first three decades this program operated like a charity, with its caseworkers given discretion to investigate clients (Caraley, 2001). In the year 1996, the then president of USA, President Clinton signed a law “the personal responsibility and work opportunity reconciliation act (PRWOR)”. This act was to dramatically change the national welfare system into one that required people to work in exchange of time-limited assistance. This bill contained strong work requirement, a bonus to reward states for moving welfare recipients into jobs, comprehensive child support enforcement, and supporting the families moving from welfare to work. The work requirement under the new law required that recipients must work after at least two years of assistance, with only few exceptions. Twenty five percent of all families in each state should be engaged in work. Single parents were to participate for at least 20 hours in a week while two parents family must work for 35 hours in a week. Why federal policy underwent this reversal The main purpose of introduction of this program was to reduce the welfare dependency and out of wedlock births and also to encourage formation of two parent families. It ended the entitlement of welfare benefits and made other less publicized changes to the several existing social welfare programs, by both restricting the availability of benefits and strengthening the programs that aid children. Another reason for abolition of ADC and introduction of PRWOR was to emphasize on employment among the poor. This is because were not working hard because they knew that they will get aids from the states government. Basically the underlying principles of this welfare reform were (Caraley, 2001). Cumulative lifetime and employment time limits Reduction in teenage pregnancy Increased child support enforcement Creation of work programs and supportive services At first the number of people on this program was falling, the number dropped by half. In addition to this the poverty rates fell to the lowest ever recorded levels. But despite this it was clear whether welfare families were better off under this program. Despite the encouraging numbers, it was still not so clear whether really welfare families were better off on the PRWORA program. By the year 2002, many of the welfare recipients were working in low paying jobs with few or no benefits. They were also not receiving food stamps, medical coverage. The income gains were also reduced by the loss of public benefits; this only made many welfare families to remain below the poverty line. Almost a third of this people who left welfare from work, were back within a year. This because they were unable to obtain steady job or reliable child care (Blank & Ron, 2001). In the current recession PRWORA would have adverse consequences on the poor families. First this will increase the role of the state. To fund this welfare, the state will have to have fixed block grants. Secondly this will increase the role of local identities. PROWORA allowed states to devolve their authorities even further to counties, private entities, and local government. In the current recession the transfer of authority will raise questions on accountability making it difficult for the government to oversee programs so as to ensure quality (Blank & Ron, 2001). Another consequence that will come with the current recession is change in the role of welfare workers. Considering that the PROWORA dramatically ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
The Rules of the Game (1939)
The original French title of the film is ‘La Regle du jeu’ and its director is Jean Renoir who is also its writer and bears a role as well in the movie. The movie was casted as the biggest commercial failure for Renoir at the time of its release and was repeatedly banned due to a number of reasons including its long duration and the eruption of the World War II.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
German and French Fascism between 1870 and 1939
Karl Marx, a German philosopher, pioneered the development of Marxism in the mid nineteenth century. The philosopher emphasized on the revolutionary view of the political and social change. According to the Marxism analysis, strata conflict within capitalism comes up due to intensifying conflicts between socialized production and high productive built-up.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
English Arbitration Act 1996
The roots of the English arbitration acts have been in existence for centuries. The first one was in 1698 followed by several acts that had organized and developed arbitration according to the requirements of each era. The last of these was the Arbitration Act 1996, which came into force on 31st of January 1997 (1996 Act).
20 Pages(5000 words)Essay
Was Hitler a Weak Dictator between 1934-1939
The research will give evidence to the fact that Hitler had a persuasive way with his words and he was full of trickery, often winning over many influential German citizens with his false ideas and fabricated stories of glorious victory and the rewards that could be gained if the people of Germany followed him.
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Asylum procedure in Ireland under Refugee Act 1996
Data on the number of persons refused leave to land which was 4,477 in 2004 may be indicative of flows of illegal immigrants to Ireland. However it should be noted that permission to enter Ireland may be refused for a range of reasons.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Performance Review: Romeo & Juliet (Baz Lurhmann, 1996)
The modernization of the story means the family have turned into corporate business concerns each with their own skyscraper offices and the swords that were used by Shakespearean play actors have been replaced by highly customized and heavily art worked and
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Political Paper from 1930-1939
Politics were suddenly of great concern for the average man, advocating major changes in political, economic, and social organization (Linteau 90). Change was desired and commonplace. There was a shift in the power
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
1996 Health care reform
HCRA also combined the hospital rates reimbursed by employees’ compensation and free coverage with the Medicaid segment rates. The previous act, the “New York Prospective Hospital Reimbursement Methodology” (NYPHRM), resembles the
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
The Mismeasure of Man, by Stephen Jay Gould (1996),
The article not only challenges the methodological accuracy of The bell Curve which was published in 1994 by Charles Murray and Richard Hernstein but he also argues against the notion of abstracting
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Philosophy Of Films Ransom 1996
The directors present the main features of the film through exploring the two-way processes that take place behind the scenes in filmmaking. The presentation draws on the Ransom Center's extensive affluence thus authenticating the history of the gesticulation picture industry to exemplify the vastly collaborative nature of the film - making process.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic ADC program in 1939 and PRWORA of 1996 for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us