Nobody downloaded yet

ADC program in 1939 and PRWORA of 1996 - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Aid to Dependent Children or ADC was a social security act of 1935. It first functioned to provide federal grant on order to help the state maintain their mothers aid laws that had being passed in forty states between the year 1910 -1920…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.7% of users find it useful
ADC program in 1939 and PRWORA of 1996
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "ADC program in 1939 and PRWORA of 1996"

Download file to see previous pages The main aim of this program was to provide help to all children whose mothers didn’t have work or lacked a breadwinner, not considering how they had gotten to that position. For the first three decades this program operated like a charity, with its caseworkers given discretion to investigate clients (Caraley, 2001). In the year 1996, the then president of USA, President Clinton signed a law “the personal responsibility and work opportunity reconciliation act (PRWOR)”. This act was to dramatically change the national welfare system into one that required people to work in exchange of time-limited assistance. This bill contained strong work requirement, a bonus to reward states for moving welfare recipients into jobs, comprehensive child support enforcement, and supporting the families moving from welfare to work. The work requirement under the new law required that recipients must work after at least two years of assistance, with only few exceptions. Twenty five percent of all families in each state should be engaged in work. Single parents were to participate for at least 20 hours in a week while two parents family must work for 35 hours in a week. Why federal policy underwent this reversal The main purpose of introduction of this program was to reduce the welfare dependency and out of wedlock births and also to encourage formation of two parent families. It ended the entitlement of welfare benefits and made other less publicized changes to the several existing social welfare programs, by both restricting the availability of benefits and strengthening the programs that aid children. Another reason for abolition of ADC and introduction of PRWOR was to emphasize on employment among the poor. This is because were not working hard because they knew that they will get aids from the states government. Basically the underlying principles of this welfare reform were (Caraley, 2001). Cumulative lifetime and employment time limits Reduction in teenage pregnancy Increased child support enforcement Creation of work programs and supportive services At first the number of people on this program was falling, the number dropped by half. In addition to this the poverty rates fell to the lowest ever recorded levels. But despite this it was clear whether welfare families were better off under this program. Despite the encouraging numbers, it was still not so clear whether really welfare families were better off on the PRWORA program. By the year 2002, many of the welfare recipients were working in low paying jobs with few or no benefits. They were also not receiving food stamps, medical coverage. The income gains were also reduced by the loss of public benefits; this only made many welfare families to remain below the poverty line. Almost a third of this people who left welfare from work, were back within a year. This because they were unable to obtain steady job or reliable child care (Blank & Ron, 2001). In the current recession PRWORA would have adverse consequences on the poor families. First this will increase the role of the state. To fund this welfare, the state will have to have fixed block grants. Secondly this will increase the role of local identities. PROWORA allowed states to devolve their authorities even further to counties, private entities, and local government. In the current recession the transfer of authority will raise questions on accountability making it difficult for the government to oversee programs so as to ensure quality (Blank & Ron, 2001). Another consequence that will come with the current recession is change in the role of welfare workers. Considering that the PROWORA dramatically ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“ADC program in 1939 and PRWORA of 1996 Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
ADC program in 1939 and PRWORA of 1996 Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/sociology/1435892-adc-program-in
(ADC Program in 1939 and PRWORA of 1996 Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
ADC Program in 1939 and PRWORA of 1996 Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1435892-adc-program-in.
“ADC Program in 1939 and PRWORA of 1996 Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1435892-adc-program-in.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF ADC program in 1939 and PRWORA of 1996

The Rules of the Game (1939)

...The Rules of the Game (1939) Introduction The Rules of the Game is a movie which is based on a parody of the then-modern or contemporary higher class French society in the late 1930’s and just prior to the World War II. The original French title of the film is ‘La Regle du jeu’ and its director is Jean Renoir who is also its writer and bears a role as well in the movie. The movie was casted as the biggest commercial failure for Renoir at the time of its release and was repeatedly banned due to a number of reasons including its long duration and the eruption of the World War II. Its real prints were vanished during the strikes of World War II but it later (until the 1950’s) was redesigned almost completely by French film...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Analyzing Fed Policymaking 1996-1998

...? Analyzing Fed Policy Making 1996-1998 Presented Analyzing Fed Policy Making 1996-1998 The health of an economy is affected by various economic factors such as production output, employment, borrowing and spending among others. For any given period of time, an economy goes through recession and recovery at different points of the period. Between the period of 1990 and 2000, the U.S. economy underwent through a subsequent recovery with unemployment level falling to around 4 percent from over 7 percent. Business cycles are greatly affected by money supply; it determines the upward or downward aggregate output production. With upward rising of the aggregate, there are favorable conditions to drive economic...
4 Pages(1000 words)Term Paper

English Arbitration Act 1996

...?A Brief Study of the English Arbitration Act 1996 Introduction The roots of the English arbitration acts have been in existence for centuries. The first one was in 16981 followed by several acts that had organized and developed arbitration according to the requirements of each era. The last of these was the Arbitration Act 1996, which came into force on 31st of January 1997 (1996 Act).2 This Act was formed for improvements accumulating from the former arbitration acts and case law3 following the structure and language of the Model Law without completely adopting it.4 The 1996 Act is characterized by many features, the most important being confirming the Principle Part...
20 Pages(5000 words)Essay

Port to the American 1939 Civil War

...Port to the American 1939 Civil War Have civil wars altered or preached a demonstrative act of the consequences of disintegration with people dying as well as nations confiscating their acts to be able to move on within their termed line of history And has the 1939 civil war in America educated it of the repercussions of what sour devastations of breaking up into disparaged states instead of being United States of America In this paper I probe into different yet linked lessons in history which determine the destiny of a nation First: has war been an element or an allege to the political rights of freedom, liberty and equality which revolutionary acts all over the world have once dictated throughout their...
1 Pages(250 words)Research Proposal

Performance Review: Romeo & Juliet (Baz Lurhmann, 1996)

...Shakespeares Romeo & Juliet’, [Online] Available at: http://www.austinchronicle.com/gyrobase/Calendar/Film?Film=oid%3a137998 Brown, J. 1981, Discovering Shakespeare, Columbia University Press. Draper, J. 1939, ‘Shakespeares Star-Crossed Lovers’, The Review of English Studies, vol. 15, no. 57, pp. 16-34. Ebert, R. 1996, ‘Romeo & Juliet’, [Online] Available at: http://rogerebert.suntimes.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/19961101/REVIEWS/611010304/1023 Johanson, M. 1998, ‘Romeo in the Hood’, [Online] Available at:http://www.flickfilosopher.com/blog/1998/03/romeo_juliet_review.html LaSalle, M. 1996, ‘This `Romeo Is a True Tragedy’, [Online] Available at:...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Political Paper from 1930-1939

...of the decade, both forms of assistance, welfare and work programs were being supported by the government. This caused Quebec to begin to operate under a deficit to meet the growing demands of unemployment. “Overall the provincial debt doubled between 1930 and 1936 then doubled again between 1936 and 1939” (Linteau 1991). Canadas unemployment rate rose dramatically from 13 percent in 1930 to 26 percent in 1933, and net income fell from $417 million to $109 million in the same period (Mills). The increase in spending was mostly to either assist the unemployed, or to create projects to employ them. By the end of the Great Depression close to 250 million dollars were pumped into Quebec either through public...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

1996 Health care reform

...1996 Health Care Reform The Health Care Reform Act Introduction Background This Reform of 1996 transformed the operationsof hospital payments rates in New York. This reform permitted most financiers to bargain their own hospital compensation rates. The exemption to this is Medicaid compensation rates from the health department and also Medicare settlement rates from the central administration. HCRA also combined the hospital rates reimbursed by employees’ compensation and free coverage with the Medicaid segment rates. The previous act, the “New York Prospective Hospital Reimbursement Methodology” (NYPHRM), resembles the HCRA with three resources of finances to fund health coverage for the uncovered and...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Mount Everest 1996

...Management Assessment and Evaluation of Mount Everest Introduction Climbing of the Everest Mountain has been associated with many challenges ranging from management to physical and medical related problems. From the study, the writer clarifies that many attempts by climbers did not succeed due to rugged geographical terrain that barred most of them from attaining the optimum peak. However, two leaders Rob Hall and Scott Fischer decided to take a risk by venturing into Everest expedition, an operation that was associated with many risks including physical to managerial failures. The study clarifies that most people who acted as guide to the expedition process were incompetent having only participated in climbing of other mountains... Assessment...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study

The Hitler-Stalin Relationship: 1939-1941

... College: THE HITLER-STALIN RELATIONSHIP: 1939-1941 Adolf Hitler Born in 1889 in Austria, Adolf Hitler is known across theworld for been one of the toughest and most feared dictators. From a young age, Hitler desired to have power and control over those around him. It was on November 8th 1923 that he attempted to overthrow the then ruling government of Germany. He did this by combining forces with the SA and storming into a public meeting at the Munich Hall. It was here that Hitler announced the start of national revolution in Germany as well as the beginning of the formation of a new government. The coup, famously referred to as the Beer hall Putsch, led to the death of 20 people but it was unsuccessful. Three days later, Hitler... in...
9 Pages(2250 words)Term Paper

Philosophy Of Films Ransom 1996

...PHILOSOPHY OF FILMS; RANSOM 1996 [Insert Affiliation] The 1996 film, Ransom, categorized as a crime thriller stands out as one of the best movies in exploring philosophical concepts. Written by Alexander Ignon and Richard Price, and directed by the renowned Golden Globe Award winner director Ron Howard, the film features a kidnap case where Sean, Tom Mullen and Kate’s son, is kidnapped when his parents attend a science fair. Maris Connor, in the company of hacker Roberts Miles, immoral Cubby Barnes and Clark Barnes, takes Sean to an apartment and immediately writes an email to Tom Mullen and Kate, asking them to pay whopping $2, 000, 000 if they would like to have their son back. As a father, and...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic ADC program in 1939 and PRWORA of 1996 for FREE!

Contact Us