Different debates have been advanced in an effort to explain racial thinking and racialism in general. Among these is the impact that the slave trade had on the commencement and advancement of racial thinking…
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Different debates have been advanced in an effort to explain racial thinking and racialism in general. Among these is the impact that the slave trade had on the commencement and advancement of racial thinking. Racialism is seen as the division of colour among the people of the world. It is also viewed as an identifier of cultural and social differences. Others view race as a creation of the human mind that developed in the post slavery era in an attempt to explain the social differences that arose in the society at this time. Race may not be real but racial thinking is, and it affects the way people relate towards each other, how some are perceived by others, and even government policies in some cases. People who are seen as members of certain races are accorded more privileges than others. Until only recently, in countries like South Africa, there were schools for blacks and schools for whites, different residential places for whites and blacks and jobs for black people and white people. Slavery abolition is seen as the starting point and a major contributor to racial thinking.
2.0 The Slave Trade
Slave trade is defined as acts that involve capturing, buying, using and disposal of a person with the intention of reducing them to a slave. It also entails acts intended at capturing an individual with the aim of selling them or exchanging them, trading in them and transporting them. Article four of ‘The Universal Declaration of Human Rights’ says that no person should be held as a slave and that slavery should be discouraged in all its forms (Bales, 1999). This and many other regulations outlaw slavery in today’s world. However, overall, slavery is practiced today, just as it was practiced in the past. The only difference is that today, it is less evident and it is practiced secretly. Examples of slavery today include forced household labour and other forms of labour, forced prostitution and so on (Bales, 1999). Slave trade has been around since the 15th century. Portuguese started the transatlantic slave trade in 1519 and it ended in 1867. Many Africans are estimated to have been transported from Africa to the Caribbean and America to work for European settlers’ plantations, mines and estates. Britain’s involvement in the transatlantic slave trade was between the years of 1660 and 1807. In Britain, the Abolition of the Slave Trade Act of 1807 marked the beginning of the process to end slave trade. Ships that had already left shore for more slaves by this time were allowed a further year to complete trading in slaves. In North America and the Caribbean, slave trade was abolished in 1834. Former slaves were however required to work for their masters for a further 6 years as apprentices. The Bahamas and Antigua later passed laws abolishing this apprentice clause. Other colonies, owing to public pressure also abolished this clause in 1838. Slave trade in other parts of the world did not last much longer after these dates (Ray, 1989). It ended paving way for a much greater evil, racial divisions. 2.1 Argument for and against slavery 2.1.1 Advantages of Slavery Slavery fuelled the slave trade that in turn led to further development of international trade. When the slave trade came to an end in the mid of the 18th century, it was replaced by trade in other wares and in Agricultural products. Africans had become accustomed to goods from the western world. As such, they yearned for such goods that they were used to buying through
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However, slavery has been in existence for long periods and Berlin (1998: 61) argues that the practice predates civilization. In early prehistoric times, slavery played a critical role in the economic development of prominent ancient civilizations. Similarly, racism is an ancient practice that persists to date.
Union Success in the Civil War and the adoption of the Thirteenth Amendment made slavery illegal in United States. The Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments were enacted to complete this process by officially extending citizenship and voting rights to all African Americans regardless of previous conditions of servitude.
Jefferson’s view on Americanization was that of people having rights, freedom and liberty to exercise those rights and, of course, white skin. Jefferson sees Americans as being citizens of the state in every possible way from character, laws and freedom.
Many observers also presumed that these nations would also bloom into being modern financially independent states that would have their own identities. This, for the most part, has not been forthcoming. The reality is that colonialism affected the colonised masses in more ways than could have been imagined.
The author discusses the period of anti-slavery movement as a terrible bloodshed period, because the abolition process resulted in violent protests from different parts of America. The protested groups were poor laborers from the northern states who were afraid of losing their jobs to freed slaves, and merchants who feared losing their business.
ery in the country, efforts that were rewarded when the slave trade was ended through the emancipation declaration, which paved the way for the release of the slave trade. Women played an active role in the abolitionist movement in the country and when the movement achieved
According to the report various ideologies were also stated in condemning slavery by terming it as a sin and an outdated way of living. The whites were expected to resolve the issue and accommodate the blacks as full members of the American society. Slavery was also associated with denying the blacks various rights like voting.
Life is molded by Social dynamics and we are inevitably sociable given our social concept of life. Our relationship with others is marked by reminiscences of our experiences.The society is cruel particularly to the minorities that she deemed as a social evil. At this stage of life Moody was exposed to racial segregation and unfair treatment of the blacks.
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