Nobody downloaded yet

Why Might Sociologists Be Interested in how People Experience Mental Illness - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Introduction
For a long time, mental health topic has been attracting a lot of interest from sociologists. Emile Durkheim, who is regarded as the father of modern sociology made one of the first attempts to interrogate the relationship between human behavior and mental health in the late 19th century. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95% of users find it useful
Why Might Sociologists Be Interested in how People Experience Mental Illness
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Why Might Sociologists Be Interested in how People Experience Mental Illness"

Download file to see previous pages Since then, the field of mental health has expanded into many categories including the various types of mental disorders, their causative factors, treatment and rehabilitation of mental patients. This paper examines the fundamental reasons why sociologists are interested in people with mental disorders. In particular, it examines sick role and labeling sociological approaches to mental illness to evaluate how sociologists apply them to understand mental illness from a sociological perspective. Mental illness and biomedical model Psychiatrists and other mental professionals apply various diagnostic methods in treatment, and management of mental illnesses. These medical approaches have various similarities and differences from sociological perspective. Medical model that is widely applied by psychiatrists and psychologists considers illnesses as malfunctioning of internal health determinants in the body (Albretch, et al 2003). This implies that health is determined by discrete biological and psychological components that determine whether an individual is normal or healthy. To restore health, the medical model emphasizes on the need to indentify and treat the specific causative factors within the body (Mulatu, et al 2002). Psychiatry, a branch of medicine that deals with mental disorders is founded on scientific logic that emphasizes on biological reasoning. This reasoning maintains the existence of discrete boundary that differentiates normal from abnormal behavior as far as mental health is concerned (Albretch, et al 2003). In this case, the medical model holds that mental disorders can be categorized and diagnosed into distinct ailments, by application of scientific logic. Sociological approaches to illness Sociological perspective on mental health holds that the environment or social situation of an individual determines mental health (Bird, Conrad, and Allen 2000). Sociologists have critically interrogated what constitutes to normal and abnormal behavior in regard to mental health. Durkheim (1951), asserted the importance of establishing parameters to differentiate normal mental health from mental disorders in order to establish harmony in the society. The criterion that differentiates the normal from diseased mental cases varies across different cultures or social groups depending on the values that the group holds. Durkheim (1951) argued that social control play a significant role in determining how the rules defining normal and abnormal mental health are applied. This implies that social values play a critical role in defining acceptable unacceptable behavior in the society. In this case, evaluating mental disorders from a deviance perspective is one of the major approaches applied by sociologists. Parsons (1951), one of the earliest medical sociologists to conceptualize disease as a form of deviance in the society argued that society comprises of various components that function systematically to ensure its stability and smooth running. According to Parson (1951: p62), disease in every social structure threatens social harmony because it undermines the ability of people to play their roles effectively. In this view, sociologists consider health as a state that enables a person perform his or her role in the society as an equal member. On the other hand, disease is regarded as a form of deviance that limits the ability of an individual to contribute effectively in the society. According to Parson (1951), illnesses causes withdrawal of motivation, resulting to reduced participation and subsequent low productivity in society. Parsons model of mental disorders, from which sick role was developed from attributes the fall in motivation to high expectations that expects young people in transition from ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Why Might Sociologists Be Interested in how People Experience Mental Essay”, n.d.)
Why Might Sociologists Be Interested in how People Experience Mental Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/sociology/1431829-why-might-sociologists-be-interested-in-how-people
(Why Might Sociologists Be Interested in How People Experience Mental Essay)
Why Might Sociologists Be Interested in How People Experience Mental Essay. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1431829-why-might-sociologists-be-interested-in-how-people.
“Why Might Sociologists Be Interested in How People Experience Mental Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1431829-why-might-sociologists-be-interested-in-how-people.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Why Might Sociologists Be Interested in how People Experience Mental Illness

Mental illness

...?"Mental Illness and Substance Abuse" Psychology is perceived as a field which deals with the mentally challenged individuals but in today's scenario, psychology encompasses a study of individual's brainpower and performance. It is an understanding towards deliberations, thinking, feelings and actions that are being displayed by an individual and finds application in every aspect of life comprising physical and mental well being, self-help, ergonomics implicating health and daily life. Studies reveal that the mental makeup of the individual is basically driven by psychology and hence psychology plays a vital role in defining, shaping the perception and motives of individuals. In this respect, there exist a direct relation between... ,...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Mental illness

... and overlap among commonly labeled psychological illnesses. The implications of labeling behaviors as either normal or abnormal can be far-reaching for both the individual and the society. The main area of concern is stigmatization, for common people don’t have a proper understanding of what different mental illnesses entail. Historically, people carrying mental illnesses were loosely classified as ‘insane’, with all the attendant negative connotations for the term. But in truth, not all mental illnesses can be related to insanity, and in most cases, a bout of illness is transient and temporary. For example, a bereaved husband who has lost his wife can be expected to fall into depression. But it is unlikely that the person... psychological...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Mental Illness

...step of diagnosis is the assessment process, which includes observation and evaluating developmental history of the child. The medical professions or qualified social workers with experience should carry out assessment process in order to determine the causes and symptoms; thus offer effective therapeutic interventions to the patient. The first step of diagnosis to people with mental illness problems includes assessment process and earlier diagnosis. This is because people who are diagnosed and treated earlier have a high chance of being successful in learning institutions and they are able to improve their health status; hence eventually living...
10 Pages(2500 words)Case Study

Mental Illness

...? Mental Illness Mental Illness After reading the article, it is evident that it is meant to educate and teach on some of the methods used in the identification and maintenance of mental illness. I would like to expound on some of the methods described in the article. It is my belief that the researchers did most things right by having a wide scope of families to choose from, hence; making it easier to have results. However, one thing that might not be clear is the manner in which they left the study. There was no long-term check up on the individuals on whom the study was carried out on (Fristad, Goldberg-Arnold &...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Why is mental illness a stigmatizing experience

...Why is mental illness a stigmatizing experience Introduction The ground of my research is to evaluate that how metal illness and stigma related to one and other, why people experience stigma at the stage of mental sickness, considerations on the stigma of mental illness and how it's evaluated or measured. About Stigma Stigma related to the state of humiliation or embarrassment because it badly affects the life of the person which is experiencing the illness. "Goffman noted that it was the ancient...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Mental Illness

...schizophrenia, which accounts a permanent and unchanging binary opposition between the interests and experiences of people. Since the initial development of social models in the 1970s, social ideas have become a crucially important explanatory tool for those people who have some mental illness. Social model explanations of disability represents a different way of explaining disabled people's oppression from previous medicalised accounts, because for the first time they have suggested that many of the problems disabled people face are caused not by their impairments, but rather because society is...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Personal experience with mental illness and treatment

... Mental Illness and Treatment A mental disorder, or a psychological disorder, is a behavior pattern that causes distress or disability in the individual, and anyone related to him, and is not a part of the individual’s normal development pattern, or his culture. Recognizing these behavior patterns are somewhat varied and the conditions of their identification changes over time and in between cultures. My own personal experience with one of these disorders was faced with similar problems. The varied opinions of the people related to us, and the doctors, made it difficult to make a diagnoses. My youngest brother suffers from autism. He is only fourteen years old and was diagnosed very late. We always used to wonder why he was never... the...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Mental Illness

...There are many mental disorders that have a negative effect on the patient’s life. One such disorder is ADHD or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. It is a term that describes a range of abnormal behaviors that are often displayed by school-going children. The typical age of onset for this order is between three and six. However ADHD may also persist in people of older age. Whatever the age of the patient, ADHD is really troublesome since it causes a lot of problems for the person in his daily life. Also it is difficult for the person to actively take part in social activities. ADHD does not have any predefined symptoms and that is the reason why it is so confusing to diagnose a...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Mental Illness

...researchers in the fight against such discriminations is crucial (Corrigan, et al., 2011). It is only after contemplating why people discriminate mentally ill persons, that new strategy of how to curb the menace can be developed. On the same note, if a course can be introduced in schools curriculum on how to cope with persons with mental illnesses, then the society would have a good understanding of how discrimination affects the society (Fink, & Tasman, 1992). In another dimension, political factors can also play a big part in reducing discrimination against mentally...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Mental Illness

...Mental Illness Introduction Mental illness is a medical condition that interferes with how a person thinks, his way of feelings and how he relates to people he meets around while carrying out his daily chores (Busfield 1). Mental illnesses tend to cause too much suffering to those experiencing them as well as to friends and family members. According to word health organizations, these problems will be in the rise and the figure is projected to rise to a bigger level by the year 2020. Unlike any other diseases, mental illness affects the brain. They tend...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Why Might Sociologists Be Interested in how People Experience Mental Illness for FREE!

Contact Us