We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Why Might Sociologists Be Interested in how People Experience Mental Illness - Essay Example

Comments (0)
For a long time, mental health topic has been attracting a lot of interest from sociologists. Emile Durkheim, who is regarded as the father of modern sociology made one of the first attempts to interrogate the relationship between human behavior and mental health in the late 19th century. …
Download full paper
Why Might Sociologists Be Interested in how People Experience Mental Illness
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
Why Might Sociologists Be Interested in how People Experience Mental Illness

Download file to see previous pages... Since then, the field of mental health has expanded into many categories including the various types of mental disorders, their causative factors, treatment and rehabilitation of mental patients. This paper examines the fundamental reasons why sociologists are interested in people with mental disorders. In particular, it examines sick role and labeling sociological approaches to mental illness to evaluate how sociologists apply them to understand mental illness from a sociological perspective. Mental illness and biomedical model Psychiatrists and other mental professionals apply various diagnostic methods in treatment, and management of mental illnesses. These medical approaches have various similarities and differences from sociological perspective. Medical model that is widely applied by psychiatrists and psychologists considers illnesses as malfunctioning of internal health determinants in the body (Albretch, et al 2003). This implies that health is determined by discrete biological and psychological components that determine whether an individual is normal or healthy. To restore health, the medical model emphasizes on the need to indentify and treat the specific causative factors within the body (Mulatu, et al 2002). Psychiatry, a branch of medicine that deals with mental disorders is founded on scientific logic that emphasizes on biological reasoning. This reasoning maintains the existence of discrete boundary that differentiates normal from abnormal behavior as far as mental health is concerned (Albretch, et al 2003). In this case, the medical model holds that mental disorders can be categorized and diagnosed into distinct ailments, by application of scientific logic. Sociological approaches to illness Sociological perspective on mental health holds that the environment or social situation of an individual determines mental health (Bird, Conrad, and Allen 2000). Sociologists have critically interrogated what constitutes to normal and abnormal behavior in regard to mental health. Durkheim (1951), asserted the importance of establishing parameters to differentiate normal mental health from mental disorders in order to establish harmony in the society. The criterion that differentiates the normal from diseased mental cases varies across different cultures or social groups depending on the values that the group holds. Durkheim (1951) argued that social control play a significant role in determining how the rules defining normal and abnormal mental health are applied. This implies that social values play a critical role in defining acceptable unacceptable behavior in the society. In this case, evaluating mental disorders from a deviance perspective is one of the major approaches applied by sociologists. Parsons (1951), one of the earliest medical sociologists to conceptualize disease as a form of deviance in the society argued that society comprises of various components that function systematically to ensure its stability and smooth running. According to Parson (1951: p62), disease in every social structure threatens social harmony because it undermines the ability of people to play their roles effectively. In this view, sociologists consider health as a state that enables a person perform his or her role in the society as an equal member. On the other hand, disease is regarded as a form of deviance that limits the ability of an individual to contribute effectively in the society. According to Parson (1951), illnesses causes withdrawal of motivation, resulting to reduced participation and subsequent low productivity in society. Parsons model of mental disorders, from which sick role was developed from attributes the fall in motivation to high expectations that expects young people in transition from ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
How does the Mental Health Act (1983) protect both people with mental illness and members of the public Is the Act fair
In this Act, it is evident that the persons concerned are treated as humans with all their rights adhered to, as well as creation of an aftercare program whereby the concerned patients can undergo proper rehabilitation. As seen in the work of various analysts and researchers, mentally ill persons have faced a lot of discrimination from the society (Ramon & Williams, 2005).It is from this fact that they have been regarded as inferior and a disadvantaged group of persons.
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
Vocational Rehabilitation for People with Mental Illness in the UK
Most important factors causative to rejection of the president's suggestion were its difficulty, the insight that consumers would give up option in health care providers, and complicated and luxurious lobbying by groups that wished to uphold the status quo (Atwood, N.
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Attitudes toward People with Mental Illness
The person who entered the cafeteria was aged in his 20s, apparently just like the rest of the students sitting there, except for the fact that everybody knew him! He was Sick-o-Neal, a mental patient for the last four years, an ace student in mathematics, absolutely dumb in the rest of the subjects and having no social life.
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Why is mental illness a stigmatizing experience
"Goffman noted that it was the ancient Greeks who originated the term "to refer to bodily signs designed to expose something unusual and bad about the moral status of the signifier." (Scheffer, 2003) Media played a great role in portraying the negative side of mental-illness.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Mental Illness
(Ronald, 2001, p8.4) An example is the crying of a 2-year old child, which is considered quite acceptable. However, the same phenomena repeated by a man would seem quite strange. The reason is our society high expectations, which explains why a behaviour defined as abnormal in one culture may be considered normal in another.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Personal experience with mental illness and treatment
The varied opinions of the people related to us, and the doctors, made it difficult to make a diagnoses. My youngest brother suffers from autism. He is only fourteen years old and was diagnosed very late. We always used to wonder why
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Mental Illness
The one this paper will focus on is panic disorder. Anxiety disorders can often bring about panic attacks which are a rush of adrenaline felt giving the person a fight or flight feeling. Panic disorder is described as a situation such as
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Mental Illness
However ADHD may also persist in people of older age. Whatever the age of the patient, ADHD is really troublesome since it causes a lot of problems for the person in his daily life. Also it is difficult for the person to
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Mental Illness
sponsibility by all stakeholders be advocated in order to not only help the affected persons, but also to have an integration of a society with acumen problem solving tips. It is indispensable that clinicians and other medical personnel come up with mechanisms of helping
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Mental Illness
According to word health organizations, these problems will be in the rise and the figure is projected to rise to a bigger level by the year 2020. Unlike any other diseases, mental illness affects the brain. They tend to derail the capacity of
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic Why Might Sociologists Be Interested in how People Experience Mental Illness for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us