Defining unemployment: a social problem and perspectives associated with media, government and civl society - Essay Example

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What is the social definition of unemployment? Research has found several varying meanings.1. “Unemployment is defined as a situation where someone of working age is not able to get a job but would like to be in full time employment.” ( 2010, p. 1)…
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Defining unemployment: a social problem and perspectives associated with media, government and civl society
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Download file to see previous pages What is the social definition of unemployment? Research has found several varying meanings.1. “Unemployment is defined as a situation where someone of working age is not able to get a job but would like to be in full time employment.” ( 2010, p. 1). This excludes such persons as a mother who left work to care for a child or someone who is seeking higher education; they are not working and not actively seeking employment. Another area that is not included in unemployment is voluntary unemployed. These are persons who by choice choose not to take a job at the going rate because of wrong job, wrong pay, location, etc. A grey area exists with these types of persons whether they could be counted as unemployed, because they are still seeking employment but for one reason or another have not taken jobs offered them. Another definition given from the economic/government standpoint states, 2. “Persons 16 years and over who had no employment during the reference week, were available for work, except for temporary illness, and had made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the 4 week period ending with the reference week. Persons who were waiting to be recalled to a job from which they had been laid off need not have been looking for work to be classified as unemployed.” (Bureau of Labor Statistics 2011, p.1). The labour force is defined as, “the number of people employed plus the number of unemployed but seeking work.” ( 2011, p. 1). ...
d Differing Perspectives According to Adrian Sinfield, when society has high unemployment there is an increase in other social ills such as ill-health, premature death, suicide attempts and actual suicide, marriage breakdown, child battering, racial conflicts and football hooliganism. (Sinfield 2002, p.1). There are statistics that link unemployment with poor health. 1. Unemployed persons who left school in Leeds had substantially worse mental health than employed persons who left school. 2. A British study in 1971 found that there was a 20% higher mortality rate among unemployed. 3. A study in 1982 in Edinburgh found that suicide and attempts among men were 20 times higher among the unemployed. 4. Studies have also shown that children of unemployed parents are not as tall as children of employed parents. (Sinfield 2002, p.4). Some of these studies are rather inconclusive; however, some studies do establish a correlation. It is obvious unemployment causes financial difficulty for those concerned as unemployment benefits have declined in recent years relative to current wages. According to Fagin and Little “employment gives people their sense of identity, especially their social identity.”(Sinfield 2002, p.4). Simply, people who work have structure in their lives and people who don’t find it hard to keep themselves occupied. Structured living is a means of psychological need; as the unemployed have less relaxed sleep patterns. Work provides a firm sense of purpose and income gives the means of freedom and control of ones own life outside of work. (Blacksacademy 2002, p.4). There are several theories of unemployment that have a direction effect on the problems. Frictional unemployment happens when people change jobs. Structural unemployment happens when changes in ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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