Nobody downloaded yet

Civil Society and Religious Figures in Saudi Arabia - Dissertation Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Civil Society and Religious Figures in Saudi Arabia Amna ALSamarrai Director Supervisor Introduction The era of colonial dominance, the end of the cold war and the gulf war have played a major role in shaping the political and socio-cultural context both directly and indirectly in the Arab and Muslim world, especially in Middle East and North Africa…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.9% of users find it useful
Civil Society and Religious Figures in Saudi Arabia
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Civil Society and Religious Figures in Saudi Arabia"

Download file to see previous pages However, these concepts, as they are understood in the Western context, were not equally accepted or adopted by the various MENA nations, due to their differences in tribal affiliations, culture and civilization, religious constraints and divergent political and social systems. The movement was seen as an attempt of transplant Western thoughts into non-Western civilizations, therefore it was condemned as intrusive and eventually negated, mostly by radical Muslim fundamentalists. Saudi Arabia is the best example of a nation that questions the adoption of what it regards as imported ideologies from the outer world. Observers in the West thought Saudi to be isolated from the influence of colonialism and the cold war. I argue that Saudi wasn't really totally cut off from these democratic conceptions coming from the West. In fact, literature traces a history of events showing Saudis to be exposed to these modern concepts, and had actually adopted and modified these to commensurate with their own social and religious nature without carrying the western metaphors. This was accrued with the flow of Muslim pilgrims from all over the world, the oil-boom waves of expatriates and the sent abroad Saudi student - who some of them became part of the elite members when return in late 1970s - had been the indirect source of that western influence. However, globalization with its technological revolution is another major source of spreading the Euro-American modern secularized language and thoughts in contemporary Saudi culture. Saudi Arabia, despite the religious conservatism of its society, has one of the largest groups of liberal reformists in any country in the Middle East. The wealth resulting from its oil industry has enabled the country to send tens of thousands of its young citizens to the West to acquire modern college and graduate level education. The result is that a new generation of enlightened young Saudis have become convinced of the imperatives of modernization and competition in the global arena. While they support the royal family, they are convinced of the need for social and economic reform (Zakaria, 2012). This dynamic is manifesting in the strengthening initiatives of civil society and the growing confidence with which non-governmental organizations are pursuing reforms. The bureaucracy in Saudi Arabia is traditionalistic and resistant to radical change; this is not true only of the Kingdom but of every other Middle Eastern country. These governments are constrained to deliberate on the course of economic and social development, generate the projects that will bring about this development in a comprehensive long-term plan, supervise project execution and continue their operations and maintenance once they have been established (Nimir & Palmer, 1982). The workings of the bureaucracy are therefore of great interest to civil society which seeks the speedier and more democratic pursuit of those plans and projects. The third element in this situation, unique to countries in the Middle East that have a strong Islamic following, is the religious leaders, the ulama, who oversee all aspects of social and political life to ascertain their compliance with the teachings of Islam. The religious influence is particularly significant in the case of Saudi Arabia which is the seat of Islam for all Muslim faithful. Added to this is the fourth ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Civil Society and Religious Figures in Saudi Arabia Dissertation”, n.d.)
Civil Society and Religious Figures in Saudi Arabia Dissertation. Retrieved from
(Civil Society and Religious Figures in Saudi Arabia Dissertation)
Civil Society and Religious Figures in Saudi Arabia Dissertation.
“Civil Society and Religious Figures in Saudi Arabia Dissertation”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Civil Society and Religious Figures in Saudi Arabia

Civil society and religious figures in Saudi Arabia

...In this study, the role of civil society is treated as an arm of the monarchy in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, to aid the leadership in its goal of fostering social and economic development. According to Al Alekri, et al. (2008), attempts to portray the Civil Service Organizations in countries within the GCC will generally be met with pessimism because for CSOs in this region the State is the funding party. “The main reason for weaknesses found within these organizations is the governing structure found in their hosting countries. There, the state is dominant, and the society depends on the state for its needs” (Al Alekri, et al., 2008,...
31 Pages(7750 words)Literature review

Saudi Arabia

... Saudi Monarchy and its along the Passage of History ]In a fair political term, the political system of the Kingdomof Saudi Arabia can be considered as absolute monarchy. Indeed Saudi Arabian monarchy considers the king as the head of both the state and its government. The King of Saudi Arab functions as the chairman of the country’s Council of Ministers. But since the country is ruled according to the Islamic Laws, the King does not preserve any right to enact laws. He only “issues royal decrees in accord with the shari’a” (Matthes et al 2). The most difficult duty that the King has to perform is to maintain a balanced and harmonious relationship among the Royal Family members, the upper-class people of the society and the Ulama... , an...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Religious diversity in Saudi Arabia and US

...but they are for other kinds of reasons like saving power, and are not grounded in any religion. Another factor that elaborates lesser freedom of religion in Saudi Arabia than the USA is the fact that there are no churches in Saudi Arabia whereas in the USA, there are churches, mosques, synagogues, and Temples to entertain the religious needs of all of the communities that make part of the American society including the Christians, Muslims, Jews, and Hindus etc. Presently, Saudi Arabia does not have any official churches with a Christian denomination. Lack of official churches makes it very difficult for...
4 Pages(1000 words)Speech or Presentation

Saudi Arabia

...Islamic Saudi Arabia Introduction The present day Saudi Arabia owes its existence to Prophet Mohammad, Holy Koran, Islam and Meccah, Medina. Before the arrival of prophet, the Arabian society was divided and diversified, with different tribes holding various religious faiths. The social and cultural bondage was virtually absent, among such tribes, during those days. This can be judged from the reading about pre-Islamic history of Saudi Arabia, as given below. The magnetic attraction of Prophet towards people of different backgrounds helped the unification of all Arabian communities, which resulted in the...
15 Pages(3750 words)Research Paper

Religious figures

...? of the Religious Figures: Mahavira (Eastern Religions) and Abraham (Western Religions) People follow different religions based on their beliefs and upbringing. There are Buddhism, Islam, Jainism, Judaism, Christianity and many more. In this paper, we will discuss about Mahavira, the preacher of one of eastern religions and Abraham, the preacher of one of western religions. We will highlight the lives and teachings of the two religious figures analyzing their similarities and differences. According to the History, Lord Mahavir was the last Tirthankara of the Jain religion. As per the Jain methodology all Tirthankaras were human beings. They acquired the status of...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

Saudi Arabia

...with a majority of the Muslims belonging to the Sunni division and only 10% to 15% belonging to the Shi’a division (Zuhur 175). Born in 571 AD, Prophet Muhammad is believed to be the founder of Islam. The prophet became the spiritual leader and temporal, preaching the oneness of Allah, causing Islam to substitute traditional tribal loyalties for religious bond. It was a century later that Arabs conquered the greater civilized world, spreading Islam (Janin and Besheer 19). Therefore, mosques are many in the country with social norms being governed by the dictates of the Quran. From the religion, lifestyle and culture of the Saudis have developed the culture of etiquette. According to...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Civil society and religious figures in Saudi Arabia - literature review2 place, according to an assessment by Freedom House Tunisia (Sprusansky, 2012). In Saudi Arabia, it was noted that the NGOs, charitable sector, and associations are principal actors in advancing the socio-political dialogue and social reform between the people and the governing Al Sa’ud family. Civil society has fostered more robust discussion and expression of dissent in addition to fulfilling their role as charitable organisations. The Sa’ud family exists simultaneously within the state where they are perceived as bureaucrats, and civil society where they are perceived as a magnanimous family (Fandy, 1999, cited in Montagu, 2010). A...
5 Pages(1250 words)Literature review

Saudi Arabia

...Saudi Arabia The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is located in a vital maritime location facing the Arabian Gulf and the Red Sea. The Kingdom has approximately 2100 km of coastal beaches attracting tourists seeking a little fun in the sun. These beaches, characterized by a vast variety of marine life, also bring a great deal of benefit to the kingdom’s fishery industry, representing a significant source of food and income for the local populace and businesses. Unfortunately, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has traditionally not put much effort into developing this industry. The craftsmen in the fishing trade are still using the traditional...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Saudi Arabia

...; and passports of foreign workers were illegally retained with their wages also withheld for months, sometimes years (Eye of the UN “UN Authority Figures”). For the United States, the above violations are very rare occurrences in the labor sector. The United States is equipped with various labor laws and civil laws which help prevent these violations. Because of its strong labor rights protection, the US has managed to draw in more laborers; this has helped contribute to strong exports for the United States and lesser trade deficits (Weller & Zucconi “Issues”). Organizing/% of Unionization Unionization in Saudi Arabia is prohibited. Their basic laws do not...
7 Pages(1750 words)Admission/Application Essay

Civil society and religious figures in Saudi Arabia - Application to Transfer

... view of civil society and the current Saudi civil society systems and structures. This is because preliminary readings show that there are various variances and limitations in the way and manner through which the two different civil society structures are organized. This is because literature identifies that Saudi Arabia’s political and religious institutions are authoritarian in nature. This is not the same as what exists in the Western world. Thus, the dissertation will focus on the articulation of a new construct that will define a new and completely different set of actionable proposals and principles that can be implemented by public policymakers and key stakeholders in the civic society. The recommendations will be based... that are...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Dissertation on topic Civil Society and Religious Figures in Saudi Arabia for FREE!

Contact Us