Running head: Sociology for Work Assignment Four Insert Name Insert Insert 23 June 2011 Topic: Quotes Do you think society is in an era of education (or schooling)? Discuss how education impacts professions and professionals…
Download file to see previous pages...
The implementation of education system from kindergarten to universities worldwide indicates just how education is valued in the society. According to chapter 11 (pp 258), “professions are knowledge based occupations.” What differentiates various professions is the knowledge acquired, for instance, in universities students choose to concentrate on particular courses, such as medicine and law among others. A law student is trained to be competent lawyer in the future and understands the law system of their country very well. Whereas a medicine student may specialize in a particular area, for instance, surgery or pharmacy, which is mainly practical, thus becoming a professional in that particular profession. Therefore, education moulds students to being professionals who occupy different professions in the world. It however evident that even admission to professional schools has become more competitive, and the management of such schools limit the number of students to be enrolled with an aim to produce the best in terms of quality and competitiveness (chapter 11, pp 265). Topic: Professions and occupations A profession can be described as a “knowledge –based occupation, characterized by specialized knowledge, autonomy, and authority over clients and subordinate occupational groups” (chapter11pp 258). ...
Semi-professions often refer to those occupations that have profession’s characteristics but are limited in autonomy. Some examples include schoolteachers and librarians among others, which are mostly dominated by women. However, Para-professions are regarded to as assistants of actual professions, and are delegated duties. A paramedic can be considered a Para-professional since he provides first aid to a patient before he can have access to a hospital, where the patient can be attended to by a professional doctor. Para-professionals are limited to knowledge, since they are supervised by the professionals who expect quality from their tasks (chapter 11, and pp 277). Topic: Management/ Bureaucracy a. Does your company employ a meritocracy value? Meritocracy is related to bureaucracy; however, it is more persuasive in commitment to the society and it is more involved in spiritual value and a person’s ambition and focuses more on equality. At my workplace, it is evident that meritocracy exists, since we are provided with equal opportunities especially in advancing education, with the company catering for half of the tuition, thus motivating the employees to advance in their studies while still working. However, the only objection to meritocracy is the issue of equal pay; employees at my work place are paid according to their qualification, skills, and experience. Moreover, promotion varies with the number of years worked and the level of education advanced during the years of service. b. How significant is the level of bureaucracy at your place of employment? Bureaucracy in our organization is realistic and evident in the way work is organized and distributed to
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Certain people just have more than others. The flip side of that coin, however, is the idea that society strengthens these types of stereotypes in hopes of making them real. Social conflict theory, or the idea that there is a class struggle between rich and poor, is not a new idea.
According to Greaver, “outsourcing is the act of transferring some of an organization’s recurring internal activities and decisions rights to outside providers, as set forth in a contract” (Greaver, 1999, pp3). Therefore, outsourcing involves transferring of factors of production, which include resources, personnel, and technology that enable a task to be completed.
Consequently, these organizations and individuals are in a position to change their policies and strategies on the one hand, and raise the prices of their products and fees against their services on the other. Additionally, the companies may also decrease the quality of their products, and the consumers are bound to purchase the sub-standard products against the same price.
Sociologists are not restricted when it comes to undertaking a research; they are well equipped to conduct a micro level analysis and a macro level analysis (Ferrante, 2011). The most significant contribution in the field was done by the sociologist of Europe, who provided a conceptualisation of the major variables of a society.
Globalization has brought forward four ways in which it can be differentiated from others. First, it includes a widening of political, social and economic activities across the boundaries of regions and continents. Second, it is noticeable by the strengthening or the rising scale of flows of capital, trade, migration, culture, etc.
pinion, Stanley Cunningham (2002), who is the author of the book “The idea of propaganda” provides the most appropriate explanation of propaganda. According to Cunningham (2002), propaganda means there is information control and belief manipulation while at the same time
major role in the success of many of the most prominent companies in the world and it is for this reason that many companies often strive to ensure that this is achieved among their employees. The fact that it is job satisfaction among employees that determine whether companies