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Domestic religious terrorist - Research Paper Example

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Running head: Domestic Religious Terrorist Abortion Clinic Attacks Insert Name Insert Insert 08 April 2012 Introduction Acts of domestic terrorism in the United States are mainly connected to religious ideology that has created an environment for legitimate violence directed at specific targets (White, 1989)…
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Download file to see previous pages The Federal Bureau of Investigations of America defines terrorism as a violent act or an act dangerous to human life, in violation of the criminal laws of the United States or of any state, to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population, or may segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objectives (Terrorism 2002-2005, Federal Bureau of Investigation. 28 C.F.R. Section 0.85). Domestic terrorism is home grown and has consequences for only the host country, its institutions, people, property and policies (Sandler, 2003). One form of religious domestic terrorism is orchestrated by radical anti abortion groups. These are groups and individuals who are driven by their sacred beliefs to commit actions of violence and murder to people whose actions are in contradiction to their religious beliefs and practice. Violent anti abortion movements represent a group of people willing to use violence against abortion clinicians and their facilities to save the lives of the unborn. Abortion issues came to the limelight after the United States Supreme Court ruled in favor of the defendant in the 1973 case commonly known as Roe v. Wade (1973). The ruling legalized abortion on the prefix that existing antiabortion laws violated a woman’s constitutional right to privacy (Faux, 1988). In an attempt to overturn the ruling pro-life movements nationalized their efforts through formation of various groups including the National Rights to Life Committee (Blanchard and Terry, 1993). The movement used peaceful means to bring about change which was very slow leading to a surge in violent and illegal antiabortion protests. The shocking attacks against the abortionists and the media coverage given to the incidents led to fear and anxiety in the public and abortion facilities. The attacks were meant to dissuade the public and the doctors from carrying out abortions. The use of violence against abortion clinics and physicians that results in death, injury, and destruction of property by anti abortionists’ movements, warrants them being labeled as terrorists. Sociological Significance Extremist anti abortion groups that stage religious attacks communicate a terrorist message to an audience (Victoroff, 2005). They want the government to take a hard line stance against abortion, prevent the public from seeking abortion services, and prevent the physicians, abortion facilities, and hospitals from offering the services. The anti abortion terrorist activities are reinforced by use of death threats, bomb attacks, butyric acid attacks, picketing, gluing locks, chaining protestors to doors among many other tactics. Anti abortion attacks in the United States have evolved into a culture something that perhaps makes them continue to date. Recent year data available showed that in 2000, half the abortion providers experienced some form of violent anti-abortion activity with the actions resulting in physicians and other support staff resigning due to the harassment and the violence (Henshaw and Finer, 2003). Anti abortion violence has the direct effect of reducing the abortion services offered (Doan, 2007), due to the reluctance of the providers to offer the services and closure of some of the facilities in violence prone areas. In some incidents, the tenants refuse to lease their property to businesses that ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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