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Arguments Regarding Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) - Essay Example

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This discussion explores the arguments concerning the use of CCTV surveillance. The proponents of CCTV surveillance mostly cite its benefits in improving security while the opponents feel that their privacy rights are being violated. The benefits and effectiveness of CCTV technology are discussed. …
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Arguments Regarding Closed Circuit Television (CCTV)
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Download file to see previous pages This essay discusses that the physical security industry is ever advancing and one of the most common trends today is the use of Closed Circuit Television (CCTV). CCTV is used to monitor activities in public places such as towns, airports, schools, parks, streets, banks, hospitals, workplaces and even homes. The use of CCTV systems has become a common phenomenon in the modern world, especially in the UK. CCTV cameras have been installed almost everywhere and people’s activities are monitored every day. The use of CCTV has raised mixed reactions from members of the public, with some people supporting it while others are against it. Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) refers to the use of video cameras to record and send signals to monitors in a remote location. CCTV cameras are becoming more affordable and most people can acquire them. They are a cost-effective option to hiring many security employees. CCTV cameras are also effective as they monitor and record details of activities in the area under surveillance. CCTV technology is also flexible as the footage can be watched through mobile phones and on the internet. This technology is also secure in protecting people and businesses. People install CCTV to monitor the activities in their business premises and homes in order to prevent losses. CCTV is also used as a safety measure to monitor high-risk areas to ensure the safety of the public. It is also used as a management tool to monitor productivity of workers as well as demonstrate the commitment of the management to the safety of the workers and customers. (Fennelly, 2003). Benefits of CCTV CCTV technology has numerous benefits. The presence of CCTV cameras in public places gives people a feeling of security. In public places such as parks, streets and cities, many crimes are perpetrated. It is difficult to single out criminals from the good citizens in the midst of a crowd of people. Therefore, the installation of CCTV cameras helps in reducing the anxiety of people in public places (Hogard, Ellis and Warren, 2007). They know that if anything goes wrong, it will be detected by the relevant authorities and they will promptly come to their rescue. They feel secure as they go about their economic activities. CCTV cameras also prevent people from worrying about the safety of their property and loved ones even in their absence because they are under CCTV surveillance. In addition, people who have installed CCTV cameras in their homes can watch the footage from any location and in case of an attempted break in, they can notify the authorities (Hogard, Ellis and Warren, 2007). Another benefit of CCTV cameras is that they prevent the loss of property especially in business (Fennelly, 2003). Having CCTV surveillance in business premises prevents the customers and employees from stealing goods or money from the business owner. Many businesses incur losses due to employee theft. Therefore, installing CCTV cameras in the premises will prevent the loss of goods and money from the company. Customers can also cause losses to a business through shoplifting, especially in self-service stores like supermarkets. The routine activity theory states that crime perpetration depends on the available opportunities. Crime happens in places that are not well protected. When employees or customers get an opportunity to ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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