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This paper shall discuss CCTVs and their general impact, as well as their impact on criminal investigation. An initial discussion on the use of CCTVs will first be discussed, followed by the application and implications in the use of these cameras. The use of these CCTVs for criminal investigation will then be presented, alongside a discussion on whether or not these CCTVs are advantageous or disadvantageous. Concluding remarks shall summarize and end this article. This paper is being carried out in order to establish a clear understanding of CCTVs and to add to future knowledge regarding CCTVs and their general applicability in criminal investigation.
In 1942 Germany, the first CCTV system, which was designed by Walter Bruch, was setup by Siemens AG as a means of observing V-2 rockets (Dornberger, 1954). In the United States, CCTVs were first used in 1973 at the Times Square in New York. They were first installed as a crime deterrent; however, crimes committed in the area did not drop by much even with the presence of such cameras (Yesil, 2006). In a few years time however, the use of these cameras gradually expanded to other parts of the country, most especially the public spaces (Roberts, 2010). These cameras were also considered a cheaper alternative in crime prevention, discarding the need to increase police presence in public areas (Roberts, 2010). Businesses also realized the benefit of these cameras in terms of improved security. This technology improved throughout the years, especially with the advent of digital technology which allowed for simultaneous recording as well as time lapse or motion-only recording (Roberts, 2010). More cameras have also been installed in schools, parks, parking lots, malls, and since the 2001 terrorist attacks, more surveillance videos have been secured in various parts of the country (Yesil,
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Security technology is an important part of any business, enabling businesses to protect their assets while reducing the amount of physical labor and time that is required. This allows the business to reduce their costs, by requiring fewer employees, or allocating employees to other tasks.
It is estimated that in excess of 4.2 million surveillance cameras have been installed in public places in U.K as of date which is far above the quantum of such cameras around the globe. It is to be observed that in the middle of 1990s; about seventy-five percent of UK government’s crime prevention budget was earmarked for CCTV operations.
Today, the advanced technology cameras are being increasingly installed by the government rather than by business elites or political leaders in their personal or business interests. There has clearly been an increase of CCTV observation around the world, especially in the service sector, which has recently been diversifying rapidly into the public area.
The CCTV cameras are able to capture events in areas, that is of great importance to law enforcement and regulatory agencies since it makes it possible for them to respond quickly to an episode once alerted. In addition, the CCTV cameras are able to provide information about what happened once the officers arrive on site.
There have been a number of arguments concerning this security system, most vital aspects being on how to offer sufficient security to everyone. Essentially, this is forming the baseline for the introduction of CCTV security system and the important aspect is to find about the peoples’ response to its existence (Goold 16).
Consequently, "the citizenry of the UK have become the most watched, catalogued and categorized people in the advanced world" (Coleman, 2004, p. 3).
The rapid proliferation of CCTV is largely on account of the faith reposed in its ability to reduce crime by the government and the majority of its citizens.
uit Television (CCTV) is a part of such technologies used for scrutinising the premises of vital installations such as airports, railway stations, street corners, parking lots, shops and other sensitive premises. The use of CCTV is “one of the most common forms of video
The same may also perform wound analysis to reconstruct an event and to strengthen or utilize evidence which may indicate malice, self-defense, or even whether the wound was sustained before of after death.
In the case of
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