“Around the world, 80 countries consider homosexuality illegal, in five of these the death penalty can apply. Moreover, the persecution experienced by LGBTI people goes well beyond any official prosecutions”…
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In other words, LGBTI represents people who show interests in homosexuality. Even though homosexuality is getting more popularized, it is regarded as a crime in majority of the countries in the world. LGBTI persons are facing severe problems in majority of the countries and therefore they are seeking asylum in other countries which show acceptance towards homosexuality. Even in one of the most civilised countries in the world America, homosexuality is not accepted as a good behaviour even though many American states declared it as legal. In Muslim countries homosexuality is a severe crime whereas Christian and Hindu countries keep strong silence over this issue.
Back in June, the Center for Human Rights and Global Justice (CHRGJ) at NYU School of Law published the report ‘A Decade Lost: Locating Gender in U.S. Counter-Terrorism,’ the first account of how U.S. counter-terrorism efforts have undermined the rights of women and sexual minorities. The report includes the ‘collateral damage’ from the Iraq war, the hundreds of LGBTI people hunted down and killed in Iraq, including some by state actors, and the probably thousands (no one knows) who have fled. The group Iraqi LGBTI has been almost solely responsible for documenting the murders (Caning). It is really interesting to know why LGBTIs in other countries face fewer problems for immigration whereas Iraqi, Iranian and Ugandan LGBTIs are facing more problems in immigrating to other countries. LGBTIs or homosexuals are facing severe problems in Iraq at present. Even American troops patrolling in Iraq are not showing any mercy towards Iraqi homosexuals. It should be noted that America is a country which shows no discrimination towards homosexuals and even same sex marriages are taking place in some states of America. Moreover, homosexuality is widespread among American soldiers who are patrolling in Iraq. Advanced countries like Britain, Canada etc also have no problems in accepting homosexuals in their main streams of social life. However, when it comes to Iraqi LGBTIs, the world in general and America in particular show no mercy. This paper analyses the reasons why NGOs do not look kindly on LGBTI refugees from countries such as Iraq, Iran and Uganda, at the time of processing the applications for immigration. Homosexuality in Iraq, Iran and Uganda Homosexuality is not accepted in Islamic culture even though it is practiced widely among many Muslims secretly. Koran prohibits homosexuality even though it shows liberal approaches towards heterosexuality. It should be noted that unlike other religions, Muslims can keep more than one wives at the same time. Their religious beliefs and principles allow them to do so. However, homosexuality is a severe crime in Muslim countries, especially in Iraq, Iran, Saudi Arabia. Moreover, it is a crime even in a Christian country like Uganda etc. One of the surprising facts about Iraqi LGBTIs (LGBTII) is that their prosecution in Iraq has increased a lot after the invasion of Iraq by America in 2003. In other words, American troops are showing more intolerance towards homosexuality in Iraq than the Iraqi authorities which is really surprising. It should be noted that even during the Saddam era, LGBTIIs faced less threats from the authorities. LGBTIIs are labeled as the most endangered minorities in Iraq at present. “Homosexuality is both criminalized and widely considered immoral in Iraq, and the fragmented legal system will neither protect LGBTI persons against attacks nor investigate killings due to sexual orientation” (Iraqi LGBTI). A 2010 Report on Human Rights in Iraq issued from United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI)
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Sadly, with the issue of refugees, race still play an important contribution. More specifically, discrimination in regard to the acceptance of refugees on the basis of race is still prevalent today. This is particularly sad because refugees are driven out and uprooted from their homelands due to some form of persecution such as ethnic cleansing, threat to their lives, repression and violation of human rights, among others.
“A refugee is a person who is outside his country of origin and fearful of returning home because of a well-founded fear of persecution based on race, religion, identity, membership of a particular social group or political opinion”. The term 'refugee' therefore refers to a situation where a person has been forced to flee to another country or is forced to remain in another country and not return home because of some situations in his home country that makes it impossible to return to his home country.
A refugee is considered to be an individual residing in a foreign country, generally to escape persecution against them in their homeland or country of origin. The reason behind this fact might be identified in terms that they have encountered maltreatment on account of race, religion and political opinion or owing to the fact that they belong to the member of the persecuted ‘social group’.
Refugees are persons outside their country of origin or country of habitual residence after suffering persecution on such accounts as race, political opinion, nationality, religion, or because of being a member of some persecuted 'social group (Leach & Mansoure, 2003) .
The term refugee refers to an individual who has been forced to leave his country of origin because of violence, war, protection or political danger (The UN Refugee Agency, n.p). The process of granting asylum to individuals who are under threat has been ongoing for the many decades.
The crisis in Haiti shows we need a new approach to NGOs. New York: SAGE, 2010. Print. 11 Schwartz, Timothy. Travesty in Haiti: A true account of Christian missions, orphanages, fraud, food aid and drug trafficking New York: SAGE, 2008. Print. 12 1.0 Chapter 1: Introduction 1.1 Background The early history of Haiti was full of drama.
Print. 22 1.0 Chapter 1 1.1 Background Haiti is often classified as the poorest country within the Western Hemisphere manifesting one of the most awful development human development indicators within Latin America/Caribbean region. Since the country gained independence in 1804, Haiti has continually been rocked by political instability (close to 33 coup d’etats, U.S.
The Palestinian refugees refers to those Arabs and Jews who were displaced from Palestinian territory between 1946 and 1948 when the nation of Israel was being formed and had Jews from different parts of the world migrating into the now Israel territory. Many of the inhabitants of the place were Arabs and migrated to the West Bank and Gaza strip as others moved to Lebanon, Syria and Jordan.
These new practices include stricter border enforcement, detention of law breaking asylum seekers, and the introduction of expedited first instance determination processes. The strict rules aim at minimizing the number of people on grounds of seeking
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