Research methods - Essay Example

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Research Methods Name: Institution: Sociology is referred to as the discipline that studies the society. It is a discipline in social science that utilizes several approaches of empirical probe and critical investigation in order to create knowledge concerning human societal activity…
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Download file to see previous pages Among them is the quantitative research, which is the procedural empirical probe of societal phenomena through computational, statistical or numerical techniques. The major aim of this type of research method is to create and use numerical models, hypotheses and theories, and relating to phenomena. The aspect of measurement is key to this kind of research since it offers the basic relationship between numerical aspect of quantitative relationships and empirical observation. In other words, the research involves asking a particular question and collecting numerical information from the respondents in order to provide a solution to the question. It also involves analysis of the collected data or information with the assistance of statistical tools. It is hoped that the figures will provide results that are not biased and those that can be extrapolated to a bigger population (Denzin, 2005). Quantitative research is broadly applied in the fields of social sciences like economics, psychology, political science, and sociology. It is also applied though less often in history and anthropology. The other research method applied in sociology is the qualitative research. This is a technique of research that is applied in different fields of study including market research. The main objective of this research is to collect a deep understanding of the human conduct as well as gather an understanding of the grounds that rule such conducts. ...
This method involves the use varying approaches in the collection of information like narratology, storytelling, shadowing or grounded theory. The kind of data gathered may include group discussions and interviews, reflection field notes pictures among others. This research method usually classifies data into patterns as the fundamental basis of forming and making reports on results. Qualitative research is of immense significance to institutions (Roshan, 2009). Many advantages exist as to why qualitative research should be used. These include the fact that qualitative research offers a more naturalistic worldly experience to a researcher which he or she may not have experienced in the mathematical data and analysis using statistics like the one used in quantitative research. It offers a flexible way of gathering, examining, and rendition of information and data. Another advantage of qualitative research is that the use of basic and unstructured information renders it a descriptive ability (Roshan, 2009). Cultural anthropology is a field in anthropology that is involved with the study of the living humans culture. It also involves gathering data concerning the effect of universal financial and political aspects on local realities of culture. It uses several qualitative and quantitative methods, to research on what is meant by being human, including observation and participant observation. Observational method is the least invasive method in anthropology. It permits the researcher to acquire vital information concerning the group that is being studied without getting into their privacy. The investigator looks at the group, makes a record of their results, contemplates on the results and participates with the group ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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