Animals Rights Since inception, a common perception prevailed that believed in “dominion over the fish of the sea, over the fowl of the air, over the cattle and over all the world and over every creeping thing that creped upon the earth” . However the man kind started treating the animals as their property in many ways. The man kind was never entitled to use animals for entertainment purposes to say the least. Realization has been around in this regard and throughout centuries people have raised voice for animals rights The first instance in this regard was noticed in 1635 when a legislation was brought to forefront that opposed use of sheep fur for wool making .The British Philosopher John Locke gave idea of animal rights and negated the concept of torture on the animals. God has created living beings in a way that limits their abilities and hence makes them directly prone to weaknesses. Weaknesses could be in different forms. It could be in form of mental shortcoming or physical shortcomings. All living creatures are susceptible to pain and sufferings. While human beings are gifted with the tongue and can raise their voice against any oppression and suffering brought upon them, animals are devoid of the tongue to express their discomfort and are given with limited wisdom. They are termed as sentient creatures. Regardless of animal or human being, anything that falls in the category of living being has to be treated with affection and mercy and no torture, and no exertion is permitted
in any law what so ever. Religions all over the world have been of the message that anything that falls under the category of living being has rights in terms of being treated with clemency and mildness. The first to raise voice on this front and create awareness was English Philosopher John Locke; through his writings he provided explanation over natural rights John Locke gave us separation idea between natural rights and legal rights. He identified and defined natural rights as life, liberty and property. According to the concept of animal rights, just like human beings the animals feel both pleasure and pain, they experience emotions, get adapted to certain environments and people, and therefore they cannot be treated like the stones and rocks in any way. They should not be used as helping material without the consideration of them being living creatures. An analogy in this regard is usually made between the infants and the mentally challenged human beings, regardless of their state, we all treat them with affection, we do not deprive them of any rights, and the same must be applicable to animals. The animals may not be able to raise their voice for their respective rights but human being the superior creatures and gifted with brain and conscious, have a serious responsibility that obliges them to make laws that protect animals in various ways. These include right to live freely, birds must not be caged, nor should their wings be clipped, the dangerous animals should be left in the wild because that’s their world. They may not be able to express their hunger and thirst in words, but their food must not be cut out, and if domesticated, food and other means must be provided to them on hourly basis. Different animals have different rights in different paradigms, The sea life have different set of rules that must be followed if animal rights are to be given to them. No mass Fishing should be done in the sea, on land the small animals that pose no harm to mankind must not be disturbed in any way. Birds in the sky must be allowed flying in the sky. In modern times animals are being used for various reasons on experimental basis. The use of animals for experimental reasons in scientific measures is another serious issue in modern day. They are being tested and tried with different painful methods and are tested with type of medicines that have severely negative effect on them. The use of animals for such reasons must be stopped at all levels. The animals are used in multiple ways that can be subject to their misuse. The first and foremost is the food, A large section of world population exists that are total vegetarian. If they can survive why not those who are meat lovers. Another serious offence in this regard is the purpose of entertainment, this includes the horses and camels being used for racing reasons, the brutal fights being fought in different parts of world on exhibition basis, various beautiful birds being caged and put in display. Large wild animals put in zoos for public exhibition. Finally the clothing issue which includes the use of animal skin and fur for human clothing. It ranges from snake skin to sheep fur. Human beings can survive and live without use of all three factors mentioned that serve as mal treatment of animals. Bibliography: 1- Darwin, Charles, and Joseph Carroll. On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection. Peterborough, Ont: Broadview Press, 2003. Print. 2- Leavitt, Emily S. Animals and Their Legal Rights: A Survey of American Laws from 1641 to 1978. Washington: Animal Welfare Institute, 1978. Print. 3-Paul, Ellen F, Fred D. Miller, and Jeffrey Paul. Natural Rights Liberalism from Locke to Nozick. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2005. Print.