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Another group argues that the criterion of having rationality and consciousness should not be the sole basis against animal-testing; rather the fact that every animal suffers from pain is strong enough to ban animal-testing. Obviously, this contra-animal-testing group fails to perceive that a firm and steadfast opposition against animal-test is as harmful as the view of ‘animal as thing’ is. For example, whereas a scientific experiment on animal could save thousands of man and animals lives, ban on animal-testing may destroy the possibility of living a healthy and disease free life. Therefore, though animals have the rights to live a pain-free life, such rights can be repealed for the sake of the humanity’s betterment. Moreover, any ethical perspective on animal-rights must include human’s interest in animal. Otherwise, any attempt to view animals as self-independent beings and detached from humanity must fail to bring about good for humankind as well as animal.
The origin of the arguments for animal-testing can be traced in Biblical affirmation. The “Book of Genesis” asserts that Man has a divine right over the animal kingdom. It says that man’s dominion over the animal kingdom is divine, as the “Book of Genesis” says that God has given Adam dominion over “the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.” (Francione, 1996, p. 45) Such biblical evidence necessarily infers that man can use animals for his own happiness and comfort. Therefore, if animal-testing can bring something good to humankind, then it is thoroughly permissible. Indeed, the utilitarian perspective seems to dominate the pro-animal-test arguments. The pro-animal-test debaters argue that animals can serve as good specimens for medical experiments. Even some animals such as rats, dogs, frogs and many others are efficient replicas
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Animal research has played a key role in the advancements in psychological knowledge over the twentieth century. In this regard the American Association for the Advancement of Science in the year 1990 clearly presented this fact in these words, “The use of animals has been and continues to be essential….
History would provide some evidence even of man being buried together with his pet animal as revealed in some archaeological studies, indicating man’s closeness to animals, particularly dogs. In fact, even to the present day, dogs, among other animals, have proven themselves to have great utility value to men, after having shown that they can herd, they can hunt, they can track, they can sled, they can police, they can identify, they can sniff and entertain and do a host of other special skills that men would be less capable of doing.
It is hard to believe the sheer number of technological advances as the human race has made within the past few decades. However, like any type of advancement, the price of this technological advancement has been an explosion of comfort and consumption oriented industries; not the least of which is that of “fast food”.
But scholars have failed to reach any unanimous conclusion. Anyway, while deciding whether animals should rights or not, the debaters mainly focus on several factors such as animal ability to learn, to use language, the level of their consciousness, their ability to feel pain, etc.
cannot have any merit VI: Slippery Slope Argument A: Animals rights – plant rights? B: Where does it end? Conclusion Many individuals seek animal rights as an extension of the rights that have been granted thus far during the 20th and 21st centuries. Even though it may seem as somewhat absurd, animal rights activists oftentimes promote the idea that animal rights should be appreciated and understood in a comparable manner as with basic human rights.
ither way one looks at it, the fact remains that as the ones who are at the top of the taxonomic hierarchy, we ought to take it upon ourselves to be responsible “overseers” of other animals. Thus, I believe that we have a moral obligation to treat animals the right
The conclusion from this study states that animal welfare law covers the treatment of animals by their handlers during research, exhibition or transport. The laws cover the lowest acceptable standards of care that should be provided to the animals. Animal rights laws ensure just treatment of animal to ensure that they do not suffer.
It has given a lot of ease to the humans but alongside, animals are suffering from industrialization and revolutionary changes. Rapid growth in the past century or so has modernized the traditional food intake process. People are now more
However, due to the downside of the experiments, the main focus of the analysis lies on the abuse of animal rights in regard to their use in testing and financial exploitation.
Experiments on animals have played a crucial role in the lives of both animals and humankind;
The research involves using animals for testing and trial purpose before using a particular type of drugs or treatment procedure to a human being. The animals used, in this case, have rights that control various factors on
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