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Prepared Social Learning of Barrett and Broesch - Literature review Example

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The paper "Prepared Social Learning of Barrett and Broesch" highlights that both reasons refer to cultural differences between Americans and Shuars. Yet, it was hypnotized by Barrett and Broesch, that information about dangerous animals would have equal cross-cultural value…
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Prepared Social Learning of Barrett and Broesch
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Download file to see previous pages The study within Bandura social learning theory, and because the peculiarity of the results of the study, it is also critically discussed within the cultural aspect of social influence.
It can be said, that during social learning individual automatically experiences social influence, because individual is imposed upon values and emotions coming from outside: from the environment and other individuals. It is originally implied that individual him/ herself can develop opinion and/or model of behavior for specific situation, but for some reason he/ she doesn’t develop them. Then behavior and/or emotional attitude can be learned by imposing, for example, when individual experience is too dangerous to retrieve. In current study, Barrett and Broesch are specifically focused on case when behavior can only be developed by obeying to a strange influence for a reason of dangerousness.
A theoretical foundation for the study was a social learning theory, and specifically the idea of prepared social learning upon conditions when “social learning becomes less costly than individual learning” (Barrett and Broesch 2012, 500). Barrett and Broesch had developed their own theories based on Mineka et. al. studies of macaques: macaques had demonstrated more attendance to information about local danger than to any other kind of information. “Interestingly, studies of Mineka et. al. showed that fear acquisition can occur in a single trial and without feedback: a monkey need not actually experience that a snake can cause injury in order to acquire the fear” (Barrett and Broesch 2012, 500). Predator fear was a domain of prepared social learning (Tomasello and Call 1997, 285). Therefore, Barrett and Broesch proposed that not all information is equally learnable and uptake of content depends on usefulness of information.
Scientists had formulated several predictions for the study. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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