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The Migration Development Nexus - Coursework Example

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The paper "The Migration Development Nexus" highlights that the government can manage the problem of brain drain by discouraging movement of skilled professionals by not only creating opportunities for them to work in their own countries but also putting barriers…
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The Migration Development Nexus
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Download file to see previous pages The paper outlines the political, social and economic impacts of brain drain loss of future development through the loss of highly intellectual individuals, shortages of skilled workers in highly sensitive sectors like education and health care and the country of origin also tends to lose tax contributions from the individual which is instead earned by the foreign and rich countries. Lastly, the paper focuses on three key strategies to manage brain drain and prevent the loss of human capital through migration.
The development and migration have been linked as a nexus of policy since scholars believe migration is closely related to development. Migration has both positive and negative impacts on the development with respect to the origin and destination of immigrants. One of the problems that are often talked about within the context of migration development nexus is the mass exodus of highly skilled and professional labor from the developing to developed countries, referred to as “brain drain.” According to Gibson & McKenzie (2012), brain drain is causing serious developmental challenges to Ghana since it results into serious loss of human capital which results into negative results on investment in education (Asampong et al 2013). There exist a tension between national policies of many first-world nations which aim at attracting high skilled labor while at the same time striving to prevent brain drain but instead stimulate growth in developing countries like Ghana. While migration of high skilled professional results into increased remittances to the developing countries, these remittances do not balance with the cost of educational investment.
Research shows that brain drain has negative impacts on the development and economic growth of many countries in which the migration rate is more than twenty percent while the percentage of people with higher education is above five percent. This has a negative impact on the economy of small countries like Ghana and many other countries in Central America and Sab-Saharan Africa.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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