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Josephine Baker and her Contribution to the Civil Rights Movement - Research Paper Example

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The following discourse is a comprehensive assessment of the significant contribution of Josephine Baker to the American Civil Rights Movement and what she did to help lessen racial discrimination and oppression against African-Americans. It is made up of a historical account…
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Josephine Baker and her Contribution to the Civil Rights Movement
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Download file to see previous pages Josephine joined the French resistance movement during World War II (Encyclopedia of World Biography).
“At a tender age of eight, Josephine worked as a maid for a white woman and was forced to sleep in the coal cellar with a pet dog. She was scalded on the hands whenever she used too much soap in the laundry. Josephine witnessed the cruel East St. Louis race riot of 1917. She moved from the St. Louis area at the age of 13 and emigrated out of the United States at 19” (Rose, 1988). 
According to one published biography, Baker married Jean Lion, a French industrialist who divorced her in 1940. Josephine became a Red Cross nurse when Germany invaded Belgium and during the occupation of France, she joined the French Resistance serving as an underground courier. For her feats of heroism, Baker was awarded the Croix de Guerre and the Légion dHonneur by General Charles de Gaulle and the Rosette of the Résistance (Haney, 1998, pp. 2 - 10). 
Baker became a star of the Folies Bergères, a musical hall established in 1869 in Paris, France which was at the height of its fame and popularity from the 1890s until the 1920s. She was given monikers such as Bronze Venus, Black Pearl, Créole Goddess, and La Baker. 
Her career thrived in the integrated Paris society when La Revue Nègre closed, Josephine starred in La Folie du Jour at the Follies-Bergère Theater. Her jaw-dropping performance, including a costume of 16 bananas strung into a skirt, cemented her celebrity status. Josephine rivaled Gloria Swanson and Mary Pickford as the most photographed woman in the world, and by 1927 she earned more than any entertainer in Europe. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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