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Differences and Similarities in Disability in Europe - Article Example

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This paper “Differences and Similarities in Disability in Europe” will discuss the similarities and differences in disability and social care provision in England and Sweden. The paper will explore different problems in both countries and evaluate them based on the differences between them…
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Differences and Similarities in Disability in Europe
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Download file to see previous pages People with disabilities have often been classified as outsiders in all cultures having their own particular criteria of classification (Jaeger & Bowman, 2005). The rights of the disabled have long been abused. Back in the 1930s and 1940s, more than 200,000 people with disabilities were murdered in Europe alone (Jaeger & Bowman, 2005). The historical evidence showing the abuse of the disabled makes it even more important to recognize these people and help them get equal rights and opportunities to which they are entitled. A disabled person may be defined as “any person who has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities; has a record of such impairment; or is regarded as having such an impairment” (Department of Housing and Urban Development, 2006). People with disabilities are treated differently in different countries and face their own different individual problems. This paper will explore the situation in England and Sweden in particular.
A situation in England:
A lot has been done in England to protect the rights of people with disabilities and support them. Disability Discrimination Act came into effect in 1995, which promotes civil rights for disabled people and protects them from any kind of discrimination (Directgov, 2010). The disabled individuals in England can claim many different benefits and tax credits depending on their situation. These benefits include Disability Living Allowance, Employment and Support Allowance, Working Tax Credit, Career’s Allowance etc (Citizens Advice Bureau, 2010). Working Tax Credit is given in addition to benefits for the extra costs of (Citizens Advice Bureau, 2010).
A situation in Sweden:
Sweden too has taken many steps to accommodate people with disabilities. The EU Charter of Fundamental Rights recognized the rights of a person with disabilities in Article 26 and states that the disabled is to “benefit from measures designed to ensure their independence, social, and occupational integration and participation in the life of the community (Public Health Patrol of European Union, 2010). Many organizations have been developed in Sweden to ensure these rights to the respective citizens. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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