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Bureaucratic and Normative Control - Essay Example

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The essay "Bureaucratic and Normative Control" compares the two approaches based on the theory and its application in real life.  …
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Bureaucratic and Normative Control
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Download file to see previous pages Briefly, the main characteristics of the bureaucratic type of organization are:
Now, if one tries to see what lies beyond the above characteristics, how they are linked with one another, one finds a common, all-pervasive element; the existence of a system of control based on rational rules, rules which try to regulate the whole organizational structure and process on the basis of technical knowledge and with the aim of maximum efficiency. Bureaucratic administration means fundamentally the exercise of control on the basis of knowledge. This is the feature of it which makes it specifically rational. (Barnett, 1990, p1)
Actually hierarchy in general (in the sense of levels of authority) is to be found in any administration which has a certain degree of magnitude and complexity. The feudal type of administration had a complicated hierarchical system. (Davis, 1994, p73) There is a hierarchy of a social rank corresponding to the hierarchy of fiefs through the process of sub-infatuation... 6 But the difference between the two kinds of hierarchies, according to Weber, is to be found in the type of authority relations. In the feudal case, the relationship between inferior and superior is personal and the legitimating of authority is based on a belief in the sacredness of tradition. In a bureaucracy, authority is legitimized by a belief in the correctness of the rules and the loyalty of the bureaucrat is oriented to an impersonal order, to a superior position, not to the person who holds it. So what makes an administration more or less bureaucratic from the hierarchical point of view is not the number of levels of authority or the size of the span of control; the decisive criterion is whether or not the authority relations have a precise and impersonal character, as a result of the elaboration of rational rules. (Lee, 1990, p81)
Concerning first the criterion of meaningful adequacy, it does not necessarily make sense to someone that a type of organization having the Weberian characteristics to an extreme degree should yield maximum efficiency. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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