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Welfare to Work and Social Policy: Comparative Study of Various Nations' Approaches - Report Example

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This paper "Welfare to Work and Social Policy: Comparative Study of Various Nations' Approaches" discusses contributions of existing literature that suggest that the welfare to work policies between different nations are comprised of substantial differences…
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Welfare to Work and Social Policy: Comparative Study of Various Nations Approaches
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Download file to see previous pages The social policy varies differently by the needs of individual nations and can include assistance to youth unemployment in an attempt to provide temporary aid until an individual is able to sustain a regular income through work incentives. One of the main theories regarding welfare to work programs is that working parents contribute to the economy and are less likely to rely solely on the state for their welfare (Walling, 2005). With this concept being one of the primary motivators for welfare to work policies, different nations adopt a policy to provide an allotment of skills training, aid with transportation issues, financial support, and even child care as an incentive to drive the welfare recipient back into full-time work. This more active approach to social policy can help to achieve lasting reductions in poverty and exclusion by helping (welfare) recipients back on their feet, to support themselves and their families (Forster & dErcole, 2005); thus reducing the strain on governmental financial resources regarding welfare payments.
Population differences, social ruling regimes, available governmental resources or even economic factors all directly impact the differences in welfare to work policies across the globe (for those nations that adopt the policy) and make up the majority of reasons as to why welfare to work policies differ; and why they are often in continuous
reform from nation to nation. Long-term effectiveness of the welfare to work policies is a difficult process to measure and for this reason, many nations perform comparative social analysis to gauge which factors have proved successful among other nations and which policies have been confirmed to be dismal failures.

In the United States, then-President Clinton signed The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) in 1996. Among its provisions is a strict limit, for any given recipient, to receive welfare benefits for no more than five years, in the aggregate, across his or her lifetime (Weinrach, 2003).  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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