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Comparative Policy Analysis on The Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act of 1980 - Case Study Example

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The paper "Comparative Policy Analysis on The Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act of 1980" states that ASFA is more likely to be recorded in the history books as a useful Act since it has already been shown that the Act is working to improve the state of adoption…
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Comparative Policy Analysis on The Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act of 1980
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Download file to see previous pages The salient features of this Act included the requirement for states to make reasonable efforts towards the prevention of placing children in foster care and to try and keep families together. Various states quickly set up family preservation programs to help children in need and the stress on family preservation was further underlined in the 1993 Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act which provided funds for the establishment and running of such programs (Adamec & Pierce, 2000).
The same sentiments were continued but a different form was adopted when in 1997 when the Adoption and Safe Families Act (ASFA) was passed. It clarified the government’s position on several issues which had come up in the past seventeen years and now the focus of the laws was on having a safe and secure adoption process, finding permanent solutions to children who could be in danger and maintaining a generally safe environment for the children who were in foster homes or had been adopted by other families (Adamec & Pierce, 2000). To better compare the laws, it would be prudent for us to look at the intent of the law in both Acts.
The Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act of 1980 provides two major child welfare provisions. The first one is about permanency planning for the placement of children in permanent homes rather than moving from them from location to location in foster care drift. The provision mandated that the child would be returned to the natural parents or placed in adoption within eighteen months of their placement in foster care. The second is about the reasonable efforts states must conduct to ensure that children do not drift in foster care and are not placed out of home inappropriately (Gelles, 1998).
The intent of the Adoption and Safe Families Act (1997) was much broader since it not only clarified the act of 1980 but also made allowances which let states have more money for the child welfare system. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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