Free

Public Policy in the American Government - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
This essay, Public Policy in the American Government, presents public policy which refers to the objectives set by the government for the general good and welfare of its people. Public policy affects all individuals similarly, whether in familiar or unexpected ways…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.4% of users find it useful
Public Policy in the American Government
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Public Policy in the American Government"

Public Policy in the American Government Affiliation Public Policy in the American Government Public policy refers to the objectivesset by the government for the general good and welfare of its people. Public policy affects all individuals similarly, whether in familiar or unexpected ways (Cochran et al., 2009). Policies are usually formed to address issues in society, and their formulation is dependent on a five-step process. The first step is the setting of the national agenda, where an issue becomes part of the national phenomenon. The national agenda may involve the issues that the public wants the government to address. The agendas may be many and require prioritizing (UShistory.org, 2008). The second step is policy formulation, where different interest groups bring up conflicting solutions to the set agenda for purposes of consideration on a wider stage. At this stage, there is an immense debate in the Congress and also in the media regarding the best possible solution.
After consideration of the various policy solutions, the federal government makes the decision on the best possible policy and may pass a law for the adoption of this new policy. A policy may be adopted following an executive order or after an important ruling by the Supreme Court (UShistory, org, 2008). The next stage is the implementation process that is determined by the federal administrative agencies tasked with this process. An implementation may also involve punishment for failing to adhere to the set policy. The last stage in policy formulation is the evaluation stage where different agencies involved in policy making determine whether implementation has been successfully carried out. This stage may also involve much debate on whether the implementation has been successful or not and it may form the basis of another policy formulation.
A particular interest group that will later on lobby the government to address the problem through policy formation may identify a problem. Once the problem is brought into the political domain, it becomes a political issue (WHO, 2010). During the definition of a problem, conflict arises as different groups define the problem in ways that the policy is likely to suit their interests. Also, identification of the problem will be in such a way that the particular interest group will have control over the decision makers in agenda setting (Csulb, 2002). What may be defined as a problem by one particular group may be defined differently by another group as each is seeking ways in which the policy to be formulated will greatly advantage them.
Agenda setting refers to the process used to ensure that solutions to a particular problem lose or gain elite and public attention. There is no particular group or a political system with the institutional capacity to set the agenda or address any possible problems arising from any particular issue (Pedersen and Walgrave, 2014). As such, different groups with different agendas have to fight to ensure that their alternatives or agendas remain in the forefront or are the most visible in the public domain. Even when an issue or solution to the problem has gained much public attention, the group behind the idea has to ensure that this idea remains above others (Birkland, 2001). One of the powerful tools used in agenda setting is the media that is used to convince the public and depict a particular solution as the most viable to the problem in question. Each group, whether a lobbyists group, a political action group, or any other interest groups, has the responsibility to set its agenda on the public domain.
References
Birkland, T. (2001). An introduction to the policy process. New York: Barnes & Noble.
Cochran, C., Lawrence, M., Carr, T., and Joseph, C. (2009). American public policy. Boston: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.
Csulb.edu. (2002). Women and public policy. Retrieved on November 26 2015 http://web.csulb .edu/~msaintg/ppa590/agenda.htm
Pedersen, C., and Walgrave, S. (2014). Agenda setting, policies, and political systems. Chicago: University of Chicago.
UShistory.org. (2008). Policy making: Political interactions. Retrieved on November 26, 2015, from http://www.ushistory.org/gov/11.asp
WHO. (2014). Health services planning and policy making. Canada: WHO. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Public Policy in the American Government Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
Public Policy in the American Government Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/social-science/1702141-public-policy-in-the-american-government
(Public Policy in the American Government Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
Public Policy in the American Government Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words. https://studentshare.org/social-science/1702141-public-policy-in-the-american-government.
“Public Policy in the American Government Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/social-science/1702141-public-policy-in-the-american-government.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Public Policy in the American Government

American Government

...? The outsourcing policy of the United s Government Outsourcing in the United s began in 1980 because of slow economic growth and high unemployment rate. It was encouraged by excessive U.S. debts, Free Trade Agreements, globalization and the intense desire for profitability. In effect, NAFTA and the World Trade Agreement made outsourcing easier for transnational American companies to operate in Mexico and Canada. Globalization that started in 1970 made IT operations inexpensive for these companies, and soon enough US transnational companies began to transfer its manufacturing operations offshore (Thomas Heffner, 2010). In the United States, according to PLU (n.d.), President Bush has been an advocate of pro-outsourcing policies... per hour....
1 Pages(250 words)Personal Statement

American government

...?Running Head: AMERICAN GOVERNMENT Topic: American Government Lecturer: Presentation: Introduction The American government deals with complex issues at the local, state and federal level. The process of policy formulation involves the three levels of government. According to CliffsNotes (2011), public policy refers to actions taken by government or its decisions intended to solve problems and improve quality of life for its citizens. It’s a struggle in government over who gets what and is in form of laws, Supreme Court decisions,...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

American government

...? (YOUR (THE The Federal Government: Separation of Powers and Checks and Balances The American federal government is one of the most perfect examples of a tripartite sovereign leadership which exhibits the notion of separation of powers. With the separated powers of several ruling individuals, the very idea of American democracy is concretized. The American Constitution states that, “Generally, the legislative branch makes America's laws, the executive branch enforces the laws, and the judicial branch decides cases under the laws.” (The American Constitution cited in Cengage). However, the powers vested upon each of these branches are accordingly limited by checks and balances imposed by each of the three. In this light and upon... . The only...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

American Government

.... Galston suggests to the Obama administration to design and enforce a long-term infrastructure development that generates jobs and opportunities. (This is reminiscent to Roosevelt’s New Deal.) If pursued, the general public may put highly their trust to the federal government. Nye says that one of the causes for the public to trust the government is the increase of social capital, family ties, among other features characterized in the socio-cultural dimension (qtd. in Moon 2). When there is a high sense of social capital in the American society, the general public will theoretically place their confidence to the...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

American Government

...in the Western frontier. The United States returned to isolationist foreign policy since domestic problems plagued the country. Furthermore, Europe was in chaos itself and the US could not afford to indulge itself in such petty issues. No, the US has embraced the role of being a leader of the globe and is the world’s super power. Does the United States now follow a moral idealist or a political realist approach in international affairs? To what extent? Is it easy for the president and Congress to set a course for foreign policy? What kinds of measures can the United States use to combat terrorism? How can it defend its citizens against chemical and biological weapons? Works Cited Schmidt, Steffen W.,...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Public Policy - Asian American (ethic studies)

...Public Policy and Asian Americans Although not exhaustive confinements binding human beings essentially exist in four forms. As evidenced in the issues underpinning public policy and Asian America, is explicit that human beings have initiated and always push for means to liberate themselves from these confinements in terms of restructuring their lives through developing policies to guide their social, economic and political aspects (Emerson 28). History and Geography as observed by (Emerson 36), have been significant confinements to the lives of most Asian Americans: the Asian American population is...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Government Policy

...& Number: Law (Government and Politics) 30 December (estimated word count – 323) The most important lesson I learned in this course is that government policies can be changed, depending on the mood and opinion of the public. Politicians can sometimes resort to political expediency when it comes to certain social, political and economic issues. This is a good way for how democracy works out, because it shows that politicians are at least quite sensitive to the public pulse. However, there are some issues which can get very contentious like the issues of divorce, abortion, euthanasia (mercy killing), same-sex marriages and now a re-visiting of a...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

US Government / Public Policy

... happens to be the identification of the issue or problem regarding which the public policy is to be formulated (Shafritz 56). For the policy to be framed regarding a particular issue, it is imperative that that issues comes on the government agenda (Shafritz 56). To do this the issue has to be serious and should be of such immediate societal importance that it attracts the government attention (Shafritz 56). For instance America is a capitalist society and the legal system in America allows for the creation and functioning of the labor unions. Yet, if at some time a significant section of the American society feels that the labor unions are inhibiting the essential functioning of a free market economy, than it will get imperative... of the...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Public Policy & Government Regulation in Global Management

... Public Policy & Government Regulation in Global Management Introduction Effect of global warming on the climate is unequivocal. The lethal affects of global warming has been a hot topic for the past year or so. However, it is to be reminded that global warming has occurred primarily due to the emission of human induced heat taping gases, better known as the green house gases. The primary reasons for the emissions of such gases are the excessive burning of fossil fuels, clearing of forests, etc. The average global temperature since the year 1900 has gone up by 1.5 F. If emissions continue to rise at the current rate temperature increases are likely to be close to the upper level range. Therefore it is of extreme importance... for a...
11 Pages(2750 words)Research Paper

Select one current political issue related to one of the sub-fields of Political Science (political theory, comparative politics, international relations, public policy, or American government) and conduct research on that issue

...by America in different countries to remove dictatorial regimes and replace them with democratic governments. Although the views regarding this role vary widely, they do not hide the fact that America is a major player in international politics. Currently, America is involved in international politics in Crimea region. In an attempt to prevent Russia from taking over the Crimea region, the US led other countries in placing sanctions against Russia (Braun 39). This means that America is an active country in helping out other states that are facing threats. With the anti-Americanism ideology, the future role of America in international politics may change. If the ideology takes root,...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Public Policy in the American Government for FREE!

Contact Us