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Paper 2 - Essay Example

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The author argues that the course of political unrest in developing countries is their reliance on Plurality-Majority electoral systems (Khazan, 2013). She builds her case by using the example of the post-election violence that erupted in Kenya immediately after the country’s…
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Paper 2 al Affiliation Paper 2 The argues that the of political unrest in developing countries is their reliance on Plurality-Majority electoral systems (Khazan, 2013). She builds her case by using the example of the post-election violence that erupted in Kenya immediately after the country’s 2007 general elections. The Kenyan constitutional design is consistent with a presidential democracy since the President is the Head of State as well as the government. The author states that the Presidency in Kenya wields immense power due to a weak judiciary. The author attributes this assertion to the post-election violence that broke out.
Disgruntled Kenyans felt that they could rely on the judiciary hence took matters into their hands. The Kenyan presidential system has a very strong President hence it is prone to corruption that destabilizes the democracy. The author states that the Kenyan election had very apparent, and visible irregularities since the President and his people wanted to cling to power by all means possible (Khazan, 2013). The President further has total immunity against any legal actions hence neither the legislature nor the executive can check and regulate the president’s authority.
Developing countries such as Kenya have diverse ethnic groups. In the Kenyan case, the Kikuyus and the Luos are the main ethnic groups that define the electoral processes. Kenyans vote for personalities rather than ideologies hence most political parties are merely ethnic vehicles into power. The country has a high poverty due to a weak economy as well as runaway corruption (Khazan, 2013). Most ethnic groups, therefore, view a win by their presidential candidate as a means for them to secure civil service jobs, government tenders as well as other favors. The opposing side sees the loss as a blow because the ruling government awards economic incentives according to ethnicity and political alignment (Khazan, 2013).
References
Khazan, O. (2013, Mar 5). What Causes Some Elections to Go Violent? The Atlantic. Retrieved from http://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2013/03/what-causes-some-elections-to-go-violent/273728/ Read More
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