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Northern anti-slavery modernizers and activists founded the Republican Party in 1854 .The party became prominent in 1860 when Abraham Lincoln was elected into office and made use of the party’s machinery to facilitate winning of the American Civil War. Consequently, on the eve of the 3rd Party System that is from 1854 to 1896 the party controlled national politics as well as the 4th Party System (1896-1932).At present, GOP is in support of an American conservative policy, having more foundations in social conservatism, fiscal conservatism and economic liberalism (Noel,2014).
The Democratic Party on the other hand is another main political party in America and happens to be the oldest party worldwide. It has been fighting head on with the Republican Party since 1854.Starting 1912; the Democratic Party has effectively situated itself as the liberal party tackling domestic issues. Much of the Democratic Party’s agenda has been shaped by Franklin D. Roosevelt’s economic philosophy which has had a strong influence on contemporary American liberalism from 1932.The White House was under the control of New Deal coalition of Roosevelt, until 1968, the exception being only the period from 1953-1961which was under Eisenhower. Generally, liberals have been center-left, supporting social progressivism, social justice, the welfare state and a mixed economy (Schaffner, 2012).
The 2004 US presidential election was conducted onTuesday, 2nd November and incumbent President George W. Bush of Republican Party defeated his Democratic Party rival, John Kerry-a Massachusetts junior senator by then. Republican Party nominated Bush together with the then Vice President Dick Cheney. The dominant theme through the entire electioneering period was foreign policy especially the War on Terrorism spearheaded by Bush as well as the consequences of 2003 Iraq invasion. The Republican presidential nominee was John McCain for 2008 presidential nominee after obtaining 1191 delegates
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Countries in Central and Eastern Europe have some of the most elaborate and well developed political systems in the world. These old democracies have citizens with a very high appreciation for the values of democracy1.
The two major political parties of United States are the Democratic Party and Republican Party. These parities, their ideologies, power struggles, mandates and others have had a strong influence on the country’s history and current political system (Nivola & Brady, pp.
PPP and PNC: Existence, Persistence, and Racial Divide. In contemporary Guyana, there are two partisan political parties that exist and persist: the Peoples Progressive Party (PPP) and the Peoples National Congress (PNC). Historically, these two parties were one; both of their leaders were co-founders of the PPP prior to the split.
In simple terms, this identification is called political party identification. An individual’s party identification is often determined by the political party he or she supports. Political parties normally have three parts; as government, as an organization, and as the party electorate.
According to a comprehensive and large-scale study that has been conducted by the University of Michigan, the role of various dimensions in actually determining the extent to which the voter is influenced in his/her selection or choice of one candidate over the other is variable and dependent upon several elements (Campbell 67).
In reference to political parties and political party system, the definition of political parties will be presented. A focus on the functions of a political party system will be examined, as well. It examines the reasons on why the United States possess two political party system.
heir main belief is that the government bears the responsibility of regulating and monitoring the economy besides controlling and regulating various dimensions of American life. The democrats believe in wealth red-distribution to benefit the poor in the society through
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